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Flashcards in Ch. 12 Deck (137):
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Removal of adenoids

Adenoidectomy

1

Pertaining to the alveolus or the air sacs

Alveolar

2

Constricted uncontrolled movement of the bronchus

Bronchospasm

3

Permanent stretching of the bronchus

Bronchiectasis

4

Inflammation of the bronchus

Bronchitis

5

Drug that causes enlargement or opening of the bronchus

Bronchodilator

6

Pertaining to the bronchioles

Bronchial

7

Inflammation of the bronchiole

Bronchiolitis

8

Excessive carbon dioxide

Hypercapnia

9

Condition of dust in the lungs

Pneumoconiosis

10

Condition of blue

Cyanosis

11

Inflammation of epiglottis

Epiglottitis

12

Pertaining to the larynx

Laryngeal

13

Inflammation of the larynx

Laryngitis

14

Spasm of the laryngeal that closes the larynx

Laryngospasm

15

Removal of the lung

Lobectomy

16

Visual exam of the mediastinum

Mediastinoscopy

17

Near the nose

Paranasal

18

Breathing in an upright position

Orthopnea

19

Spitting sputum

Expectoration

20

Pertaining to the pharynx

Pharyngeal

21

Inflammation of the nose and throat

Nasopharyngitis

22

Difficulty speaking

Dysphonia

23

Pertaining to the diaphragm

Phrenic

24

Pertaining to the pleura

Pleuritic

25

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in her pleural space

Pleural effusion

26

Air in the chest

Pneumothorax

27

Blood in the chest

Hemothorax

28

Inflammation of the lung

Pneumonitis

29

Removal of the lung

Pneumonectomy

30

Pertaining to the lung

Pulmonary

31

Physician who specializes in treating lung conditions

Pulmonologist

32

Runny nose

Rhinorrhea

33

Surgical repair of the nose

Rhinoplasty

34

Inflammation of the nose

Sinusitis

35

Breathing in

Inspiration

36

The process of moving air into and out of the lungs

Respiration

37

To measure breathing

Spirometer

38

Incomplete expansion of a lung

Atelectasis

39

Incision into the chest

Thoracotomy

40

Pertaining to the chest

Thoracic

41

Removal of the tonsils

Tonsillectomy

42

Incision into the trachea or windpipe

Tracheotomy

43

Pertaining to the trachea or windpipe

Tracheal

44

Collection of pus in chest

Empyema
Pyothorax

45

No smell

Anosmia

46

Not breathing

Apnea

47

Difficulty breathing

Dyspnea

48

Deep breathing

Hyperpnea

49

Fast breathing

Tachypnea

50

Spitting up of blood

Hemoptysis

51

No pulse

Asphyxia

52

Listening to sounds within the body performed with a Stethoscope

Auscultation

53

Tapping on a surface to determine the difference in her density of underlying structure

Percussion

54

A&P

Auscultation and percussion

55

Scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other

Pleura rub

56

Fine cracklings sounds heard on auscultation when there is fluid in the alveoli

Rales

57

Loud rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum

Rhonchi

58

Strained high pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx

Stridor

59

Continuous high pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing

Wheeze

60

Acute viral infection of infants and children with obstruction of the larynx, accompanied by barking couch and stridor

Croup

61

Acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the bacterium of this

Diphtheria

62

Nosebleed

Epistaxis

63

Whooping cough, highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by bordetella _________

Pertussis

64

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

65

CBABE

Chronic
Bronchiectasis
Asthma
Bronchitis
Emphysema

66

Chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and in increased mucus production

Asthma

67

Chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary infection

Bronchiectasis

68

Inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time

Chronic bronchitis

69

Inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucinous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally

Cystic fibrosis

70

Malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchi

Lung cancer

71

Large collection of pus in the lungs

Pulmonary abscess

72

Fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles

Pulmonary edema

73

Acute inflammation and infection of alveoli

Pneumonia

74

Contagious respiratory infection caused by a variety of viruses and bacteria

Community acquired pneumonia

75

Acquired while at hospital

Hospital acquired pneumonia

76

Caused by material such as food or vomitus lodging in bronchi or lungs

Aspiration pneumonia

77

Clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung

Pulmonary embolism

78

Infectious disease caused by mycobacterium __________

Tuberculosis (TB)

79

Rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura

Mesothelioma

80

Inflammation of the pleura

Pleurisy
Pleuritis

81

Radio graphic image of the thoracic cavity

Chest X-ray (CXR)

82

Magnetic waves create detailed images of the chest in frontal, lateral, and cross sectional planes

MRI of the chest

83

Fiber optic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes

Bronchoscopy

84

Placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway

Endotracheal intubation

85

Visual exam of the voice box

Laryngoscopy

86

Removal of lung tissue followed microscopic examination

Lung biopsy

87

Test that measures the ventilation mechanics of the lungs

Pulmonary function test (PFT)

88

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space

Thoracentesis

89

To form a new opening into the trachea through the neck

Tracheostomy

90

CXR

Chest x ray

91

LUL

Left upper lobe

92

MDI

Metered dose inhaler

93

PFTs

Pulmonary function test

94

SOB

Shortness of breath

95

TB

Tuberculosis

96

URI

Upper respiratory infection

97

Middle of chest where trachea divides into two branches

Mediastinum

98

Blood vessels, nerves, lymphatic tissue, and bronchial tubes enter and exit

Hilum

99

Thin hairs attached to mucous membrane epithelium lining the Resp tract

Cilia

100

Slit like opening to the larynx

Glottis

101

Openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities

Nares

102

Double folded membrane surrounding each lung

Pleura

103

Essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration

Pulmonary parenchyma

104

Adenoids

Adenoid/o

105

Alveolus

Alveol/o

106

Bronchial tube

Bronch/o

107

Bronchus

Bronchi/o

108

Bronchiole

Bronchiol/o

109

Carbon dioxide

Capn/o

110

Dust

Coni/o

111

Epiglottis

Epiglott/o

112

Larynx

Laryng/o

113

Lobe of lung

Lob/o

114

Mediastinum

Mediastin/o

115

Nose

Nas/o

116

Straight, upright

Orth/o

117

Oxygen

Ox/o

118

Chest

Pector/o
Thorac/o

119

Pharynx throat

Pharyng/o

120

Voice

Phon/o

121

Diaphragm

Phren

122

Pleura

Pleur/o

123

Air, lung

Pneum/o

124

Lung

Pneumon/o
Pulmon/o

125

Sinus cavity

Sinus/o

126

Breathing

Spir/o

127

Complete

Tel/o

128

Tonsils

Tonsill/o

129

Windpipe

Trache/o

130

Condition (s)

-ema

131

Smell (s)

-Osmia

132

Breathing (s)

-pnea

133

Spitting (s)

-ptysis

134

Pulse(s)

-sphyxia

135

Pleural cavity, chest (s)

-thorax

136

Inhalation of radioactive gas for imaging, followed by injection of different radioactive material for imaging

Ventilation perfusion (V/Q) scan