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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (63):
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Dilation, widening (suffix)

-Ectasis
-ectasia

1

Vomiting (suffix)

-emesis

2

Digestion (suffix)

-pepsia

3

Eating, swallowing (suffix)

-phagia

4

Surgical repair (suffix)

-plasty

5

Spitting (suffix)

-ptysis

6

Bursting forth (of blood) (suffix)

-rrhage
-rrhagia

7

Suture (suffix)

-rrhaphy

8

Flow, discharge (suffix)

-rrhea

9

Involuntary contraction of muscles (suffix)

-spasm

10

Stopping, controlling (suffix)

-stasis

11

Narrowing, tightening (suffix)

-stenosis

12

Opening (suffix)

-Tresia

13

Dilation of bile duct

Cholangiectasis

14

Vomiting blood

Hematemesis

15

Painful digestion

Dyspepsia

16

Uncontrolled eating

Polyphagia

17

Spitting blood

Hemoptysis

18

Flow of bile from liver is interrupted

Cholestasis

19

Absence of normal opening

Atresia

20

Scales and fissures on lips

Cheilosis

21

Tests for the levels of amylase and lipase enzymes in the blood

Amylase and lipase tests

22

Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in blood

Liver function tests (LFTs)

23

Test for micro organisms present in feces

Stool culture

24

Test to detect occult blood in feces

Stool guaiac test
Hemoccult test

25

X-Ray exam of the biliary system performed after injection contrast into the bile ducts

Cholangiography

26

Series of x-rays taken in multiple views

Computed tomography (CT)

27

Sound waves beamed into the abdomen produce an image of abdomen

Abdominal ultrasonography

28

Use of an endoscope with ultrasound to examine organs of GI tract

Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)

29

Magnetic waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

30

Radioactive imaging procedure that tracks the production and flow of bile from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine

HIDA scan

31

Reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum

Gastric bypass
Bariatric surgery

32

Removal of liver tissue for microscopic exam

Liver biopsy

33

Insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach

Nasogastric intubation

34

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen

Paracentesis

35

alk phos

Alkaline phosphatase

36

ALT, AST

Alanine transaminase
Aspartate transaminase

37

BE

Barium enema

38

BM

Bowel movement

39

BRBPR

Bright red blood per rectum

40

CD

Celiac disease

41

CT

Computed tomography

42

EGD

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

43

ERCP

Endoscopic retrograde

44

EUS

Endoscopic ultrasonography

45

FOBT

Fecal occult blood test

46

G tube

Gastronomy tube

47

GB

Gallbladder

48

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

49

GI

Gastrointestinal

50

HBV

Hepatitis B Virus

51

IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease

52

LAC

Laparoscopic-assisted colectomy

53

LFTs

Liver function tests

54

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

55

NG Tube

Nasogastric tube

56

NPO

Nothing by mouth

57

PEG tube

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube

58

PEJ tube

Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tube

59

PTHC

Percutaneous transheptic cholangiography

60

PUD

Peptic ulcer disease

61

TPN

Total parenteral nutrition

62

T tube

Tube placed in the bile duct for drainage into a small pouch