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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (134):
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Articulate cartilage

Thin layer of cartilage covering the bone in the joint space

1

Cancellous bone

Spongy, porous, bone tissue in the inner part of a bone

2

Dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone and other tissues

Collagen

3

Hard, dense bone tissue, usually found around the outer portion of bones

Compact bone

4

Shaft, or mid portion of a long bone

Shaft

5

Epiphyseal plate

Cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place in an immature skeleton

6

Epiphysis

End of long bone

7

Haversian canals

Minute spaces filled with blood vessels, found in compact bone

8

Ligament

Connects bone to bone

9

Medullary cavity

Central, hollowed out area in the shaft of a long bone

10

Metaphysis

Flared portion of a long bone, between the diaphysis and the Epiphyseal plate

11

Orthopedist

Medical doctor who specializes in bone, jt, and muscle conditions

12

Osseous tissue

Bone tissue

13

Ossification

Process of bone formation

14

Osteoblasts

Bone cells that help form bony tissue

15

Osteoclasts

Bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bony tissue

16

Periosteum

Membrane surround bones rich in blood vessels and nerve tissue

17

Phosphorus

Mineral substance found in bones in combination with calcium

18

Physiatrist

Medical doctor specializing in rehab

19

Trabeculae

Supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous bone

20

Tendon

Connection muscles and bones

21

Yellow bone marrow

Fatty tissue found in medullary cavity of bones

22

Red bone marrow

Site of hematopoiesis in cancellous bone

23

Calcium

Calc/o
Calci/o

24

Humpback, hunchback

Kyph/o

25

Lamina

Lamin/o

26

Curve, sway back (anterior curve)

Lord/o

27

Loins, lower back

Lumb/o

28

Bone marrow

Myel/o

29

Straight

Orth/o

30

Crooked, bent(laterally curved)

Scoli/o

31

Vertebra (conditions of)

Spondyl/o

32

Embryonic or immature cell (suffix)

-blast

33

To break (suffix)

-clast

34

Slipping (suffix)

-listhesis

35

Softening (suffix)

-malacia

36

To grow (suffix)

-physis

37

Pore, passage (suffix)

-porosis

38

Instrument to cut (suffix)

-tome

39

Fibula

Perone/o

40

Rare malignant tumor arising in bone, most often in children

Ewing syndrome

41

Bony growth arising from the surface of bone (benign)

Exostosis

42

Benign exostoses found on metaphyses of long bone

Osteochondromas

43

Swelling of metatarsophalangeal jt near big toe base- build up of soft tissue

Bunion

44

Bone is broken but no open skin wound

Simple fracture

45

Bone is broken and a fragment of bone protrudes through skin

Compound fracture

46

Cracking sound produced when ends of bone rub each other or rub against roughened cartilage

Crepitus

47

Manipulative procedure on broken bone without surgical incision

Closed reduction

48

Incision made to access to fracture site

Open reduction

49

ORIF

Open reduction, internal fixation

50

Common malignant tumor arising in osteoblasts

Osteogenic sarcoma

51

Softening of bone

Osteomalacia

52

Inflammation of bone and bone marrow

Osteomyelitis

53

Decrease in bone density

Osteoporosis

54

Congenital abnormality of the hind foot

Talipes

55

Closed sacs of synovial fluid near joint

Bursae

56

Smooth, glistening white tissue that covers the surface of a joint

Articulate cartilage

57

Space between bones at a synovial joint

Synovial cavity

58

Stiff

Ankyl/o

59

Watery flow

Rheumat/o

60

Tendon

Ten/o

61

Tendon

Tendin/o

62

To bind, tie together (suffix)

-desis

63

Narrowing (suffix)

-stenosis

64

Chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of jts, primarily of the spine

Ankylosing spondylitis

65

Inflammation and painful swelling of jts caused by excessive uric acid in the body

Gouty arthritis

66

Progressive,degenerative joint disease

Osteoarthritis

67

Chronic jt condition with inflammation and pain, autoimmune reaction

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

68

Enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of big toe

Bunion

69

Compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of wrist

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

70

Fluid filled sac arising from jt capsule or tendons

Ganglion cyst

71

Abnormal protrusion of intervertebral disk into spinal cord or nerve

Herniation of intervertebral disk

72

Disorder marked by arthritis, myalgia, and malaise

Lyme disease

73

Trauma to ligaments, w/o rupture

Sprain

74

Chronic inflamm autoimmune disease involving jts, skin, kidneys, cns, heart and lungs

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

75

Makes up voluntary or skeletal muscles

Striated muscle

76

Fibrous tissue that envelops and separate muscles

Fascia

77

Makes up involuntary or visceral muscles

Smooth muscle

78

Striated in appearance and acts like smooth muscle

Cardiac muscle

79

Connection of muscle to bone that moves

Insertion of muscle

80

Connection of muscle to a stationary bone

Origin of muscle

81

Muscle connected to internal organs, involuntary or smooth

Visceral muscle

82

Fascia

Fasci/o

83

Fibrous connective tissue

Fibr/o

84

Smooth muscle that lines internal organs

Leiomy/o

85

Heart muscle

Myocardi/o

86

Muscle

My/o
Myos/o

87

Sole of foot

Plant/o

88

Skeletal muscle connected to bones

Rhabdomy/o

89

Muscle and flesh

Sarc/o

90

Lack of strength (suffix)

-asthenia

91

Development, nourishment (suffix)

-trophy

92

Away from (prefix)

Ab-

93

Toward (prefix)

Ad -

94

Back (prefix)

Dorsi-

95

Group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system

Muscular dystrophy

96

Chronic inflammatory myopathy

Polymyositis

97

Detects an antibody present in serum of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and other autoimmune disease

Antinuclear antibody test (ANA)

98

Measures time it takes for erythrocytes to settle to the bottom of a test tube

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

99

Serum is tested for the presence of a antibody found in patients with RA

Rheumatoid factor test (RF)

100

Measurement of calcium level in serum

Serum calcium (Ca)

101

Measurement of the enzyme creatine kinase in serum

Serum creatine kinase (CK)

102

Measurement of uric acid in serum

Uric acid test

103

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the jt space

Arthrocentesis

104

Taking x-rays after injection of contrast material into a jt

Arthrography

105

Surgical repair or replacement of a jt

Arthroplasty

106

Low energy x-ray absorption in bones of the spinal column, pelvis and wrist is used to measure bone mass

Bone density test

107

Uptake of a radioactive substance is measured in bone

Bone scan

108

X-Ray exam of cervical or lumbar intervertebral disk...

Diskography

109

AC

Acromioclavicular joint

110

ANA

Antinuclear antibody

111

BKA

Below-knee amputation

112

BMD

Bone mineral density

113

CK

Creatine kinase

114

CMC

Carpometacarpal

115

CTS

Carpal tunnel syndrome

116

DEXA or DXA

Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry

117

DMARD

Disease modifying anti rheumatic drug

118

DO

Doctor of osteopathy

119

DTRs

Deep tendon reflexes

120

EMG

Electromyography

121

ESR

Erythrocytes sedimentation rate

122

HNP

Herniated nucleus pulposus

123

IM

Intramuscular

124

NSAID

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

125

OA

Osteoarthritis

126

ORIF

Open reduction
Internal fixation

127

Ortho

Orthopedics

128

P

Phosphorus

129

RF

Rheumatoid factor

130

SLE

Systemic lupus erythematosus

131

TKR

Total knee replacement

132

THR

Total hip replacement

133

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint