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Passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine into the bloodstream

Absorption

1

Small building blocks of proteins

Amino acids

2

Enzyme secreted by pancreas and salivary glands to digest starch

Amylase

3

Digestive juice made in the liver and stored in the gallbladder
Breaks up fat

Bile

4

Pigment released by the liver in bile

Bilirubin

5

Intestine.

Bowel

6

First part of the lg intestine

Cecum

7

Lg intestine: ascending, descending, transverse and sigmoid segments

Colon

8

Carries bile from liver and gallbladder to duodenum

Common bile duct

9

Swallowing

Deglutition

10

Primary part of teeth

Dentin

11

First part of the sm intestine

Duodenum

12

Physical process of breaking down large fats into smaller globules- increases surface area enzymes can use to digest the fat

Emulsification

13

Hard, outermost layer of the tooth

Enamel

14

Substances produced when fats are digested

Fatty acids

15

Substance produced by the stomach necessary for digestion

HCL
Hydrochloric acid

16

Third part of sm intestine

Ileum

17

One of the four front teeth in dental arch

Incisor

18

Second part of sm intestine

Jejunum

19

Pancreatic enzyme necessary to digest fats

Lipase

20

Stores sugar, iron and vitamins
Produces blood proteins
Filters toxins

Liver

21

Muscle ring between esophagus and stomach

Lower esophageal sphincter (LES)
Cardiac sphincter

22

Chewing

Mastication

23

Roof of mouth

Palate

24

Small elevations on the tongue

Papillae

25

Salivary gland within the cheek

Parotid gland

26

Rhythmic contractions of tubular organs
Moves food through gastrointestinal tract

Peristalsis

27

Large vein bringing blood to the liver from the intestines

Portal vein

28

Enzyme that digests protein

Protease

29

Soft tissue within a tooth- contains nerves and blood vessels

Pulp

30

Ring of muscle at end of the stomach
Normally closed- opens with peristalsis

Pyloric sphincter

31

Distal region of stomach- opening to duodenum

Pylorus

32

Connects colon to anus

Rectum

33

Ridges on hard palate and wall of stomach

Rugae

34

Parotid, sublingual, and submandibular

Salivary glands

35

Fourth and last section of colon- just before rectum

Sigmoid colon

36

Fat molecules composed of three parts fatty acid and one part glycerol

Triglycerides

37

Soft tissue hanging from middle of soft palate

Uvula

38

Microscopic projections in the wall of the sm intestine that absorb nutrients into the bloodsteam

Villi

39

Anus

An/o

40

Appendix

Append/o
Appendic/o

41

Cheek

Bucc/o

42

Cecum

Cec/o

43

Belly, abdomen

Celi/o

44

Lip

Cheil/o
Labi/o

45

Gallbladder

Cholecyst/o

46

Common bile duct

Choledoch/o

47

Colon

Col/o
Colon/o

48

Duodenum

Duoden/o

49

Intestines, usually small intestine

Enter/o

50

Esophagus

Esophag/o

51

Face

Faci/o

52

Stomach

Gastr/o

53

Gums

Gingiv/o

54

Liver

Hepat/o

55

Ileum

Ile/o

56

Jejunum

Jejun/o

57

Abdomen

Lapar/o

58

Tongue

Lingu/o
Gloss/o

59

Lower jaw, mandible

Mandibul/o

60

Tooth

Odont/o
Dent/i

61

Palate

Palat/o

62

Pancreas

Pancreat/o

63

Peritoneum

Peritone/o

64

Throat

Pharyng/o

65

Anus and rectum

Proct/o

66

Pyloric sphincter

Pylor/o

67

Rectum

Rect/o

68

Salivary gland

Sialaden/o

69

Sigmoid colon

Sigmoid/o

70

Mouth

Stomat/o
Or/o

71

Uvula

Uvul/o

72

Starch

Amyl/o

73

Gall, bile

Bil/i
Chol/e

74

Bilirubin

Bilirubin/o

75

Hydrochloric acid

Chlorhydr/o

76

Sugar

Gluc/o
Glyc/o

77

Glycogen, animal starch

Glycogen/o

78

Fat, lipid

Lip/o

79

Stone

Lith/o

80

Protein

Prote/o

81

Pus

Py/o

82

Saliva, salivary

Sial/o

83

Fat

Steat/o

84

Enzyme (suffix)

-ase

85

Defecation, elimination of waste (suffix)

-chezia

86

Abnormal condition

-iasis

87

Meal (suffix)

-prandial

88

Lack of Hydrochloric acid

Achlorhydria

89

Any surgical connection between two parts, such as vessels, ducts, or bowel segments

Anastomosis

90

Lining of the cheek

Buccal mucosa

91

abnormal conditions of lips

Cheilosis

92

Removal of gallbladder

Cholecystectomy

93

After meal

Post prandial

94

Part of double fold of peritoneum that stretches around organs in abdomen

Holds organs in place

Mesentry

95

Pertaining to apart from the intestines- directly into the bloodstream

Parenteral

96

Surrounding the anus

Perianal

97

Specialist in anus and rectum

Proctologist

98

Surgical repair of the pyloric sphincter

Pyloroplasty

99

Hernia of the rectum

Rectocele

100

Inflammation of salivary gland

Sialadenitis

101

Stone of saliva

Sialolith

102

Fat discharge- improper fat digestion appearing in stool

Steatorrhea

103

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in abdomen

Ascites

104

Rumbling or grumbling noise produced by gas, fluid or both movement in gastrointestinal tract

Borborygmus

105

Difficulty in swallowing

Dysphagia

106

Burp

Eructation

107

Passage of bright red blood through rectum

Hematochezia

108

Black, tarry stools
Contains digested blood

Melena

109

Inflammation of the mouth with small, painful ulcers

Aphthous stomatitis

110

Tooth decay

Dental caries

111

Inflammation of the mouth caused by infection with the herpesvirus

Herpetic stomatitis

112

White plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth

Oral leukopenia

113

Inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth and surrounding bone

Periodontal disease

114

Failure of lower esophagus sphincter (LES) to relax

Achalasia

115

Malignant tumor of esophagus

Esophageal cancer

116

Swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus

Esophageal varices

117

Malignant tumor of stomach

Gastric cancer

118

Solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

119

Open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum

Peptic ulcer

120

Abnormal tube like passageway near the anus

Anal fistula

121

Polyps protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon

Colonic polyps

122

Adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, or both

Colorectal cancer

123

Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract

Crohn disease

124

Abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall of the colon

Diverticulosis

125

Painful, inflamed intestines commonly caused by bacterial infection

Dysentery

126

Swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region

Hemorrhoids

127

Loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines

Ileus

128

Inflammation of the colon and sm intestine

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

129

Telescoping of the intestines

Intussusception

130

Group of GI symptoms but without abnormalities in the intestines

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

131

Chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers

Ulcerative colitis

132

Twisting of the intestine on itself

Volvulus

133

Gallstones in the gallbladder

Cholelithiasis

134

Chronic degenerative disease of the liver

Cirrhosis

135

Inflammation of the liver caused by a virus

Viral hepatitis

136

Cause of illness

Etiology

137

Unknown disease

Idiopathic

138

Tumor of fat

Lipoma

139

Discharge of pus

Pyorrhea