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Flashcards in Ch.10 Deck (133):
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Watery fluid that flows throughout the brain and around the spinal cord

Cerebrospinal fluid

1

Pertaining to below the Dural membrane

Subdural

2

Pertaining to upon or outside the dura mater

Epidural

3

Inflammation of the brain

Encephalitis

4

Disease of the brain

Encephalopathy

5

Without a brain

Anencephaly

6

Hernia of the brain

Encephalocele

7

Highly malignant tumor of the brain

Glioblastoma

8

Thin delicate structure of the pia and arachnoid membranes

Leptomeninges

9

Benign slow growing tumor

Meningioma

10

Pertaining to the meninges

Meningeal

11

Hernia of the meninges and the spinal cord

Myelomeningocele

12

Inflammation of the meninges

Meningitis

13

Record of the spinal cord

Myelogram

14

Disease of the nerve

Neuropathy

15

Inflammation of many nerves

Polyneuritis

16

Benign tumor of the nerves

Neuroma

17

Suture of the nerves

Neurorrhaphy

18

Inflammation of the nerve root

Radiculitis

19

Disease of the nerve root

Radiculopathy

20

Pertaining to the vagus nerve

Vagal

21

Without pain

Analgesia

22

Less sensitivity to pain

Hypalgesia

23

Extreme sensitivity to pain

Hyperalgesia

24

Pain in the nerve

Neuralgia

25

Pain in the head

Cephalgia

26

Pain in the muscle

Myalgia

27

Burning in the pain

Causalgia

28

Condition of deep sleep

Comatose

29

To reduce sensation

Anesthesia

30

Excessive feeling to pain

Hyperestesia

31

Abnormal feeling or sensation

Paresthesia

32

Slow movement

Bradykinesia

33

Excessive movement

Hyperkinesia

34

Chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity

Epilepsy

35

Sleep seizure

Narcolepsy

36

Difficulty with words

Dyslexia

37

Half weakness

Hemiparesis

38

Without speech

Aphasia

39

Difficulty with speech

Dysphasia

40

Paralysis of one side of the body

Hemiplegia

41

Paralysis in the lower part of the body

Paraplegia

42

All four extremities are paralyzed

Quadriplegia

43

Without movement

Apraxia

44

Nerves have no strength

Neurasthenia

45

Muscle weakness

Myasthenia

46

Fainting

Syncope

47

Pertaining to fainting

Syncopal

48

No coordination

Ataxia

49

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the brain

Hydrocephalus

50

Congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column by imperfect union of vertebral parts

Spina bifida

51

Brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deterioration, personality changes, and impairment of daily functioning

Alzheimer's disease

52

Degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

53

Chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity

Epilepsy

54

Clonic seizure (grand mall) characterized by sudden loss of consciousness, falling down and then tonic contractions

Tonic

55

Sensation experienced by the affected person before onset of a seizure

Aura

56

Momentary clouding of an consciousness and loss of awareness of the persons surroundings

Absence seizures

57

Destruction of the myelin sheath on neurons in the CNS and it's replacement of plaques of sclerotic hard tissue

Multiple sclerosis

58

Paralysis partial or complete loss of motor function

Palsy

59

Paralysis of the 7th cranial nerve

Bell's palsy

60

Degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia occurring in later life and leading to tremors, weakness of muscles and slowness of movement

Parkinson disease

61

Involuntary, spasmodic, twitching movements, uncontrollable vocal sounds and inappropriate words

Tourette syndrome

62

Viral infection affecting the peripheral nerves

Herpes zoster (shingles)

63

Brain disease and dementia occurring with AIDS

HIV encephalopathy

64

Abnormal growth of brain tissue and meninges

Brain tumors

65

Meningioma

Benign

66

Astrocytoma, glioblastoma, oligodendroglioma

Malignant

67

Type of traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head. Majority of symptoms are gone in 24 hours or less

Cerebral concussion

68

Bruising of brain tissue as a result of direct trauma to the head. Neurological deficit that lasts longer than 24 hours and could be permanent

Cerebral contusion

69

CVA stroke

Cerebrovascular accident

70

Three types of stroke

Thrombotic, embolic, hemorrhagic

71

Blood clot

Thrombotic

72

Dislodged thrombus that travels to cerebral arteries and occluded a small vessel

Embolic

73

Blood vessel that breaks and bleeds

Hemorrhagic

74

Clot dissolving drug

Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)

75

Removal of the atherosclerotic plaque along with the inner lining of the affected carotid artery

Carotid endarterectomy

76

Samples of CSF are examined

Cerebrospinal fluid analysis

77

X-ray imaging of the arterial blood vessels in the brain after injection of contrast material

Cerebral angiography

78

Shows brain function

Positron emission tomography (PET)

79

Recording of the electrical activity of the brain

Electroencephalography (EEG)

80

CSF is withdrawn from between two lumbar vertebrae for analysis

Lumbar puncture (LP)

81

Cerebellar function test for balance

Rombergs test

82

To determine deep brain injury (rub fingers on bottom of foot to see if toes curl)

Babinski test

83

Drill into the skull to relieve pressure or to remove hematomas

Burr holes

84

CNS

Central nervous system

85

CSF

Cerebral spinal fluid

86

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

87

EEG

Electroencephalography

88

ICP

Intracranial pressure

89

LP

Lumbar puncture

90

LOC

Level of consciousness

91

MS

Multiple sclerosis

92

TIA

Transient ischemic attacks

93

tPA

Tissue plasminogen activator

94

DTR's

Deep tendon reflexes

95

Maintain the health of nervous system- don't transmit impulses

Glia cells

96

Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord

Afferent nerve

97

Glial cell that transports water and salts from capillaries

Astrocysts

98

Nerves that control involuntary body functions of muscles, glands, and internal organs

Autonomic nervous system

99

Microscopic fiber that carriers the nervous impulse along a nerve cell

Axon

100

Protective separation between the blood and brain cells that keeps substances from penetrating capillary walls and entering the brain

Blood brain barrier

101

Carries messages away from the brain and spinal cord

Efferent nerve

102

Glial cell that lines the membranes within the brain and spinal cord, helps from cerebrospinal fluid

Ependymal cell

103

Connective and supporting tissue of an organ

Stroma

104

Cerebellum

Cerebell/o

105

Cerebrum

Cerebr/o

106

Dura mater

Dur/o

107

Brain

Encephal/o

108

Glial cells

Gli/o

109

Thin, slender

Lept/o

110

Membranes, meninges

Mening/o
Meningi/o

111

Pons

Pont/o

112

Nerve root

Radicul/o

113

Thalamus

Thalam/o

114

Sheath

Thec/o

115

Vagus nerve

Vag/o

116

Excessive sensitivity to pain

Alges/o
-Algesia

117

Deep sleep

Comat/o

118

Feeling, nervous sensation

Esthesi/o
-esthesia

119

Movement

Kines/o
-kinesia
-kinesis
-kinetic

120

Seizure

-lepsy

121

Word, phrase

Lex/o

122

Slight paralysis

-paresis

123

Speech

-phasia

124

Paralysis

-plegia

125

Action

-praxia

126

Strength

-sthenia

127

Cut off

Syncop/o

128

Order, coordination

Tax/o

129

Glue

Gli/o

130

Spine

Spin/o

131

Order

Tax/o

132

Nourishment

Troph/o