Ch # 14 : Neurology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch # 14 : Neurology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch # 14 : Neurology Deck (79)
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1

5 Suffixes meaning pertaining to

-al
-ar
-ary
-eal
-ic
-ine

2

Receives info and then uses it 2 adjust the activity of muscles and glands 2 match the body's needs

Sensory receptors

3

What the nervous system consists of

Responsible 4 coordinating all the body's activity

Brain

Spinal chord

Nerves

4

1 of 2 parts that make up the nervous system

Consists of the brain and spinal chord

Central nervous system

(CNS)

5

1 of 2 parts that make up the nervous system

Consists of all of the nerves carrying electrical impulses 2 the body's organs

Peripheral nervous system

(PNS)

6

The structures of the nervous system

Conducts electrical impulses necessary 2 carry info between CNS and the body

Neurons

7

The point where 1 neuron meets another neuron

Message cannot transmit across the gap between neurons

Synapse

8

The gap between 2 neurons

Synaptic gap

9

Chemical messenger

Neurotransmitter

10

An insulating substance that helps neurons conduct electrical impulses faster

Myelin sheath

11

The branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the nervous system

Includes: brain, spinal chord and nerves

Neurology

12

Treats muscle conditions caused by the nervous system

Neurologist

13

A speciality 4 surgical procedures in treating nervous system conditions

Neurosurgery

14

Suffix meaning pain

-algia

15

Suffix meaning weakness

-asthenia

16

Suffix meaning hernia or protrusion

-cele

17

Suffix meaning surgical removal

-ectomy

18

Suffix meaning feeling or sensation

-esthesia

19

Suffix meaning record

-gram

20

Suffix meaning process of recording

-graphy

21

Suffix meaning inflammation

-itis

22

Suffix meaning 1 who studies

-logist

23

Suffix meaning softening

-malacia

24

Suffix meaning tumor

-oma

25

Suffix meaning abnormal condition

-osis

26

Suffix meaning cutting in2

-otomy

27

Suffix meaning disease

-pathy

28

Suffix meaning speech

-phasia

29

Suffix meaning surgical repair

-plasty

30

Suffix meaning paralysis

-plegia