Ch # 9: Immunology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch # 9: Immunology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch # 9: Immunology Deck (72):
1

3 Suffixes meaning pertaining 2

-ar

-atic

-ic

2

Suffix meaning cell

-cyte

3

Suffix meaning dilated

-ectasis

4

Suffix meaning surgical removal

-ectomy

5

Suffix meaning swelling

-edema

6

Suffix meaning that which produces

-gen

7

Suffix meaning producing

-gentic

8

Suffix meaning protein

-globulin/o

9

Suffix meaning record

-gram

10

Suffix meaning process of recording

-graphy

11

2 Suffixes meaning abnormal condition

-iasis

-osis

12

Suffix meaning specialist

-isn't

13

Suffix meaning inflammation

-itis

14

Suffix meaning 1 who studies

-logist

15

Suffix meaning study of

-logy

16

Suffix meaning softening

Malacia

17

Suffix meaning enlarged

-megaly

18

Suffix meaning resembling

-old

19

Suffix meaning tumor

-oma

20

Suffix meaning disease

-pathy

21

Suffix meaning surgical fixation

-pexy

22

Suffix meaning surgical repair

-plasty

23

Suffix meaning suture

-rrhaphy

24

Suffix meaning stopping

-stasis

25

Suffix meaning treatment

-therepy

26

Suffix meaning poison

-toxic

27

Prefix meaning against

Anti-

28

Prefix meaning self

Auto-

29

Prefix meaning 1

Mono-

30

Combining form meaning adenoids

Commonly used term 4 the pharyngeal tonsils

Adenoid/o

31

Combining form meaning protection or immunity

Responsible 4 protecting the body against pathogens and removing damaged cells

Immun/o

32

Combining form meaning lymph

Clear fluid collected from tissues of the body by lymphatic vessels

Flows through vessels 2 b returned 2 venous circulation

Lymph/o

33

Combining form meaning lymph nodes

Small, roundish organs (not glands) located along the path of lymphatic that house lymphocytes and other WBC's

Able 2 remove pathogens and damaged cells

Lymphaden/o

34

Combining form meaning lymph vessel

Picks up excess fluid from tissues and returns it 2 the circulatory system

Lymphangi/o

35

Combining form meaning disease

-path/o

36

Combining form meaning eating

Monocytes r able 2 "eat" pathogens or damaged cells

Phag/o

37

Combining form meaning spleen

A organ in the lymphatic system

Located on the left side of the upper abdomen

Houses leukocytes responsible 4 filtering blood & destroying worn-out RBC's

Spleen/o

38

Combining form meaning thymus gland

Located in the mediastinum behind the sternum

Needed 4 proper development of immune system

Thym/o

39

Combining form meaning tonsils

3 types in the throat: palatine, pharyngeal & ligual

Contains lymphatic tissue that protects the body from pathogens in the air breathed and in food eaten

Tonsill/o

40

A network of cells, tissues and oregano throughout the body that work 2gether 2 protect the body against pathogens

Uses lymphocytes 2 carry out many of its functions throughout the organs of the lymphatic system

Immune system

41

Is used 2 carry out many of its functions throughout it's organs

Includes: lymph nodes, tonsils, thymus gland and spleen

Lymphatic system

42

The branch of medicine that diagnosis and treats conditions involving the immune system

Immunology

43

They treat conditions including allergies, immunodeficiency disorders, autoimmune diseases and cancers of the immune system

Immunologists

44

The early stages of an infection in which symptoms of infection r present, including lymphadenopathy, fatigue, fever, night sweats, weight loss and diarrhea

AIDS-related complex

(ARC)

45

The later stage of a viral infection when the cells of the immune system loose their ability 2 fight off infection

Patients become unable 2 resist opportunistic infections

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

(AIDS)

46

A physician specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies

Allergist

47

A hypersensitivity 2 a common substance in the environment, food or medication

Allergy

48

A life-threatening condition resulting from a severe allergic reaction causing cardiovascular and respiratory problems

May be triggered by bee stings, allergies or medications

Anaphylactic shock

49

A medication that blocks the effects of a histamine released by the body during allergic reactions

Antihistamine

50

A blood test that determines the number of antibodies against cell nuclei r present in the bloodstream

Elevated in autoimmune conditions

Antinuclear antibody titer

(ANA)

51

A disease resulting from the bodies immune system attacking its own cells as if they were pathogens

Autoimmune disease

52

Hormones produced by the adrenal cortex

Used as medication 2 treat autoimmune diseases due 2 their very strong anti-inflammatory properties

Corticosteroids

53

Cells capable of physically attacking and killing pathogens or diseased cells

Cytotoxic cells

54

It results from the blockage of lymphatic vessels that causes extreme tissue edema

Elephantiasis

55

A blood test 4 an antibody of AIDS virus

A positive result means the person has been exposed 2 the virus

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

(ELISA)

56

The common name 4 the appearance of wheals during an allergic reaction

Hives

57

2 names 4 a cancer of the lymphatic cells found in the lymph nodes

Hodgkin disease

Hodgkin lymphoma

58

2 names 4 having an immune system that is unable 2 respond properly 2 pathogens

Immunodeficiency

Immunocomprimised

59

Medication used 2 block certain actions of the immune system

Used 2 prevent rejection of a transplanted organ

Immunosuppressant

60

Tissue response 2 an injury

Characterized by redness, pain, swelling and feeling hot 2 the touch

Inflammation

61

A type of skin cancer often seen in patients w/AIDS

Consists of brownish-purple papules that begin in the skin and spreads 2 internal organs

Kaposi sarcoma

(KS)

62

An acute viral infection of the lymphoid tissue w/a large number of abnormal WBC's circulating in the bloodstream

Mononucleosis

63

Cancer of the lymphatic tissues other than Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

(NHL)

64

Infections seen in patients w/a compromised immune systems

Opportunistic infections

65

An opportunistic infection common in immunodeficient persons

Caused by pneumocystis jirovecii

Pneumocystis Cabrini pneumonia

(PCP)

66

An autoimmune disease w/fibrous lesions forming in the lymph nodes, liver, skin, lungs, spleen, eyes and the small bones of the hands or feet

Sarcoidosis

67

An allergy test where the body is exposed 2 a pathogens through a light scratch in the skin

Scratch test

68

A genetic condition of children born w/nonfunctioning immune system who often forced 2 live in sealed sterile rooms

Severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome

(SCIDS)

69

An autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks its own connective tissue throughout the body

Systemic lupus erythematous

(SLE)

70

Severe itching associated w/hives and usually seen in allergic reactions 2 food, stress or medications

Urticaria

71

2 names 4 the exposure 2 a weakened pathogen 2 stimulate the immune response and antibody production against the full-blown disease

Vaccination

Immunization

72

A blood test 2 detect various antibodies in the bloodstream

Western blot test