Ch # 6 : Orthopedics Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch # 6 : Orthopedics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch # 6 : Orthopedics Deck (87):
1

7 Suffixes meaning pertaining 2

-ac
-al
-ar
-ary
-eal
-ic
-ous

2

2 Suffixes meaning pain

-algia

-dynia

3

Suffix meaning weakness

Asthenia

4

Suffix meaning 2 puncture 2 w/draw fluid

-centesis

5

2 Suffixes meaning surgical breaking

-clasia

-clasis

6

Suffix meaning cell

-cyte

7

Suffix meaning surgical fixation

-desis

8

Suffix meaning surgical removal

-ectomy

9

Suffix meaning producing

-genic

10

Suffix meaning record

-gram

11

Suffix meaning process of recording

-graphy

12

Suffix meaning inflammation

-itis

13

Suffix meaning movement

-kinesia

14

Suffix meaning softening

-malacia

15

Suffix meaning process of measuring

-metry

16

Suffix meaning tumor

-oma

17

Suffix meaning abnormal condition

-osis

18

Suffix meaning cutting in2

-otomy

19

Suffix meaning diease

-patchy

20

Suffix meaning surgical repair

-plasty

21

Suffix meaning porous

-porosis

22

Suffix meaning suture

-rrhaphy

23

Suffix meaning rupture

-rrhexis

24

Suffix meaning instrument 4 viewing

-scope

25

Suffix meaning process of visually examining

-scopy

26

Suffix meaning instrument 2 cut

-tome

27

Suffix meaning development

-trophy

28

Prefix meaning w/out

A-

29

Prefix meaning slow

Brady-

30

Prefix meaning difficult or painful

Dys-

31

Prefix meaning between

-inter

32

Prefix meaning w/in

Intra-

33

Prefix meaning excessive

Hyper-

34

Prefix meaning through

Per-

35

Prefix meaning under

Sub-

36

Prefix meaning above

Supra-

37

Combining form meaning joint

Is where 2 or more bones meet

Aka: articulation

Synovial joints: most joints in the body and r freely moving

Arthr/o

38

Combining form meaning bursa

A fluid-filled sac found between the tendon and bone 2 reduce friction

Burs/o

39

Combining form meaning cartilage

Tough, flexible connective tissue that covers the end of the bones in joints

Serves as a shock absorber

Chondr/o

40

Combining form meaning skull

Crani/o

41

2 Combining forms meaning muscle

They produce movement in the body

3 types: skeletal, smooth and cardiac

Muscul/o

My/o

42

Combining form meaning red bone marrow

Tissue found inside of bones that produce blood cells

Myel/o

43

Combining form meaning bone

Hard calcified connective tissue

Supports and moves the body while providing vital protection 2 underlying organs

Houses red bone marrow and important minerals

Oste/o

44

Combining form meaning vertebra

Spondyl/o

45

2 Combining forms meaning tendon

Strong bands of connective tissue that anchor muscles 2 bone

Ten/o

Tendin/o

46

Surgical procedure that uses a piece of bone 2 replace lost bone or 2 fuse 2 bones 2gether

Bone graft

47

Nuclear medicine scan using radioactive dye 2 visualize bones

Useful 4 finding stress fractures and bone cancer

Bone scan

48

Repetitive motion disorder caused by the pressure on the tendons and nerves as they pass through the carpal tunnel area on the wrist

Carpal tunnel syndrome

(CTS)

49

2 names 4 a broken bone w/no open skin wound

Closed fracture

Simple fracture

50

A bone break where the bone shatters in2 many small fragments

Comminuted fracture

51

A bone break that causes a loss of height of the veritable body

May result from trauma or may occur in a bone weakened by Osteoporosis

Compression fracture

52

Abnormal shortening of muscle fibers, tendons or connective tissue making it difficult 2 stretch muscle

Contracture

53

Muscle enzyme found in skeletal and cardiac muscle

Elevated levels r associated w/heart attack, muscular dystrophy and other skeletal muscle pathologies

Creatine kinase

(CK)

54

Involuntary muscle contraction in response 2 striking a muscle tendon w/a reflex hammer

This test is used 2 determine whether muscles respond properly

Deep tendon reflexes

(DTR)

55

Occurs when the bones in a joint r displaced from normal alignment and the ends of the bones r no longer in contact w/each other

Dislocation

56

A test using low-dose x-ray beams 2 measure bone density

Used 2 diagnosis osteoporosis

Duel-energy absorptiometry

(DXA)

57

Chronic condition w/widespread aching and pain in the muscles and fibrous soft tissue

Fibromalgia Symdrome

58

Procedure 2 stabilize fractured bone while it heals

2 types: external - includes casts, splints and pins inserted through
the skin
internal - includes pins, plates, rods, screws and wires
that r put in2 place during a surgical procedure
called open reduction

Fixation

59

Broken bone

Fracture

(FX or Fx)

60

A fracture w/an incomplete break

1 side of the bone breaks while the other side only bends

Commonly seen in children

Greenstick fracture

61

3 names 4 a protrusion of an intervertebral disk between 2 vertebrae which puts pressure on the spinal nerves

May require surgery

Herniated nucleus pulposus

Herniated disk

Ruptured disk

62

A fracture in which 1 bone fragment is pushed in2 another

Impacted fracture

63

3 names 4 an abnormal increase in the normal outward curvature of the thoracic spine

Kyphosis

Hunchback

Humpback

64

2 names 4 an abnormal increase in the normal 4ward curvature of the lumbar spine

Lordosis

Swayback

65

2 names 4 a loss of muscle bulk due 2 muscle disease, nervous system disease or lack of use

Muscle atrophy

Muscle wasting

66

1 of a group of inherited diseases involving progressive muscle degeneration, weakness and atrophy

Muscular dystrophy

(MD)

67

A large group of drugs that provide mild pain relief and anti-inflammatory benefits 4 conditions like arthritis

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

(NSAIDs)

68

A bone break in which the break line runs along an angle 2 shaft of the bone

Oblique fracture

69

Externally applied brace or splint used 2 prevent or correct defominites

Orthosis

70

Arthritis caused by the loss of the cartilage cushion that covers bones in a joint and results w/bone rubbing against bone

Most common in weight bearing joints

Osteoarthritis

(OA)

71

The most common type of bone cancer

Usually begins in osteocytes found at the ends of bones

Frequently occurs in ages 10 - 25 years old

Osteogenic sarcoma

72

A broken bone caused by a diseased or weakened bone, not trauma

Pathologic fracture

73

The use of a thin catheter tube inserted in2 an invertible disk through the skin 2 suck out pieces of herniated or ruptured disks

Or laser is used 2 vaporize disk

Percutaneous diskectomy

74

Any artificial device used as a substitute 4 a body part that is either missing from birth or lost as a result of an accident or disease

Prosthesis

75

Diagnostic imaging procedure using x-rays 2 c the internal structure of the body

Useful 4 visualizing bones and joints

Radiography

76

2 correct a fracture or dislocation by realigning the bone

2 types: closed - moves bones externally
open - manipulating bones through a surgical incision

Reduction

77

A group of chronic disorders w/tendon, muscle, joint and nerve damage caused by prolonged periods of pressure, vibration or repetitive movements

Repetitive motion disorder

78

Arthritis w/swelling, stiffness, pain and degeneration of cartilage in joints caused by chronic soft tissue inflammation

May result in crippling deformities

An autoimmune disease

Rheumatoid arthritis

(RA)

79

Abnormal laterial curvature of the spine

Scoliosis

80

Sudden involuntary muscle contraction

Spasm

81

A birth defect that occurs when the vertebra fails 2 fully form around the spinal cord

Ranges from mild 2 severe

If the spinal cord is damaged paralysis results

Spina bifida

82

A bone break in which a fracture line spirals around the shaft of the bone

Caused by a twisting injury

Slower 2 heal

Spiral fracture

83

A ligament injury from over stretching but w/out joint dislocation or bone fracture

Sprain

84

A slight bone break caused by repetitive low-impact forces

Ex: running

Stress fracture

85

2 names 4 a surgical reconstruction of the hip w/an artificial hip joint

Total hip arthroplasty
(THA)

Total hip replacement
(THR)

86

Surgical reconstruction of the knee joint w/an artificial knee joint

Total knee arthroplasty
(TKA)

Total knee replacement
(TKR)

87

A bone break w/the fracture line is straight across the shaft of the bone

Transverse fracture