Ch # 8: Hemotology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch # 8: Hemotology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch # 8: Hemotology Deck (68):
1

55% of blood is this watery fluid

Contains: glucose, amino acids, hormones and electrolytes

Plasma

2

45% of blood

Contains cell or cell fragments floating in the plasma

Includes: RBC's (contains hemoglobin), WBC's, platelets

Formed elements

3

A process where all the formed elements r produced in red bone marrow

Hematopoiesis

4

The diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the blood and blood forming tissues

Hematology

5

Specializes in the treatment of bleeding disorders, cancers of the blood forming tissues and anemia

Interprets blood tests and the science of blood transfussions

Hematologist

6

Suffix meaning cell

-cyte

7

Suffix meaning abnormal cell condition

-cytosis

8

Suffix meaning surgical removal

-ectomy

9

Suffix meaning blood condition

-emia

10

Suffix meaning protein

-globin

11

Suffix meaning condition

-ia

12

2 Suffixes meaning pertaining 2

-ic

-tic

13

Suffix meaning 1 who studies

-logist

14

Suffix meaning study of

-logy

15

2 Suffixes meaning destruction

-lysis

-lytic

16

Suffix meaning instrument 4 measuring

-meter

17

Suffix meaning process of measuring

-metry

18

Suffix meaning mass

-oma

19

Suffix meaning abnormal cell condition

-osis

20

Suffix meaning cutting in2

-otomy

21

Suffix meaning 2 few

-penia

22

Suffix meaning attracted 2

-phil

23

2 Suffixes meaning formation

-plasm

-poiesis

24

Suffix meaning bursting forth

-rrhage

25

Suffix meaning stopping

Stasis

26

2 Prefixes meaning w/out

A-

An-

27

Prefix meaning against

Anti-

28

Prefix meaning self

-auto

29

Prefix meaning excessive

Hyper-

30

Prefix meaning insufficient

Hypo-

31

Prefix meaning 1

Mono-

32

Prefix meaning all

Pan-

33

Prefix meaning many

Poly-

34

Combining form meaning cell

Used 2 refer 2 formed elements

Cyte/o

35

2 Combining forms meaning blood

Hemat/o

Hem/o

36

Combining form meaning clot

Thromb/o

37

A group of blood disorders involving either a reduction in the number of circulating erythrocytes or the amount hemoglobin in the RBC's

Results in decreased oxygen delivery 2 tissues

Anemia

38

Any substance that prevents clot formation

Anticoagulant

39

A severe form of anemia caused by the loss of functioning red bone marrow

Results in a decrease in the number of all blood cells

May require a bone marrow transplant

Aplastic anemia

40

The collecting and storing of 1's own blood 2 use 2 replace blood loss during surgery

Autotransfusion

41

When a blood sample is incubated 2 check 4 bacterial growth

If present then they r identified and the best antibotic treatment is determined

Blood culture and sensitivity

(C and S)

42

The transfer of blood from 1 person 2 another

Blood transfusion

43

The removal of a small sample of bone marrow by needle and is examined for diseases

Bone marrow aspiration

44

When a patient receives a red bone marrow donation after 's own bone marrow is destroyed by radiation or chemotherepy

Bone marrow transplant

(BMT)

45

The formation of a blood clot

Coagulate

46

Comprehensive blood test that includes RBC count, WBC count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, WBC differential and platelet count

Complete blood count

(CBC)

47

Usually a piece of thrombus breaks away and floats through the bloodstream until it lodges in a smaller blood vessel and blocks blood flow

Embolus

48

A blood test that measures the rate at which the RBC's settle out of the blood 2 form a sediment at the bottom of the test
tube

Indicates the presence of an inflammatory disease

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

(ESR or sed rate)

49

A blood test that measures the volume of RBC's w/in the total volume of blood

Hematocrit

(HCT, Htc, crit)

50

2 names 4 a blood collection under the skin by escaping in2 tissue from a damaged blood vessel

Hematoma

Bruise

51

A blood test that measures the amount of protein present in a given volume of blood

Hemoglobin

(Hgb, hb)

52

An inherited lack of a vital clotting factor

Results in almost complete inability to stop bleeding

Hemophilia

53

Anemia resulting from when there isn't enough iron 2 build hemoglobin 4 RBC's

Iron-deficiency anemia

54

Cancer of leukocyte -forming red bone marrow

Patient usually has an abnormal and immature leukocytes circulating in their blood

Leukemia

55

Anemia resulting from when the digestive system absorbs an insufficiant amount of vitamin B12

B12 is vital 4 erythrocyte production

Pernicious anemia

(PA)

56

2 names 4 the removal of a blood specimen from the vein 4 laboratory tests

Phlebotomy

Vein puncture

57

A blood test that determines the number of platelets in a given volume of blood

Platelet count

58

A condition characterized by 2 many erythrocytes

The blood becomes 2 thick 2 flow easily through blood vessels

Polycythemia vera

59

A blood test that measures how long it takes 4 a clot 2 form after prothrombin when a blood clotting protein is activated

Prothrombin time

(Pro time, PT)

60

A blood test that determines the number of erythrocytes in a volume of blood

Decrease may indicate anemia
Increase may indicate polycythemia vera

Red blood cell count

(RBC count)

61

2 names 4 the presence of bacteria or other toxins in the bloodstream

Septicemia

Blood poisoning

62

A machine that performs multiple blood chemistry tests automatically

Sequential multiple analyzer computer

(SMAC)

63

Blood that has had the formed elements and clotting factors removed

Serum

64

An inherited blood cell disorder in which erythrocytes take on an abnormal curved shape

Cells r fragile and easily damaged resulting in anemia

Occurs mostly in African Americans

Sickle cell anemia

65

An inherited blood disorder in which the body is unable 2 correctly make hemoglobin resulting in anemia

Thalassemia

66

The administering of medication 2 dissolve a blood clot and thus restore normal circulation

Thrombolytic therepy

67

A blood test that determines the number of leukocytes in a volume of blood

Increase may indicate infection or leukemia
Decrease maybe caused by some diseases, radiation therepy and chemotherepy

White blood cell count

(WBC count)

68

A blood test that determines the number of each type of leukocyte

White blood cell differential

(diff)