Ch. 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 17 Deck (35):
1

Semi-circumferential webs, Paterson-Brown-Kelly or Plummer-Vinson syndromes

Esophageal mucosal webs

2

Circumferential webs

Schatzki rings

3

Mallory-Weiss tears

Lacerations

4

Full thickness esophageal tear

Boerhaave syndrome

5

Dysphagia with intraepithelial eosinophils

Eosinophilic esophagitis

6

Mucin producing tumor in distal 1/3 of esophagus causying hematemesis and odynophagia

Adenocarcinoma of esophagus

7

Dysplastic squamous tumor in middle 1/3 of esophagus causing odynophagia and dysphagia

Squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus

8

Atrophic gastric body, hyperplastic antrum, beefy red tongue (atrophic glossitis)

Autoimmune gastritis

9

Dense eosinophilic infiltrates in antrum/pylorus with elevated serum IgE

Eosinophilic gastritis

10

Increased intraepithelial T cells affecting the entire stomach

Lymphocytic/Varioliform gastritis

11

Hyperplastic body/fundus causing enlarged rugae, corkscrew glands, hypoplastic chief/parietal cells with chronic ulceration of duodenum/stomach

Menetrier disease

12

Doubling of oxyntic mucosal thickness from gastrin-secreting tumor

ZE Syndrome

13

Sharply demarcated ulcers in the stomach with normal adjacent mucosa

Stress ulcer

14

Ulcers in duodenum associated with severe burns/trauma

Curling ulcer

15

Ulcers in pts with intracranial disease

Cushing ulcer

16

Improper branching of artery along lesser curvature of stomach near GE junction

Dieulafoy lesion

17

Alternating edematous/erythematous mucosa with normal mucosa

Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia (GAVE)

18

Lesions in antrum composed of dysplastic epithelium

Gastric adenoma

19

Well-circumscribed lesions lined by flattened parietal/chief cells

Fundic gland polyps

20

Signet ring growth with diffuse rugal flattening and "Leather Bottle" appearance

Diffuse gastric adenocarcinoma

21

Lymphoepithelial lesions expressing CD43 and t(11;18) translocation

MALToma (Lymphoma)

22

Firm, yellowish mass with intense desmoplasia

Carcinoid tumor

23

Solitary, well-circumscribed mass with whorled appearance when cut, KIT is diagnostic marker

GI stromal tumor

24

Broad-based ulcerations causing mucoid dysentery and polyarthritis with ECM1 mutation

Ulcerative colitis

25

Skip lesions, deep ulcers, cobblestone appearance, non-caseating granulomas with relapsing dysentery, fistulae, and rectal abscesses and NOD2 mutation

Crohn disease

26

Out-pouching along the taenia coli

Sigmoid diverticulum

27

Benign, smooth nodular protrusion from colon

Hyperplastic polyp

28

Pedunculated, reddish lesion in child with rectal bleeding, intussusception, and obstruction and SMAD4 mutation

Juvenile Polyp

29

Large pedunculated polyp, mucocutaneous hyperpigmentation, and STK11 mutation

Peutz-Jeghers syndrome

30

Sessile, serrated adenomas with MSH2/MLH1 mutations

Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer

31

Napkin-ring constrictions in distal colon with APC and SMAD2/4 mutations

Adenocarcinoma

32

Peritoneal tumor with t(11;22)

Mesothelioma

33

Chronic diarrhea, bloating, fatigue, dermatitis herpetiformis with HLA-DQ2/8

Celiac disease

34

Failure to thrive, diarrhea, steatorrhea, presence of "burr" cells on Oil Red-O stain with MTP mutation

Abetalipoproteinemia

35

Malformed blood vessels occurring in cecum or right colon

Angiodysplasia