Ch 19 Lec 1 - Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Ch 19 Lec 1 - Endocrine System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 19 Lec 1 - Endocrine System Deck (123):
1

endocrine system is blank with blank effects

slow, long term

2

endocrine system is interrelated with the blank system

nervous

3

the blank directly innervates the endocrine system

hypothalamus

4

hormones produced by specialized cell and carried in blood stream

ductless system

5

exocrine uses a blank

duct

6

endocrine hormones go to blank

everywhere

7

substance synthesized by a specific organ or tissue and secreted

hormones

8

blood carries hormones to other sites which is called blank

endocrine signaling

9

hormones secreted into extracellular spaces which is called blank

paracrine signaling

10

hormones act on blank

target cells

11

target cells have specific blank for specific hormones

receptors

12

four categories of hormones

steroids, peptides, amines, eicosanoids

13

hormones that are made of cholesterol and non polar

steroids

14

hormones that are polar

peptides

15

hormones that are derived from amino acids and are polar or non polar

amines

16

hormones that are mostly non polar and are paracrine signals

eicosanoids

17

steroids can cross blank

membranes

18

derived from tyrosine or tryptophan

amine hormones

19

some are membrane blank and others are not

soluble

20

most important amine hormones are made by blank and blank

thyroid, adrenal medulla

21

short chaiins of amino acids and are too big to cross membranes and are all pituitary hormones

peptide hormones

22

control of hormone secretion is an example of blank

negative feedback

23

in negative feedback, blank is established and it works just like a blank

homeostasis, furnace

24

hypothalamus sends signals to the body and the blank gland

pituitary

25

pituitary gland is the most important endocrine gland for blank

regulation

26

two lobes of pituitary gland

posterior, anterior

27

posterior lobe of pituitary gland does not make any blank

hormones

28

posterior lobe of pituitary is mostly for blank

hypothalamic axons

29

anterior lobe of pituitary has blank types of endocrine cells

five

30

two hypothalamic regulatory hormones of the anterior pituitary lobe

releasing, inhibiting

31

eicoanoids are mostly blank and are blank

non polar, prostaglandins

32

posterior pituitary hormone that causes contraction of muscles in uterine walls

oxytocin

33

oxytocin also causes muscles associated with milk ejection to blank as well as prostate gland

contract

34

oxytocin is significant in blank bonding

emotional

35

posterior pituitary hormone that caused kidney to decrease water excretion

antidiuretic hormon

36

antidiuretic hormone increased blank

blood volume

37

anterior pituitary hormone that causes increase in melatonin secretion

melanocyte stimulating hormone

38

anterior pituitary hormone that causes tested to produce sperm, follicular development in ovary and stimulate secretion of estrogen

follicle stimulating hormone

39

anterior pituitary hormone that promotes secretion of sex hormones and releases oocyte

luteinizing hormone

40

anterior pituitary hormone that increases size and rate of reproduction of body cells like muscles and bones

growth hormone

41

growth hormone is secreted throughout life but increases at blank

puberty

42

anterior pituitary hormone that controls secretion of thyroid hormone

thyroid stimulating hormone

43

anterior pituitary hormone that targets mammary tissue to produce milk

prolactin

44

anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates adrenal cortex to produce corticosteroids

adrenocorticotropic hormone

45

two lobes and isthmus connecting this gland

thyroid

46

thyroid is inferior to blank

larynx

47

thyroid has blank cells

follicular

48

follicular cells remove blank from blood

iodine

49

follicular cells secrete blank

T3 and T4

50

thyroid has blank cells as well

parafollicular

51

parafollicular cells make blank

calcitonin

52

thyroxine is made by follicular cells and is blank

T4

53

T3 is a thyroid hormone called

triiodothyronine

54

thyroxine is for blank

growth

55

triiodothyronine is same as T4 but is blank times more potent

five

56

parafollicular cell that is for decreasing calcium

calcitonin

57

parathyroid glands are on the blank surface of thyroid

posterior

58

parathyroid gland makes blank hormone which increased blood calcium

parathyroid hormone

59

parathyroid glands have blank cells which produce parathyroid hormone

chief cells

60

melatonin helps with blank

circadian rhythms

61

pineal gland makes blank

melatonin

62

thisis in the epithalamus and produces pineacytes

pineal gland

63

this prepares body for pregnancy

progesterone

64

the corpus luteum produces these two things

estrogens, progesterone

65

follicles produce these two things

estrogen, inhibin

66

post ovulation part of female gonads

corpus luteum

67

pre ovulation part of female gonads

follicles

68

these have follicles and the corpus luteum

female gonads

69

these cells secrete inhibin which stimulates sperm creation

nurse cells

70

male gonads have these two cells

interstitial, nurse

71

these secrete androgens like testosterone in male gonads

instersitial cells

72

pancreas cells that make somatostatin which inhibits glucagon and insulin secretion

delta

73

pancreas cells that make insulin

beta

74

pancreas cells that make glucagon

alpha

75

three cells of pancreas

alpha, beta, delta

76

pancreas has blank which are for endocrine function

islets of langerhans

77

this is posterior to the stomach and is attached to a duodenum by a duct and is exocrine and endocrine

pancreas

78

this is in the heart and suppresses aldosterone and decreases blood volume and blood pressure

atrial natriuretic peptide

79

this increases absorption of digested calcium

calcitrol

80

this is for erythrocyte production

erythropoietin

81

this starts cascade to increase blood pressure

renin

82

kidney has these three things in it

renin, erythropoietin, calcitriol

83

adrenal medulla makes these

epinephrine, norepinephrine

84

this adrenal gland is separate from adrenal cortex and has chromaffin cells which are modified postganglionic cells of the SNS

adrenal medulla

85

adrenal cortex gland that produces androgens and is for secondary sex characteristics

reticularis

86

adrenal cortex gland that produces cortisol and is for glycogen formation

fasciculata

87

adrenal cortex gland that produces aldosterone and is for sodium retention

glomerulosa

88

adrenal cortex is made up of these three adrenal glands

glomerulosa, fasciculata, reticularis

89

thymus is most active in blank

childhood

90

thymus produces blank

thymosin

91

gland in the thoracic cavity that is posterior to the sternum and enhances lymphocyte production and competence

thymus

92

gland in the thoracic cavity that is posterior to the sternum and enhances lymphocyte production and competence

thymus

92

thymus produces blank

thymosin

92

thymus is most active in blank

childhood

92

adrenal cortex is made up of these three adrenal glands

glomerulosa, fasciculata, reticularis

92

adrenal cortex gland that produces aldosterone and is for sodium retention

glomerulosa

92

adrenal cortex gland that produces cortisol and is for glycogen formation

fasciculata

92

adrenal cortex gland that produces androgens and is for secondary sex characteristics

reticularis

92

this adrenal gland is separate from adrenal cortex and has chromaffin cells which are modified postganglionic cells of the SNS

adrenal medulla

92

adrenal medulla makes these

epinephrine, norepinephrine

92

kidney has these three things in it

renin, erythropoietin, calcitriol

92

this starts cascade to increase blood pressure

renin

92

this is for erythrocyte production

erythropoietin

92

this increases absorption of digested calcium

calcitrol

92

this is in the heart and suppresses aldosterone and decreases blood volume and blood pressure

atrial natriuretic peptide

92

this is posterior to the stomach and is attached to a duodenum by a duct and is exocrine and endocrine

pancreas

92

pancreas has blank which are for endocrine function

islets of langerhans

92

three cells of pancreas

alpha, beta, delta

92

pancreas cells that make glucagon

alpha

92

pancreas cells that make insulin

beta

92

pancreas cells that make somatostatin which inhibits glucagon and insulin secretion

delta

92

these secrete androgens like testosterone in male gonads

instersitial cells

92

male gonads have these two cells

interstitial, nurse

92

these cells secrete inhibin which stimulates sperm creation

nurse cells

92

these have follicles and the corpus luteum

female gonads

92

pre ovulation part of female gonads

follicles

92

post ovulation part of female gonads

corpus luteum

92

follicles produce these two things

estrogen, inhibin

92

the corpus luteum produces these two things

estrogens, progesterone

92

this prepares body for pregnancy

progesterone

92

thisis in the epithalamus and produces pineacytes

pineal gland

92

pineal gland makes blank

melatonin

92

melatonin helps with blank

circadian rhythms