Chapter 1 Intro To Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Intro To Anatomy Deck (67):
1

This analyzes the internal structure of cells

cytology

2

this examines tissues

histology

3

this anatomy considers structures not able to be seen with the naked eye

microscopic

4

this anatomy considers large structures able to be seen by the human eye

gross or macroscopic

5

this anatomy refers to the study of general form and superficial anatomical markings

surface

6

the general form of anatomical markings

morphology

7

This anatomy considers all of the superficial and internal features in a specific area of the body

regional

8

this anatomy considers the structure of major organ systems such as the skeletal system

systemic

9

the strongest type of microscope

transmission electron microscope

10

a decision about the nature of an illness

diagnosis

11

Eleven organ systems

integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphoid, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive

12

The legs are blank, the arms are blank, and the palms are blank in the standard anatomical position

together, at the sides, facing forward

13

a person lying down and face up in the anatomical position is blank

supine

14

a person laying down and face down in the anatomical position is blank

prone

15

area of head

cephalic

16

area of neck

cervical

17

area of chest

thoracic

18

segment of the upper limb closest to the trunk; the arm

brachial

19

the forearm

antebrachial

20

the wrist

carpal

21

the hand

manual

22

the pelvis

pelvic

23

the anterior pelvis

pubic

24

the groin

inguinal

25

the lower back

lumbar

26

the buttock

gluteal

27

the thigh

femoral

28

the kneecap

patellar

29

the leg, from knee to ankle

crural

30

the calf

sural

31

the ankle

tarsal

32

the foot

pedal

33

sole region of foot

plantar

34

the front; before

anterior

35

the belly side (equivalent to anterior when referring to the human body)

ventral

36

the back; behind

posterior

37

the back (equivalent to posterior when referring to human body)

dorsal

38

toward the head

cranial

39

same as cranial

cephalic

40

above; at a higher level (in human body, toward the head)

superior

41

toward the tail (coccyx in humans)

caudal

42

below; at a lower level; toward the feet

inferior

43

toward the midline (the longitudinal axis of the body)

medial

44

away from the midline (the longitudinal axis of the body)

lateral

45

toward an attached base

proximal

46

away from an attached base

distal

47

at, near, or close to the body surface

superficial

48

toward the interior of the body; farther from the surface

deep

49

profile view is the blank plane

sagittal

50

front view is the blank plane

frontal

51

looking down upon view is the blank plane

transverse

52

a dome shaped muscular sheet that separates the ventral body cavity into a superior thoracic cavity and and inferior abodminopelvic cavity

diaphragm

53

The main body cavity (coelom) of a human

ventral

54

the ventral body cavity is separated by the blank

diaphragm

55

the ventral body cavity is separated into the blank and blank cavities

thoracic, abdominopelvic

56

the thoracic cavity is divided into these three cavities

right/left pleural, mediastinum

57

the mediastinum contains the blank cavity

pericardial

58

the abdominopelvic cavity includes these two cavities

abdominal, pelvic

59

cavity that provides protection, allows organ movement, and lining prevents friction

ventral

60

cavity that is surrounded by chest wall and diaphragm

thoracic

61

cavity that contains the peritoneal cavity

abdominopelvic

62

cavity that surrounds the right lung

right pleural

63

cavity that surrounds the left lung

left pleural

64

cavity that contains the trachea, esophagus, and major vessels

mediastinum

65

cavity that surrounds the heart

pericardial

66

cavity that contains many digestive glands and organs

abdominal

67

cavity that contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, last portion of digestive tract

pelvic cavity