Ch 20 Lec 1 - Blood Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Ch 20 Lec 1 - Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 20 Lec 1 - Blood Deck (71):
0

there are blank liters of blood in the human body

5

1

blood is a blank tissue

connective

2

formed elements of blood

cells

3

plasma is the blank of blood

matrix

4

two functions of blood

transport nutrients and oxygen, maintain stable cellular environment, transport metabolic wastes, transport specialized cells that defend tissues

5

plasma is blank percent of blood volume

55

6

two functions of blood plasma

transport nutrients and gases and vitamins, regulate fluid and electrolytes, maintain pH

7

blood plasma is blank percent water, blank percent protein and blank percent solutes

92, 7, 1

8

blood plasma differs from blank fluid

interstitial

9

blood plasma has a greater blank concentration than interstitial fluid

O2

10

blood plasma has a reduced blank concentration than interstitial fluid

CO2

11

there is more dissolved blank in blood plasma than interstitial fluid

proteins

12

waste solutes in blood (two)

urea, ammonia

13

three types of solutes in blood

waste, electrolytes, organic nutrients

14

majority of proteins are blank

albumin

15

albumin is the blank protein

smallest

16

albumin maintains blank pressure of blood

osmotic

17

albumin controls blank

blood volume

18

albumin transports blank materials in blood

fatty

19

there are 35 percent of blank in plasma proteins

globulins

20

two types of globulins

immunoglobulins, transport globulins

21

these plasma proteins make up four percent of plasma

fibrinogen

22

these plasma proteins are antibodies

immunoglobulins

23

these proteins bind to compounds and prevent filtering by kidneys

transport globulins

24

these plasma proteins are for blood clotting and without these, plasma is known as serum

fibrinogen

25

forty percent of blood and the amount of these are known as hematocrit

erythrocytes

26

erythrocytes are 99.9 percent of all blank

formed elements (blood cells)

27

erythrocytes structure are blank

biconcave disks

28

most organelles are blank in erythrocytes

absent

29

erythrocytes also do not have

nuclei

30

stacks of erythrocytes travelling through capillaries are called blank

rouleaux

31

there are blank hemoglobin molecules per cell of erythrocyte

280 million

32

hemoglobins make up blank percent of red blood cell proteins

95

33

there is one blank group per polypeptide of hemoglobin

heme

34

there is one blank per heme group of hemoglobin

iron

35

each iron may carry one blank molecule in hemoglobin

oxygen

36

bright red form of hemoglobin

oxyhemoglobin

37

the reverse of oxyhemoglobin and is a deep red color

deoxyhemoglobin

38

when CO2 binds to hemoglobin it is called blank

carbaminohemoglobin

39

carbaminohemoglobin accounts for blank percent of blood CO2

23

40

white blood cells are called blank

leukocytes

41

two functions of leukocytes

defend against pathogens, remove toxins and wastes, do not function in the circulatory system

42

leukocytes move into tissues from blood vessels which is called blank

diapedesis

43

diapedesis is the squeezing out of the blank

blood vessels

44

two types of leukocytes

granulocytes, agranulocytes

45

these are granulocytes that make up 60 percent of white blood cells

neutrophils

46

neutrophils have a blank nucleus and are very blank

lobed, mobile

47

neutrophils are blank and are the first defense against blank

phagocytic, microorganisms

48

these are granulocytes and make up 2 to 4 percent of white blood cells

eosinophils

49

eosinophils have a blank nucleus

bi lobed

50

eosinophils have blank granules

red

51

two functions of eosinophils

attracted to injuries, phagocytize, increase during allergic reactions

52

granulocytes that make up 1 percent of white blood cells

basophils

53

basophils have a blank shaped nucleus

s

54

basophils have blank granules

blue

55

basophils release blank and blank

histamine, anticoagulants

56

histamine attracts blank

white blood cells

57

these are agranulocytes and make up 2 to 8 percent of white blood cells

monocytes

58

monocytes are the blank cells in blood

biggest

59

two functions of monocytes

phagocytize, attract fibroblasts, first to start eating bacteria when injured

60

these are agranulocytes that make up 20 to 30 percent of white blood cells

lymphocytes

61

lymphocytes mature in blank organs

lymph

62

lymphocytes are the blank white blood cell

smallest

63

lymphocytes are non blank

phagocytic

64

lymphocytes are involved in blank

specific immunity

65

lymphocytes produce blank and destroy blank

antibodies, abnormal tissue

66

three types of lymphocytes

T cells, B cells, nk cells

67

lymphocyte that attacks foreign cells directly

t cells

68

lymphocytes that differentiate into plasmocytes that produce antibodies

b cells

69

lymphocytes that are for immune surveillance and destruction of abnormal cells

natural killer cells

70

example of abnormal cells

cancer cells