Ch 3 Lec 1 Tissues Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 3 Lec 1 Tissues Deck (88):
1

many tissues make up a blank

organ

2

tissues are made of similar types of blank

cells

3

Four primary types of tissues

epithelial, connective, muscle, neural

4

three characteristics of epithelial tissue

regeneration, polarity, covers all body surfaces, cellularity, attachment, avascularity

5

do blood vessels run through epithelial tissue?

no

6

three functions of epithelial tissue

physical protection, control permeability, sensation, secretions

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glandular products are made from blank tissue

epithelial

8

There is blank space between epithelial cells

little

9

there is no blank matrix in epithelial tissue

intercellular

10

nutrients are usually supplied through blood in the underlying tissue underneath blank tissue

epithelial

11

The polar sides of epithelial tissue are...

basal, lateral, apical

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basal side grows off a basal blank

lamina

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lateral side contacts blank cells and cell blanks

adjacent, junctions

14

apical side is exposed to blank and has these two specializations

lumen... microvilli, cilia

15

basal lamina is also known as

basement membrane

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lamina lucida means blank

clear layer

17

lamina densa means blank

dense layer

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three types of classification of epithelial tissue

simple, pseudostratified, stratified

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function is secretion and absorption epithelial tissue

simple

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epithelial tissue whose function is protection

stratified

21

single layer of cells epithelial tissue

simple

22

single layer of cells that look stratified

pseudostratified epithelial tissue

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two or more layers of epithelial tissue

stratified

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four shapes of epithelial tissue

squamous, cuboidal, columnar, transitional

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cells are flattened in this epithelial tissue shape

squamous

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cells are usually cube shaped or hexagons epithelial shape

cuboidal

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tall and cylindrical cells epithelial shape

columnar

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shape changes in this shape of epithelial tissue

transitional

29

any type of epithelium has blank names

two... ex) simple squamous

30

structure is one layer, thin, flat, irregular

simple squamous

31

function is absorption, diffusion, reduce friction

simple squamous

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location of simple squamous

blood vessels, lungs, kidney tubules, serous membranes

33

structure is one layer, hexagonal box shaped cells

simple cuboidal

34

function is absorption, secretion, limited protection

simple cuboidal

35

location of simple cuboidal

glands, ducts, kidney tubules

36

structure is one layer, hexagonal column shaped cells

simple columnar

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function is protection, absorption, secretion

simple columnar

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location of simple columnar

stomach, intestine, gall bladder, uterine tubes

39

structure is one layer, multi shaped cells with nuclei at varied heights

pseudostratified columnar

40

function is protection and secretion

pseudostratified columnar

41

location of pseudostratified columnar

male urinary tracts

42

structure is thin, flat, irregular, multiple layer cells

stratified squamous

43

function is protection against frequent abrasion

stratified squamous

44

location of stratified squamous

skin, mouth, throat, esophagus, rectum, anus, vagina

45

structure is multiple layered, hexagonal shaped boxes

stratified cuboidal

46

function is secretion

stratified cuboidal

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location of stratified cuboidal

some ducts

48

structure is multiple layers, hexagonal column shaped cells

stratified columnar

49

function is protection and secretion

stratified columnar

50

location of stratified columnar

pharynx, anus

51

strucuture is multiple layers and can change shape

transitional

52

function is expansion and recoil without tearing

transitional

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location of transitional

urinary bladder, renal pelvis

54

females urinate blank than males

more

55

several glandular epithelial cells put together equals

gland

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two types of glands

exocrine, endocrine

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gland that secretes products into ducts that open on a surface

exocrine

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gland that secretes products into tissue fluid or blood

endocrine

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two types of exocrine glands

unicellular, multicellular

60

single cell and goblet cell are blank exocrine glands

unicellular

61

secretory sheets, simple, and compound exocrine glands are blank

multicellular

62

two types of multicellular exocrine glands

simple, compound

63

one large sheer covering a surface and rarely have ducts or pockets and is an exocrine multicellular gland

secretory sheets

64

have one distinct duct and can be tubular, coiled or alveolar and is multicellular exocrine gland

simple

65

a multicellular exocrine gland that has many distinct ducts and can be tubular, coiled, or alveolar

compound

66

three types of exocrine glands

merocrine, apocrine, holocrine

67

exocrine gland that secrete products by exocytosis. ex salivary gland

merocrine

68

vesicles within cytoplasm bring product to the surface

exocytosis

69

exocrine gland that pinches off of cell portion and the product is within this portion. ex. mammary glands

apocrine

70

exocrine gland that product accumulates in cytosol and cell ruptures and becomes the product. ex. sebaceous glands

holocrine glands

71

three traits of connective tissue

most abundant, multiple functions, spread apart, able to reproduce, well nourished, vary in structure

72

connective tissue blank occur on free surface

does not

73

cartilage and tendons are unlike other connective tissue because it does not have blank

good nerve/ blood supply

74

all connective tissue is derived from blank cells

mesenchymal cells

75

stem cells that differentiate into the multitude of cell types in all connective tissue

mesenchymal cells

76

this is secreted by cells, has protein fibers and ground substance

extracellular matrix

77

connective tissue is composed of these two things

extracellular matrix, cells

78

connective tissue blank produce the matrix

cells

79

cells rarely blank due to the extracellular matrix

touch

80

three functions of connective tissue

bind structures, support, protection, fill spaces, store fat, produce blood, repair damage, protect against infection, transport fluids & dissolved materials

81

connective tissue with cells and fibers in gel like ground substance

connective tissue proper

82

two types of connective tissue proper

loose, dense

83

connective tissue proper that is areolar, adipose, reticular

loose

84

connective tissue proper that is regular, irregular, elastic

dense

85

produce protein fibers in connective tissue proper

fibroblasts

86

white blood cells that consume damaged cells and invaders in connective tissue proper

fixed macrophages

87

fat cells in connective tissue proper

adipocytes

88

produce melanin in connective tissue proper

melanocytes