Ch. 36 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 36 Deck (25):
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Nanjing

Capital of China. Rape of Nanjing- Japanese soldiers raped 7,000 women, murdered many unarmed soldiers, & burned 1/3 of the homes

1

Impartite Pact

a ten- year military & economic pact that Japan signed in 1940 which aligned Japan with other recisionist nations

2

Munich Conference

September 1938- consolidation of the appeasement policy. Revealed how most nations outside the revisionist sphere had decided to deal w territorial expansion by aggressive nations

3

Neville Chamberlain

Britain's prime minister. Announced that the meeting had achieved "peace for our time".

4

Russian-German Treaty of Agression

agreement by which the two nations agreed not to attack eachother & promised neutrality in the event that any went to war with a third party

5

Blitzkrieg

"Lightning war". Germany stunned the world with this & sudden victory. (CHECK PAPER FOR DETAILS/ EVENTS)

6

Luftwaffe

Germany's Air Force which led the Battle of Britain. Rained bombs on heavily populated metropolitan areas.

7

Operation Barbarossa

code name for the June invasion of the Soviet Union

8

Pearl Harbor

Japanese hoped to destroy American naval capacity by attacking here to clear the way for conquest of SE Asia

9

Asia for Asians

Slogan under which Japan pursued expansion on Asia. Implied that Japanese would lead again people's to independence from European imperialists.

10

Greater East Asian co-prosperity sphere

Japan needed the region's (Asia) resources so they sought to build this

11

Normany invasion

D-Day (June 6, 1944); British & US troops landed on the coast of Normandy, this made German resistance fade

12

Magic

secret weapon of the U.S. which enabled cryptographer monitoring Japanese radio frequencies to discover the plan of attack on Midway

13

Kamikaze

pilots who "volunteered" to fly planes with just enough fuel to reach an allied ship and dive bomb into it

14

Wansee Conference

15 leading nazi bureaucrats gathered to discuss and coordinate the final solution

15

Auschwitz

largest of the concentration camps

16

comfort women

Japanese army forcibly recruited woman age 14-20 to serve in miletary brothels called "comfort houses"

17

Warsaw Pact

countermeasure to NATO. A military alliance of 7 communist European nations which matched collective defensive policies of NATO

18

German Democratic Republic

(EAST GERMANY)- emerged out of the soviet zone of occupation in Germany

19

Berlin Wall

communists (soviets) reinforced fortification along the border between E. & W. Germany because of East Germans leaving

20

Fidel Castro

headed a revolutionary movement in Cuba which overthrew Fulgencjo Batista y Zakdivar

21

Nikita Khrushchev

soviet premier who embarked on a policy of de-Stalinization (the end of the rule of terror & partial liberation of soviet society)

22

Prague spring

liberal movement which Czechoslovakia communist leader supported and he promised citizens "socialism with human force"

23

Breaches doctrine

reserved the right to invade socialist country that was deemed to be threatened by internal/external elements "hostile to socialism"

24

detente

deduction in hostility, trying to cool the costly arms race and slow their (soviet and U.S.) competition in developing countries