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Flashcards in Chapter 29 Deck (13):
0

calico acts

Prohibited imports of printed cotton cloth & resticted the sale of calicoes at home. (Calicoes- inexpensive brightly colored textiles from India)

1

John Kay & flying shuttle

speeded up the weaving process & stimulated demand for thread

2

James Watt & steam engine

Burned coal to boil water and create steam, which drove mechanical devices that performed work

3

John Bessemer & converter

made it possible to produce steel cheaply in large qualities (Bessemer converter)

4

Edmund Cartwright & power loom

clergyman without training/experience who made water-driven power loom that inaugurated an era of mechanical weaving

5

George Stephenson & the rocket

built the first steam-powered locomotive. But burned too much coal for use at sea

6

Luddites

organized bands of English handicraft workers who went on a rampage & destroyed textile machines that they blamed for their low wages and unemployment

7

Eli Whitney & interchangeable parts

designed machine tools with which unskilled workers made only a particular part that for every musket of the same model

8

John D. Rockefeller & standard oil

American petroleum producer. Controlled almost all oil drilling, processing, refining, marketing, & distribution in the US

9

demographic transition

shifting patterns of fertility & mortality beginning in the 1800s

10

Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels

Most prominent socialists (Held that capitalism divided people into 2 classes: capitalists- owned industrial machinery, & protetariat- wage workers)

11

Communist Manifesto

spirited tract written by Marx & Engels. Asserted that all human history has been the history of struggle between social classes. Came to dominate socialism

12

Charles Fourier

Often called a utopian socialist, worked to establish idea communities (along with Robert Owen)