Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (15):
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Otto of Saxony

local authority who established himself as king in Northern Germany. Campaigned east of the Elbe river & twice in Italy. Pope John XII proclaimed Otto emperor

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Hugh Capet

minor noble who lords of France elected as king

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William of Normandy

Invaded England, then ruled by descendants of the Angles, Saxons, and other Germanic people who migrated there

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Hanseatic League

association of trading sites stretching from Novgorod to London, including all significant trading center of Poland, Northern Germany, & Scandinavia

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guild

regulated the production & sale of goods within their jurisdictions. Came to control much of the urban economy in medieval Europe

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St. Thomas Aquinas

spent most of his career teaching at the university of Paris. Thought that scholastic theology represented the harmonization of Aristotle with Christianity

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Virgin Mary

Most popular saint, mother of Jesus. Personified the Christian ideal of womanhood, love, and sympathy. Europeans dedicated many churches/cathedrals to her.

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Dominicans/St. Dominic

Most prominent person who encouraged spiritual over materialistic values. Founded orders of beggars called Dominicans

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Franciscans/St. Francis

Most prominent person who encouraged spiritual over materialistic values. Founded orders of beggars called Franciscans

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Waldensians

Despised the Roman Cathokic clergy as immortal & corrupt; advocated modest & simple lives. Criticized the church's biblical teachings

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Leif Ericsson

Eric the Red's son who led another exploratory South & West of Greenland (arriving at Newfoundland in Canada)

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reconquista

the reconquest of Spain. Began in the 1600s; by 1150 they had recaptured Lisbon & established authority over half of the peninsula.

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crusades

refers to a holy war. More commonly known as the huge expositions that Roman Cathokic Christians mounted in order to capture Palestine.

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Granada

Kingdom in the far south of the peninsula. Only area that remained Muslim after new round of Christian campaigns (until 1492, which ended the reconquista.)

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Pope Urban II

launched the crusades in 1095