Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (15):
Otto of Saxony
local authority who established himself as king in Northern Germany. Campaigned east of the Elbe river & twice in Italy. Pope John XII proclaimed Otto emperor
minor noble who lords of France elected as king
William of Normandy
Invaded England, then ruled by descendants of the Angles, Saxons, and other Germanic people who migrated there
association of trading sites stretching from Novgorod to London, including all significant trading center of Poland, Northern Germany, & Scandinavia
regulated the production & sale of goods within their jurisdictions. Came to control much of the urban economy in medieval Europe
St. Thomas Aquinas
spent most of his career teaching at the university of Paris. Thought that scholastic theology represented the harmonization of Aristotle with Christianity
Most popular saint, mother of Jesus. Personified the Christian ideal of womanhood, love, and sympathy. Europeans dedicated many churches/cathedrals to her.
Most prominent person who encouraged spiritual over materialistic values. Founded orders of beggars called Dominicans
Most prominent person who encouraged spiritual over materialistic values. Founded orders of beggars called Franciscans
Despised the Roman Cathokic clergy as immortal & corrupt; advocated modest & simple lives. Criticized the church's biblical teachings
Eric the Red's son who led another exploratory South & West of Greenland (arriving at Newfoundland in Canada)
the reconquest of Spain. Began in the 1600s; by 1150 they had recaptured Lisbon & established authority over half of the peninsula.
refers to a holy war. More commonly known as the huge expositions that Roman Cathokic Christians mounted in order to capture Palestine.
Kingdom in the far south of the peninsula. Only area that remained Muslim after new round of Christian campaigns (until 1492, which ended the reconquista.)