Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (20):
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Charlemagne

Frankish realm high point under his rule; temporarily reestablished centralized imperial rule

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Christendom

A region that never experienced political unity but that adopted Christianity as the dominant source of cultural authority

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Golden Horn

Magnificent natural harbor in Byzantion

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Constantine/Constantinople

Constantine designated Byzantion the site of the new capital (Constantinople.)

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Caesaropapism

Constantine initiated this policy-The emperor not only ruled as secular Lord but also played an active and prominent role in ecclesial affairs

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Justinian

Most important early Byzantine Emperor. Married Theodora. ("The sleepless emperor.")

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Abu al-Abbas

Albino elephant given as a gift to Charlemagne. Symbolized relations between Carolingian and Abbasid Empires

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Charles Martel

Founder of Carolingian dynasty; Charlemagne's grandfather

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Counts

Aristocratic deputies who held authority in jurisdiction

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Vikings

Norse mariners who mounted invasions and plundered settlements from Russia and east Europe to Mediterranean lands

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Louis the Pious

Charlemagne's only surviving son. He succeeded his father and held the empire together

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Theme System

They placed an imperial province called a theme under authority of a general

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Bezant

The Byzantine gold coin. Served as the standard currency of the Mediterranean basin for more than 500 years

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Greek Fire

An incendiary weapon compounded of sulfur, lime, and petroleum

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Odovacer

Deposed the last of the Roman emperors

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Missi Dominici

Group of imperial officials who reviewed the accounts of local authorities ("envoys of The Lord ruler.")

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Hagia Sophia

A church. A domed structure. One of the most important examples of Christian architecture ("holy wisdom.")

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Feudalism

(Characterized the political and social order of medieval Europe.) Involved hierarchy of lords and vassals who took charge of political/military affairs

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Emperor Leo |||

Embarked on policy of inconoclasm (destroying religious images and prohibiting their use in churches.)

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Prince Vladamir of Kiev

Converted to Christianity and ordered his subjects to follow the example. Helped spread the Byzantine cultural and religious influence in Russia