Chapter 22 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 22 Deck (15):
0

Vasco da Gama

Portuguese mariner who led a small fleet out of the harbor at Lisbon. Destination: India

1

reconquista

Ended in 1492- kingdom of Granada fell to Spanish Christian forces

2

lantern sails

triangular sails; very manuverable & could catch winds from the side as well as from behind

3

astrolabe

simplified version of an instrument used by Greek & Persian astronomers to determine latitude.

4

Henry of Portugal

conquered the Moroccan part of Ceuta & sponsored a series of voyages down the west African coast

5

Bartolomeu Dias

rounded the Cape of Good Hope & entered the Indian Ocean

6

Taíno

native inhabitants of an island in the Bahamas. Christopher Columbus called them Indians

7

Guanahani

an island in the Bahamas where Christopher Columbus made landfall

8

Ferdinand Magellan

Portuguese mariner who visited ports throughout the Indian Ocean basin & traveled east as far as Maluku

9

James Cook

one of the most important Pacific explorers. Led three expeditions to the Pacific & added three places to European maps of the Pacific

10

Afonso d'Alboquerque

commander of portuguese forces in the Indian Ocean during the 1600s

11

V.O.C

one of the two most powerful joint-stock companies that English & Dutch merchants formed. (the United East India Company.)

12

Miguel López de Legapazi

overcame local authorities in Cebu and Manila. (named the Philippine islands after Phillip II of Spain

13

Manila

soon emerged as bustling, multicultural port city. Became the Hun of Spanish commercial activity in Asia.

14

Jan Pieterszoon Coen

founded Batavia on Island of Java to serve as entrpôt for VOC. Architect for Dutch policy