Chapter 27 Flashcards Preview

AP World History > Chapter 27 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 27 Deck (14):
0

Shah Jahan

Emperors of Mughal India, who took his seat on the Peacock Throne

1

ghazi

Muslim religious warriors

2

devshirmie

Institution through which the Ottomans required the Christian population of the Balkans to contribute young boys to become slaves of the sultan

3

Mehmed II

Captured Constantinople (which became the Ottoman capital) and helped to stimulate its role as a commercial center

4

Twelver Shiism & the qizilbash

Held that there were 12 infallible leaders after Muhammad. Qizilbash: Turkish followers who wore red hats w/ 12 pleats

5

Battle of Chaldiran

Sunni Ottomans persecuted Shiites within Ottoman Empire. The two empires remained locked in intermittent conflict for 2 centuries

6

Hürem Sultana

A concubine of Ukrainian origin. Suleyman the Great elevated her to the status of a legal wife

7

Murad IV

Outlawed coffee & tobacco; also executed those who continued to use it

8

Sikhism

Combined elements of Hindu and Islam into a new syncretic faith

9

jizya

special tax for the dhimmi

10

Isfahan

Site of Shah Abbas' capital. One of the most precious jewels of urban architectural development

11

Taj Mahal

A the most famous of the Mughal monuments. Shah Jahan had 20,000 workers tool for 18 years to build it

12

dhimmi

"Protected people." Maintained personal freedom, kept their property, practiced their religion, & handled their own legal affairs.

13

Piri Reis

Ottoman admiral and cartographer who produced large-scale maps and a major navigational text-the book of seafaring