Ch. 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 5 Deck (36):
1

THREE powers given to the central government by the Articles of Confederation

1 - declare war
2 - raise armies
3 - sign treaties

2

TWO powers NOT given to the central government by the Articles of Confederation

1 - create taxes
2 - regulate trade

3

document for creating a loose union of states (weak central government) after the Revolutionary War

Articles of Confederation

4

What did the Confederation Congress do in order to raise money?

sold land in the NW territory

5

laws created by the Confederation Congress to govern the NW territory

Northwest Ordinance

6

3 rights guaranteed by NW ordinance

- free religion
- property
- trial by jury

7

What was forbidden by the NW Ordinance?

slavery

8

What was the Confederation Congress's trade success?

treaty with France that said they could sell to French colonies in Caribbean

9

What was the trade failure of the Confederation Congress?

Different states charged Britain different duties (taxes on imported good) --> states argued

10

What was the diplomacy failure of the Confederation Congress?

Treaty of Paris (which ended the Revolutionary War) said that Americans had to return Loyalist property --> states didn't want to and Congress was too weak to force them --> British soldiers stayed in America and refused to leave

11

TWO economic problems facing Confederation Congress

- recession (economic slowdown)
- inflation (money becomes worth less and prices go up)

12

cause of Shays's rebellion

poor Massachusetts farmers were upset at new taxes --> scared they would lose their land --> shot down courthouse --> unsuccessful

13

Why was the Constitutional Convention called?

to strengthen central government but balance it with states' rights

14

nationalists

people who support strong central government (later they'll be called federalists)

15

nationalist from Virginia who convinced everyone to change Articles of Confederation

James Madison

16

New York delegate who recommended the Constitutional Convention

Alexander Hamilton

17

only state to not participate in Constitutional Convention

Rhode Island (they liked a weak central government)

18

Constitutional Convention (who? where?)

55 delegates, Philadelphia

19

he presided over the Constitutional Convention

George Washington

20

SIX provisions of the Virginia Plan

- eliminate Articles of Confederation
- create new national government with 3 branches
- make laws that limit states
- raise money for national government through taxes
- legislature (Congress) with two houses
- number of representatives from each state was based on state population

21

Who proposed the Virginia Plan?

Randolph

22

problem with Virginia Plan

favored big states with lots of people

23

Who proposed the New Jersey Plan?

William Paterson

24

THREE provisions of the New Jersey Plan

- modify Articles of Confederation
- Congress could tax and regulate trade
- each state equally represented in Congress, regardless of population

25

another name for the Connecticut Compromise

Great Compromise

26

What was the biggest difference between the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan?

Virginia wanted the number of a state's representatives in Congress to be based on state population, New Jersey wanted every state to have the same number of representatives

27

What WAS the great compromise?

Congress would have TWO houses
- Senate - every state had two senators
- House of Representatives - states had representatives based on their population

28

Compromise over slaves in a state's population

Three-Fifths Compromise: slaves each counted for 3/5 of a person

29

changes to the Constitution

amendments

30

document created by the Constitutional Convention, creating the framework for a limited government

U.S. Constitution

31

phrase meaning that the different branches of government are divided

separation of powers

32

phrase meaning that the different branches of government have the ability to limit each other's power

checks and balances

33

what is required for an amendment to be made to the Constitution?

- proposal requires 2/3 of states
- ratification requires 3/4 of states

34

government branch responsible for interpreting laws

judicial

35

government branch responsible for enforcing and implementing laws

executive

36

government branch responsible for making laws

legistlative