Ch. 7 Growth and division Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 7 Growth and division Deck (40):
1

period after War of 1812 during Monroe's presidency, American s felt national loyalty, only one national party

Era of Good Feelings

2

protective tariff passed after War of 1816

Tariff of 1816

3

two types of tariffs

protective and revenue

4

tax designed to raise money for government

revenue tariff

5

tax designed to help American manufacturers by taxing imports from other countries

protective tariff

6

Chief Justice of Supreme Court, helped unify nation after war with three famous cases

John Marshall

7

John Marshall's three famous cases

- Gibbons vs. Ogden
- Martin vs Hunter's Lessee
- McCulloch vs Maryland

8

How did Gibbons vs. Ogden turn out? (2)

- government does not have power to allow monopolies
- Congress can control interstate commerce

9

How did Martin vs Hunter's Lessee turn out? (1)

- Supreme Court had power over state courts

10

How did McCulloch vs Maryland turn out? (2)

- Bank of US upheld
- Congress has "implied powers" to pass laws, since they can do anything "necessary and proper"

11

3 ways nationalism was shown after War of 1812

- economic
- judicial
- diplomacy

12

How was economic nationalism shown? (2)

- Second Bank of US
- protective tariffs

13

How was judicial nationalism shown? (1)

- national court (Supreme Court) dominant over state courts

14

How was diplomatic nationalism shown? (2)

- gained Florida from Spain
- Monroe Doctrine declared that America could not be colonized, and that other countries should stay out of American affairs

15

major east-west highway that helped trade and transportation

National Road

16

built Clermont steamboat with Livingston

Robert Fulton

17

built an engine for America's first powerful locomotive

Peter Cooper

18

popularized interchangeable parts, creating factory processes

Eli Whitney

19

invented telegraph

Morse

20

he opened mills and used machines to mass produce cotton cloth, employed thousands

Lowell

21

machine that separated cotton balls from seeds

cotton gin

22

they owned larges plantations with 5 or more slaves

planters

23

smaller farmers with 4 or fewer slaves

yeoman farmers

24

plantation system giving slaves a certain number of jobs each day that they had to complete; after that they could spend their time on their own

task system

25

plantation system where slaves work in groups led by a driver

gang system

26

former slave, anti-slavery activist, wrote his autobiography

Frederick Douglass

27

wealthy New Orleans woman who imported dry goods

Cecee McCarthy

28

African American who earned money by handling explosives on ships, opened sail factory, donated money to abolishing slavery

James Forten

29

African American who ran a woodworking shop and was accused of planning a revolt to free slaves; tried and hanged

Denmark Vessey

30

enslaved African American who led an uprising that killed 50 white people; tried and hanged

Nat Turner

31

illegitimate agreement between politicans

corrupt bargain

32

supported Jackson, later known as Republicans

Democratic Republicans

33

supported John Q. Adams

National Republicans

34

trash talking opposing candidates to prevent them from getting elected

mudslinging

35

Andrew Jackson's nickname

Old Hickory

36

men who got support from their own states

favorite sons

37

arrangement that prohibited slavery in Louisiana Purchase but allowed it in the south

Missouri Compromise

38

5 parts of slave codes

- slaves could not own property
- could not leave property without permission
- couldn't own guns
- couldn't testify against whites
- couldn't read or write

39

the Clermont went from __ to __ in __ hours

New York, Albany, 32

40

__ was accused of getting votes for __ in exchange for a cabinet post

Clay, Adams