Ch. 9 Manifest Destiny Flashcards Preview

8 History > Ch. 9 Manifest Destiny > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 9 Manifest Destiny Deck (49):
1

two reasons why Americans headed West

religious freedom, chance to own their own farms

2

two reasons why Americans headed West

religion, chance to own their own farms

3

the idea that God gave land to Americans and wanted them to settle West

manifest destiny

4

magazine editor who created the term "manifest destiny"

John Louis O'Sullivan

5

settlers to stayed on land they did not own

squatters

6

law that protected squatters by giving them to right to claim land

Preemption Act

7

inventor of the iron-bladed plow

Jethro Wood

8

inventor of the steel-bladed plow

John Deere

9

inventor of the mechanical reaper

Cyrus McCormick

10

In 1821, __ gained independence from Spain

Mexico

11

in an effort to attract settlers to California, governor __ gave land to __

Alvarado; Sutter

12

two mountain men who sold beaver furs and carved out east-to-west traveling paths for settlers

Kit Carson and Jim Bridger

13

the most popular route from east to west

Oregon Trail

14

the most popular route from east to west

Oregon Trail

15

western settlers who found their own way west using guidebooks

overlanders

16

group of 87 overlanders that got trapped during winter in the Sierra Nevada mountains

Donner Party

17

agreement between US and Native Americans about what territories would belong to the Native Americans forever

Treaty of Fort Laramie

18

Mormon leader to led his followers west

Brigham Young

19

path west followed by Mormons

Mormon Trail

20

place where Mormons settled

Great Salt Lake, Utah

21

Spanish-speaking inhabitants of Texas

Tejanos

22

Mexican men who tried to get American settlers in Texas; Spanish word for agents or contractors

empresarios

23

law in which Mexico gave 26 empresarios land in Texas, and empresarios promised to fill it with settlers

National Colonization Act

24

most successful empresario

Stephen Austin

25

Americans who moved to Texas initially accepted _ citizenship

Mexican

26

Haden Edwards declared Texas an independent nation called __

Fredonia

27

In 1830, three things Mexico did to discourage Americans from taking control of Texas

- banned immigration into Texas
- banned import of slaves
- taxed imported goods

28

Americans in Texas held two __ asking Mexico for more authority and a new constitution

conventions

29

Americans in Texas held two __ asking Mexico for more authority and a new constitution

conventions

30

Mexican president who lifted the immigration ban; later arrested Austin and made himself dictator

Santa Anna

31

military leader of the Americans in Texas

Sam Houston

32

mission where the Americans stayed and fought off Santa Anna's troops for 13 days, giving the rest of the American army time to organize

Alamo

33

leader of the Americans at Alamo

Travis

34

turning point of the war over Texas, where the Americans brutally defeated the Mexicans

Battle of San Jacinto

35

first president of Republic of Texas

Sam Houston

36

after winning the war, Americans in Texas wanted __, to join the US

annexation

37

concern some Northerners had about admitting Texas to the US

they didn't want another slave state

38

president who officially recognized Texas as an independent nation

Andrew Jackson

39

Whig senator who ran against James Polk

Henry Clay

40

party who favored annexing Texas

Democrats

41

politician who claimed to want the Oregon Territory but secretly allowed Britain to have some of Vancouver Island

Polk

42

a state representative

envoy

43

American envoy sent to try to purchase land from Mexico

John Slidell

44

general who led American troops to invade Mexican territory

Zachary Taylor

45

general who led American troops to invade Mexican territory

Zachary Taylor

46

American general who began an uprising against Mexico in northern California

John C Fremont

47

American general who captured Mexico City

Winfield Scott

48

treaty in which Mexico gave up California, Utah, Nevada, and parts of other states in exchange for money

Treaty of Guadalupe Hildalgo

49

to give up

cede