Flashcards in Ch. 6 Federalists and Republicans Deck (39):
What law required importers to pay tax on their cargo when it arrived in the US?
Tariff of 1789
Why did the Tariff of 1789 anger Southern planters?
They were charged more to ship their crops to Europe
Why did James Madison want to pass the Bill of Rights?
He hoped that they would build support for the new government among the people
How many amendments were there in the Bill of Rights?
12, but the states only approved 10
What did the first 8 amendments in the Bill of Rights do?
protect the rights of individuals against the government
What did the 9th amendment in the Bill of Rights do?
says that the people have all the rights not listed
What did the 10th amendment in the Bill of Rights do?
says that the states have all the powers not given to the federal government
____ believed it was good for the US to owe people money, because if people owned bonds, then they would want the US to be successful
a paper note issued by the government, promising to pay someone back with interest
a person willing to take a risk for future gain
Hamilton asked Congress to create a national ___
Hamilton believed that a national bank could do two important things...
- manage the country's debts and payments
- issue paper money
powers specifically given to the federal government in the Constitution
___ argued that Congress could not create a national bank because creating a bank was not an enumerated power
A clause in the Constitution gave the federal government power to "make all laws which shall be __ and __" to running the country
necessary and proper
Eventually, the Bank of the US was created. Congress said that, since a national bank was necessary and proper, it was an ___ power
In 1791, Congress angered Western farmers by putting a tax on ___
In response to the whiskey tax, what did Western farmers do?
How did Washington deal with the Whiskey Rebellion?
sent 15,000 troops and crushed it
Why did Washington's response to the Whiskey Rebellion worry some people?
He used American troops against American people
group of advisors to the president
prevented war and allowed peaceful trade between US and Britain (temporarily)
friendly treaty between US and Spain, giving US trade rights along Mississippi River
last battle of Northwest Indian War, US victory
Battle of Fallen Timbers
Treaty of Greenville gave US rights to __ for settlement
first three US presidents, in order
1 - George Washington
2 - John Adams
3 - Thomas Jefferson
laws signed by John Adams aimed at his political opponents
Alien and Sedition Acts
court case that established judicial review
Marbury vs. Madison
right of the Supreme Court to declare a law passed by Congress unconstititutional
Thomas Jefferson bought __ from Napoleon
__ and __ explored the Louisiana Territory
Lewis and Clark
British practice of kidnapping and using American sailors as soldiers
law lifting all US trade taxes except those relating to Britain or France
law temporarily lifting British trade embargoes, aimed at ending impressment
Macon's Bill #2
William Henry Harrison's victory over Tecumseh and other Native Americans
Battle of Tippecanoe
author of "Star-Spangled Banner"
Francis Scott Key
last battle of War of 1812, US victory
Battle of New Orleans
treaty that ended War of 1812
Treaty of Ghent