Ch. 6 Federalists and Republicans Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 6 Federalists and Republicans Deck (39):
1

What law required importers to pay tax on their cargo when it arrived in the US?

Tariff of 1789

2

Why did the Tariff of 1789 anger Southern planters?

They were charged more to ship their crops to Europe

3

Why did James Madison want to pass the Bill of Rights?

He hoped that they would build support for the new government among the people

4

How many amendments were there in the Bill of Rights?

12, but the states only approved 10

5

What did the first 8 amendments in the Bill of Rights do?

protect the rights of individuals against the government

6

What did the 9th amendment in the Bill of Rights do?

says that the people have all the rights not listed

7

What did the 10th amendment in the Bill of Rights do?

says that the states have all the powers not given to the federal government

8

____ believed it was good for the US to owe people money, because if people owned bonds, then they would want the US to be successful

Hamilton

9

a paper note issued by the government, promising to pay someone back with interest

bond

10

a person willing to take a risk for future gain

speculator

11

Hamilton asked Congress to create a national ___

bank

12

Hamilton believed that a national bank could do two important things...

- manage the country's debts and payments
- issue paper money

13

powers specifically given to the federal government in the Constitution

enumerated powers

14

___ argued that Congress could not create a national bank because creating a bank was not an enumerated power

Madison

15

A clause in the Constitution gave the federal government power to "make all laws which shall be __ and __" to running the country

necessary and proper

16

Eventually, the Bank of the US was created. Congress said that, since a national bank was necessary and proper, it was an ___ power

implied

17

In 1791, Congress angered Western farmers by putting a tax on ___

whiskey

18

In response to the whiskey tax, what did Western farmers do?

rebel

19

How did Washington deal with the Whiskey Rebellion?

sent 15,000 troops and crushed it

20

Why did Washington's response to the Whiskey Rebellion worry some people?

He used American troops against American people

21

group of advisors to the president

cabinet

22

prevented war and allowed peaceful trade between US and Britain (temporarily)

Jay's Treaty

23

friendly treaty between US and Spain, giving US trade rights along Mississippi River

Pinckney's Treaty

24

last battle of Northwest Indian War, US victory

Battle of Fallen Timbers

25

Treaty of Greenville gave US rights to __ for settlement

Ohio

26

first three US presidents, in order

1 - George Washington
2 - John Adams
3 - Thomas Jefferson

27

laws signed by John Adams aimed at his political opponents

Alien and Sedition Acts

28

court case that established judicial review

Marbury vs. Madison

29

right of the Supreme Court to declare a law passed by Congress unconstititutional

judicial review

30

Thomas Jefferson bought __ from Napoleon

Louisiana Territory

31

__ and __ explored the Louisiana Territory

Lewis and Clark

32

British practice of kidnapping and using American sailors as soldiers

impressment

33

law lifting all US trade taxes except those relating to Britain or France

Non-Intercourse Act

34

law temporarily lifting British trade embargoes, aimed at ending impressment

Macon's Bill #2

35

William Henry Harrison's victory over Tecumseh and other Native Americans

Battle of Tippecanoe

36

author of "Star-Spangled Banner"

Francis Scott Key

37

last battle of War of 1812, US victory

Battle of New Orleans

38

treaty that ended War of 1812

Treaty of Ghent

39

US hero of the Battle of Lake Erie

Oliver Perry