Ch 6, Lesson 1 - The Gold Rush Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 6, Lesson 1 - The Gold Rush Deck (28):
1


gold rush

huge  movement of people going to a place to look for gold

2


Sam brannan

traveled from San Francisco to Coloma to see if the stories about gold

 

3


Forty Niners

men and some women who traveled to California in search of gold.

4


Isthmus

narrow piece of land that connects two larger land aeas

5


claim

area a miner said belonged to him or her. miners marked off claim they put wooden stakes or posts around it. This was called staking a claim

6


Louise Clappe

moved with her husband from New England to the mining camps wrote about the truth of the gold rush

7

the 2nd route to California was by ship

 


it was the longest route and could take 3-8 months

8


Coloma

The banks of the American River

9


james Marshall

a worker at Sutter Mill who found the first gold nugget

10


John Sutter

had decided to build a sawmill hired workers while his workers were working they found the first gold nugget Marshall quickly reported the discovery to Sutter who tested the gold and it was gold

11

How did the lives of of Sutter workers change after they learned about gold

12

john sutter

13


how where africian americans part of the gold rush?


some came on their own. Others came as slaves from the south to mine gold. sometimes an owner would left a slave free if he found $2000 worth of gold.

14


1st route to California - isthmus of panama


narrow piece of land that connects North American and South America

15


how did forty niners travel across the isthmus


riverboat, mules and foot

some died in the hot climate. It they made it to the Pacific coast they caught ships to California

16


what were the 3 main routes to California from the United States


Isthmus of Panama

by ship

by land

17


3rd route to California-overland route


overland travelers had to cross deserts and mountain ranges. the challenges they faced were accidents, illnesses, lack of food and water

18

where did most 49ers come from


the US, Mexico, South America, Europe, Austrialia and Asia

 

1 and 4 gold seekers where chinese

19

what was the name chinese used for California gold rush


Gum Sam (Gold Mountain)

20

why did most 49ers head to California


to get rich quickly and return home. Some came to escape wars and other hardships in their homelands

21

Lu Ng


gold seeker who traveled from china to California because his crops had failed and flood had ruined his fields

22

what were the methods of searching for gold


dug wtih shovels, picks

used metal pans to search in rivers and streams. scoops up river, sand and gravel in shallow pan.

sometimes worked together with tool called babys craddle

23

how did louise clappe account of the gold rush different from earlier reports


earlier reports - miners got rich fast

clappe - miners could work really hard and still be poorer in the end. it was chance or luck to become rich

24

what are mining camps


camps set up where miners thought gold was.

25

how was life hard at the mining camps


tents and shacks didn't offer protection from rain, wind, and cold weather.

dirts streets filled with trash

little food and medicine

26


what did miners do for entertaining


play cards, read books, play music and sing songs, sit and talk.

 

27


how did miners spend Sundays


rest from mining

went to religious services

cleaning, doing chores and mending clothes

28

when was gold discovered in california