huge movement of people going to a place to look for gold
traveled from San Francisco to Coloma to see if the stories about gold
men and some women who traveled to California in search of gold.
narrow piece of land that connects two larger land aeas
area a miner said belonged to him or her. miners marked off claim they put wooden stakes or posts around it. This was called staking a claim
moved with her husband from New England to the mining camps wrote about the truth of the gold rush
the 2nd route to California was by ship
it was the longest route and could take 3-8 months
The banks of the American River
a worker at Sutter Mill who found the first gold nugget
had decided to build a sawmill hired workers while his workers were working they found the first gold nugget Marshall quickly reported the discovery to Sutter who tested the gold and it was gold
How did the lives of of Sutter workers change after they learned about gold
how where africian americans part of the gold rush?
some came on their own. Others came as slaves from the south to mine gold. sometimes an owner would left a slave free if he found $2000 worth of gold.
1st route to California - isthmus of panama
narrow piece of land that connects North American and South America
how did forty niners travel across the isthmus
riverboat, mules and foot
some died in the hot climate. It they made it to the Pacific coast they caught ships to California
what were the 3 main routes to California from the United States
Isthmus of Panama
3rd route to California-overland route
overland travelers had to cross deserts and mountain ranges. the challenges they faced were accidents, illnesses, lack of food and water
where did most 49ers come from
the US, Mexico, South America, Europe, Austrialia and Asia
1 and 4 gold seekers where chinese
what was the name chinese used for California gold rush
Gum Sam (Gold Mountain)
why did most 49ers head to California
to get rich quickly and return home. Some came to escape wars and other hardships in their homelands
gold seeker who traveled from china to California because his crops had failed and flood had ruined his fields
what were the methods of searching for gold
dug wtih shovels, picks
used metal pans to search in rivers and streams. scoops up river, sand and gravel in shallow pan.
sometimes worked together with tool called babys craddle
how did louise clappe account of the gold rush different from earlier reports
earlier reports - miners got rich fast
clappe - miners could work really hard and still be poorer in the end. it was chance or luck to become rich
what are mining camps
camps set up where miners thought gold was.
how was life hard at the mining camps
tents and shacks didn't offer protection from rain, wind, and cold weather.
dirts streets filled with trash
little food and medicine
what did miners do for entertaining
play cards, read books, play music and sing songs, sit and talk.
how did miners spend Sundays
rest from mining
went to religious services
cleaning, doing chores and mending clothes
when was gold discovered in california