Unit 4 - Lesson 4: An Agriculture Power Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 - Lesson 4: An Agriculture Power Deck (18):
1

what is commercial farms

farms where they grew crops to sell

2

export

sell products to another countries

3

how did the gold rush affect agriculture in California

there was a high demand on food, causing the prices to go up. More farms were started in Central California

4

why was California ideal for growing wheat

it had fertile valleys and long growing seasons

5

what is Mussel Slough

a disagreement when the railroad owners raised the price of land after they agreed to sell at a certain price to farmers

6

what is a tenant farmer

farmers who paid rent on land with money earned from the sale of their crops

7

who was Eliza and Luther Calvin Tibbets

orange farmers who planted trees they got from Brazil. They were juicy and did not have seeds. Known as Washington Navel oranges

8

what was the orange from Spain called

Valencia

9

When did valencia oranges rippen

summer.

10

what did the Washington and Valencia oranges allow farmers to do

grow oranges year round

11

what other citrus fruits were planted in California

lemons, grapefruit, and other citrus

12

who was Luther Burbank

scientists who mixed seeds from different plants creating new and better kinds of plants for farmers

13

how did refrigerated cars help the agriculture industry

the cards could move crops to markets in the East. In the past fruits and vegetables would spoil on the journey

14

how did farmers market

spread the word about importance of fruits and vegges with banners and decorating trains

15

what is the Wright Act

in 1887 a new law that allowed a group of farmers in a area to form an irrigation district. Farmers in that district could take water from rivers and build canals to move it to their farms

16

what is a canal

waterway dug across land

17

what is a levee

high wall made of earth to protect land from flooding

18

who is George Shima

known as the potato king. grew potatoes on land that was flooded in the San Joaquin river delta