Unit 4 lesson 1 - Links to the East Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 lesson 1 - Links to the East Deck (23):
1

communication

sending and receiving of information

2

stagecoach

enclosed wagon pulled by a team of horses

3

John Butterfield

started the stagecoach line called the overland mail act. owned a company called Overland Mail Company

4

telegraph

used electricity to send messages over wires sending messages across the country in minutes

5

Samuel F. B. Morse

created the morris code by using groups of dots and dashes or short and long signals to stand for the letters of the alphabet. operator spelled out words by tapping on a switch and the other operator changed them back into letters and words

6

how was mail delivered to California from the East

taken by ship to the Isthmus of Panama, carried across the land and put on another ship to California

7

how long could it take to get news from the east to California

months

8

how would faster mail improve life for Californians

they could connect better with the rest of the country. get news about national government

9

What is the overland mail act

helped pay for mail service between the Mississippi river and San Francisco. mail was to be delivered by stagecoach. started in 1857

10

what did the Overland Mail Company do

built new stagecoaches, created 200 stopping stations where stagecoach drivers could change horses, make repairs and eat

11

why was the stage coach ride for people unpleasant

the roads were rough and dusty, weather was hot in the summer and cold in the winter

12

when did the first overland mail stagecoach arrive in SF

October 10, 1858

13

How many miles did the first overland mail stagecoach travel and how many days did it take

traveled 2800 miles from Tipton Missouri to SF in 24 days

14

Why was the Pony Express created

to carry mail between Missouri to California in 10 days or less

15

How was the Pony Express able to get mail to California faster than other services

it was like a rely race each rider traveled about 75 miles before handing off to another rider. They rode day and night in every kind of weather

16

how often to the riders change horses on the Pony Express

every 10-12 miles

17

How long did the Pony Express last

fewer than 18 months carrying almost 35,000 letters

18

When did the Pony Express start and where

April 13, 1860 in St Joseph, Missouri

19

why was the Pony express put out of business

the telegraph was created in 1861

20

how did the operators send the messages

by morris code

21

When did the telegraph lines connect from San Francisco and Los Angeles

1860

22

When did the Western Union Telegraph Company finish the first telegraph line that connected California with the East

1861

23

What lasting effects did Stephen Field hope the telegraph would have on the East and West

it would strengthen the East and West to the United States