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Flashcards in Ch 9 Notes Deck (41):
1

Example of stereo type threat

Public school kids like Mansfield feel pressure to do well on act bc of stereotypes placed on minority's and standardized tests

2

Out group homogeneity

Noticing differences in ones group (in group) but categorizing the "out group" as similar in all aspects

3

Examples of out-group homogeneity

All ______ are alike

4

Illusory correlation

A false correlation, a correlation we thing exists but in reality is does not: based upon stereotypes

5

Illusory correlation example

Black kids part of gangs, st Petes kids rich

6

Self fulfilling prophecy

Living up to expectations placed upon you, whether good or bad

7

Example of self fulfilling prophecy

Black kids get bad grades

8

Mutual interdependency

Requires groups to work together to achieve a common goal

9

Example of mutual interdependency

Remember the Titans: black and white kids have to work together

10

Fundamental attribution error

When we try to explain someone's behavior based on their disposition

11

Fundamental attribution example

A guy walks feminine so he's gay

12

Blaming the victim

The tendency to blame the victim for what happened

13

Blaming the victim example

She was asking for it how she was dressed

14

Stereo type threat

A minority (group/individual) fears that they may act in such a way that reinforces a negatives reptile people (society) have placed upon them

15

Realistic conflict theory

When economic red courses are high, prejudice and aggression tends to be lower and when economic resources are low prejudice and aggression tends to be higher

16

Realistic conflict theory example

Lower cotton prices= higher number of lunches
Higher Cotten prices= lower number of lunches

17

Covert racism

Modern racism
Hidden
(Black woman Inqures about an apartment rental. Land lord says its been rented but really just doesn't want someone black)

18

Overt racism

Open racism
Kkk marches, burning crosses

19

Race

A distinct category of people who share certain biologically inherited physical characteristics

20

Ethnic group

A collection of people distinguished primarily on the basis of cultural and nationality characteristics

21

5 characteristics ethnic groups share

1. Unique cultural traits- language, clothing, holidays, religion
2. Sense of community- little Italy, Greek village, china town
3. A feeling of ethnocentrism- one minority is superior to others
4. An ascribed membership from birth- one is born into it
5. A sense of territoriality- same as community, by voice or for self protection

22

Prejudice

Attitude

23

Discrimination

Action

24

What is prejudice?

-negative attitude towards some minority's or its individual members
-can be related to strong emotional feelings or unchallenged false ideas/beliefs
-prejudice involves either it logic (a minority is either all good r all bad and everyone falls into that category)
-also involves over generlixations

25

What is discrimination

-unequal treatment of individuals based on their membership in some minority
-discrimination takes many forms (physical attacks and social exclusion)
-social contact

26

Three theory's of prejudice

1. Frustration aggression theory
2. Authoritarian personality theory
3. Social learning

27

Frustration-aggression theory

-Individuals frustrated in their efforts to achieve a desired goal might respond w a patternof aggression
-victims of the actions become scapegoats
-person/group incapable of offering resistance
-the reason why things are the way they are

28

Social learning

Prejudice is learned by observing/imitating significant others (negative remarks, derogatory jokes...)

29

Authoritarian personality theory

-highly prejudice people
-extreme anger towards minority groups
-they always believe in stereotypes

30

Roberts Mertons theory of discrimination

1. Unprejudiced non-discriminatory
2. Unprejudiced descriminatory
3. Prejudice discriminatory
4. Prejudiced non-discriminatory

31

Unprejudiced non-discriminator

No personal prejudice and does not discriminate against others

32

Unprejudiced discriminator

No personal prejudice; engages in discrimination because of economic, political, or social interests

33

Prejudiced non-discriminator

Hold personal prejudice; does not discriminate due to and/or legal demands, or desire for profits

34

Prejudice discriminator

Holds personal prejudice and discriminates

35

Individual discrimination

-one on one acts by members of the dominate group (failure to rent/sell/lease to someone of a different race)

36

Institutional discrimination

-day to day practices by organizations and institutions that impact members of the subordinate group (a bank denying loans to minorities)

37

Two types of institutionalized discrimination

-direct institutionalism
-indirect institutionalism

38

Direct institutionalism

Purposeful intent to deprive a minority group (Jim grow laws)

39

Indirect institutionalization

Unintentional actions to deprive a minority group
(Seniority systems thay discriminate against the promotion of newly hired workers

40

Why have African Americans remained a target for so long?

-African Americans are physically identifiable
-it is difficult for African Americans to absorb into the larger society (unlike white minorities)
-the natuee of slavery: A) no upward mobility until 1865 end of civil war (born slave->die slave no move up) B) segregation/Jim crow 1865-1965

41

Key point

With the passage of the civil rights bill in the 1965 African Americans have known TRUE legal freedom only 5- years