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Flashcards in Sociolofyfam-notes Deck (61):
1

What is a family

The family is the most basic social institution in society

2

Family

A relatively perms arm group of people connected by ancestral lineage, marriage, or adoption

3

Types of family organizations

1. Nuclear family
2. Extended family
3. Modified extended family
4. Kinship groups

4

Nuclear family

-consists of parents and kids
-they life together but apart from other family members
-people in N.F. Actually belong to two families

5

What two families do nuclear families consist of?

Family of orientation
Family of procreation

6

Family of orientation

Family people belong to as a family, where you receive your initial orientation into society

7

Family of procreation

Family of marriage

8

Extended family

-family members of several generations who share a household (grandparents, cousins aunts, uncles)
-they are economically and emotionally blind to one another
-there are two types of extended family

9

Two types of extended family

Joint extended
Fertile extended family

10

Joint extended family

Common is rural America: children may stay on farm land after marriage; build own house; help work the land

11

Vertical extended family

Aging parents living w adult children and their families

12

Modified extended family

Different generations do not necessarily live under the same roof but keeping contact is important
1) family always at your house
2) family connected via social media

13

Kinship group

-a complex network of people
-social relationship based on a common ancestry, marriage, and or adoption
(In laws, God parents)
-kG include all your relatives, this who you see often and those who you only see at events

14

Four ways related to people

Consanguineal
Affinal
Adoptive
Fictive

15

Consaguineal

People related by biological ties (parents kids blood relatives)

16

Affinal

People related by marriage (spouses blood relatives)

17

Adoptive

People related through adoptive process

18

Fictive

People related by spiritual ties or ritual or friendship (FOD parents, close family friends you call uncle/aunt)

19

4 patters of residency

Patrilocal
Matrilocal
Bi-local
Neo-local

20

Patrilocal

Married couples live by husbands family
2/3 of the worlds societies practice this pattern

21

Matrilocal

Married couples live by wife's family

22

Bi-local

Husband and wife have equal say in which family they live by

23

Neo-local

Common in industrialized societies
Family of marriage establishes their home without regard of where their families of orientation live

24

What is the steady rate of divorce

51%

25

What percentage of the adult population is currently divorced

13%

26

What percent of adults have been divorced at least once

25%

27

In the age group of 35-45 what percent has been divorced

30%

28

What four factors contribute to divorce

Teenage marriage
Dissimilar social backgrounds
Ease of obtaining a divorce
Dual-earner families

29

Teenage marriage

Divorce rates are 2/3 loser among women who marry after the age of 25 (compared to teens)
Pregnant teens have a 72% divorce rate

30

Pregnant teens divorce rate

72%

31

Dissimilar social backgrounds

Differences in values or lifestyle prior to marriage can magnify problems

32

Ease of obtaining a divorce

Changing laws
"No fault" divorces
The social stigma attached to divorce has lessened

33

Dual earner families

It's easier to leave an unhappy marriage when both families are able to support themselves
Devotion to the pursuit of careers leads many to grow apart

34

Four problems associated w divorce

Feelings of personal failure
Loneliness and financial hardships
A child's feeling of grief, guilt, and abandonment
Child custody issues

35

What percent of U.S. Kids under 18 are living in a home w 2 married parents in their first marriage?

45%

36

What percent of U.S. Kids under 18 lived in a home w two parents in their first marriage in 1960

74%

37

What percent of U.S. Kids under 18 lived in a home w two parents in their first marriage in 1980

63%

38

What percent of U.S. Kids under 18 lived in a home w two parents in their first marriage in 2000

55%

39

What percentage of kids were born outside of marriage in 1960

5%

40

What percent are born outside of marriage in 2015

43%

41

What percent of children today are living w an unmarried parent

39%

42

What percent of children were living w an unmarried parent in 1960

9%

43

What percent of children were living w an unmarried parent in 1980

19%

44

What percent of children were living w an unmarried parent in 1998

30%

45

What percent of single parent households headed by mothers

84%

46

What percent of single mothers were never married

49%

47

What percent of the 1.6 million children were born out of wedlock were to females under 20? (2013)

17%

48

What percent of children born outside of wedlock were born to women 20-40 (2013)

37%

49

What women are more likely to have children outside marriage than other racial groups

Blacks

50

What percent of births to black women were non marital births

72%

51

What percent more than 42000 adoptions were to single females (2000)

33%

52

What percent of more than 42000 adoptions were to single fathers (2000)

3%

53

Problems of the single parent family

Life in SPF can be very "rich" emotionally but some problems still exist
Providing adequate childcare is difficult if the parent is employed
43% of SPF are on welfare or gov assistant
84% of teens hospitalized for psychiatric care come from SPF
Children living without a fathers influence are 11x more likely to exhibit violent misbehaviors in school and/or social settings

54

What perfect of SPF are on welfare or government assistant

43%

55

What perfect of teens hospitalized for psychiatric care come from SPF

84%

56

Blended family

A family in which at leader one of the adults is a step parent

57

What ratio of U.S. Families are blended family

1 in 5

58

What ratio of young people will become step children by 2020

Between 1/3 and 1/2

59

Statistics on kids living w original married parents

74,63,55,45

60

Born outside of marriage

5,43

61

W unmarried parents

9,19,30,39