Flashcards in Chapter 10 book Deck (21):
An awareness of being masculine or feminine based in culture
The belief that behavioral differences are the result of inherited physical characteristics
The process in which girls and boys learn to act "the way they're supposed to act"
A set of beliefs, attitudes, norms, and values used to justify gender inequality
Occupational sex segregation
Women bring concentrated in lower status occupations
When the unequal distribution of of scarce resources (power, wealth, prestige) in society is based on age
A set of beliefs, attitudes, norms, and values used to justify prejudice and discrimination against a particular age group.
Groups organized to influence political decision making
Biological distinction between male and female
Soul question in defining sex vs gender
Nature vs nurture
What was Margaret meads case? (1950)
Looked at 3 tribes. Arapesh all were feminine. Mundugumor all were masculine. Tchambuli, two genders were opposite. Conclusion: society determines it.
Functionalist view on gender/sex
Devision of sex has stuck around bc it was necessary bc men weren't as necessary, bigger, and stronger for work women not. Now this isn't necessary anymore.
Conflict theory on gender
Conflict say sexes are separated so men can keep control (i.e. Talaban) Used to be necessary to separate bc men were stronger but no longer necessary now women should choose even if not "functional" for society
Symbolic interactionism on gender
Girls and boys are taught how they're supposed to act through school, family, peers, and media.
How do parents teach you to be your gender
Toys and clothes the child wears. Girls cuddled more, boys less. Family chores.
How do schools reinforce gender socialization?
Teachers accept answers called out by boys but not girls. Clothing styles, school elections, social functions, after school activities. Girls no math and science boys yes math and science.
How do peers contribute?
Mirror how their classmates act. Peers only accept masculine boys and feminine girls.
Examples of women unfairly treated
No pregnancy related covered Med costs
Can't keep surname
Limit hours and conditions women can work under
Amount of weight they can lift
Prostitution only enforced for women
Not as many political positions
Functionalism and ageism
Old ppl treated based on how they contribute. Some cultures honor bc they're wise our culture wants to get them out so we can take their jobs.
Conflict theory about ageism
Competition for resources lies at the heart of ageism. We want their jobs so we kick them out.