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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (28):
1

5 key factors of a minority

1. Have distinctive physical or cultural characteristics which can be used to separate it from the majority
2. Is dominated by the majority
3. Minority traits are often believed by the dominate majority to be inferior
4. Members of the minority have a common sense of identity, with strong group loyalty
5. The majority determines who belongs to the minority's through ascribed status

2

Race

Share certain biologically inherited physical characteristics that are considered equally important within society

3

Ethnic minority

Identified by Cultural and national identity

4

Ethnocentrism

Negative attitudes towards ethnic minorities. Involves judging others in terms of ones own cultural standards

5

Assimilation

Refers to the blending or fusing of minority groups into the dominant society

6

4 forms of assimilation

1. Anglo-conformity
2. Melting pot
3. Cultural pluralism (tossed salad)
4. Accommodation

7

Anglo-conformity

Traditional American institutions are maintained. Immigrants are accepted as long as they conform to the "accepted standards" of the society

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Melting pot

All ethnic and racial minorities voluntarily blend together

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Cultural pluralism- Tossed salad

Traditions and cultures exist side by side

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Accommodation

Extreme form of cultural pluralism. Occurs when minorities maintain their own culturally unique way of life.

11

Gencocide

Systematic effort to destroy an entire population

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Popular transfer

When a minority is forced to either move to a remote location or leave entirely the territory controlled by the minority

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Subjugation

Denied equal access to the cultural and lifestyle of a larger majority

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De jur subjugation

Denied equal treatment by law

15

De facto segregation

Denied equal treatment in face of law

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Prejudice

Widely held pre conceptions of a group and its members

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Racism

Extreme prejudice, not only involves judging people unfairly but also assume that a persons own race and ethnicity is superior

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Discrimination

Acting upon those opinions by treating people unfairly

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Hate crimes

Criminal act motivated by extreme prejudice

20

Stereotypes

Set of ideas based on distortion, exaggerations and oversimplification that is applied to all members of a group.

21

Self-fulfilling prophecy

An expectation that leads to behavior that then causes the expectation that becomes a reality

22

Two stages in the learning of prejudice

1. Pregeneralized learning period
2. Total rejection stage

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Pregeneralization leaning period

Children may overhear parents make racist or prejudiced statements, but they have not yet learned to separate people by race or ethnic group.

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Total rejection stage

Able to use physical clues to sort people into groups. If they constantly hear their parents malign a minority children will reject the minority completely.

25

Institutionalized discrimination

Type of discrimination which results from unfair practices that are part of the structure society and that have grown out of traditional, accepted behaviors

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Hidden unemployment

Unemployment that includes people not counted in the traditional unemployment categories

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Underclass

People typically unemployed who come from families that have been poor for generations

28

Minority

Group of people who because of their physical or cultural characteristics are singled out from others in society in they live tie differential and unequal treatment and who therefor regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination