Ch.8 Emotion & Motivation Flashcards Preview

Introduction to Psychology > Ch.8 Emotion & Motivation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.8 Emotion & Motivation Deck (31):
1

Multidimensional Scaling

Map emotional experiencies

2

Emotion

Positive or negative experience that is associated with a particular pattern of physiological activity

3

James-Lange

Stimulus triggers activity in the body which in turn produces an emotional experience in the brain

4

Cannon-Bard

Stimulus simultaneously triggers activity in the body and emotional experience in the brain

5

Schachter & Singer Two-Factor

Different emotions are merely different interpretations of a single pattern of bodily activity; emotions based on inferences of physiological arousal

6

Appraisal

Evaluation of the emotion-relevant aspects of a stimulus; amygdala is critical to this appraisal

7

Emotion Regulation

Strategies people use to influence their own emotional experience

8

Reappraisal

Changing one's emotional experience by changing the way one thinks about the emotion-eliciting stimulus

9

Emotional Expression

Observable sign of an emotional state

10

Universality Hypothesis

Emotional expressions have the same meaning for everyone

11

Facial Feedback Hypothesis

Emotional expressions can cause the emotional experiences they signify

12

Display Rule

Norm for the appropriate expression of emotion

13

Motivation

Purpose for or psychological cause of an action

14

Hedonic Principle

People are motivated to experience pleasure and avoid plain

15

Instinct

Faculty of acting in such a way as to produce certain ends, without foresight of the ends, and without previous education in the performance

16

Drive

Internal State caused by physiological needs.

17

Homeostasis

Tendency for a system to take action to keep itself in a particular state

18

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Organize the list of human urges

19

Bulimia Nervosa

Eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging

20

Anorexia Nervosa

Eating disorder characterized by an intense fear of being fat and severe restriction of food intake

21

Difficulties of Dieting

(1) Fat cells stay
(2) Metabolism is difficult to affect

22

Human Sexual Response Cycle

Stages of physiological arousal during sexual activity: (1) Excitement phase (2) Plateau phase (3) Orgasm phase (4) Resolution phase

23

Intrinsic Motivation

Motivation to take actions that are themselves rewarding

24

Extrinsic Motivation

Motivation to take actions that lead to reward

25

Conscious Motivations

Motivations of which people are aware

26

Unconscious Motivations

Motivations of which people are not aware

27

Need for Achievement

Motivation to solve worthwhile problems

28

Approach Motivation

Motivation to experience positive outcome

29

Avoidance Motivation

Motivation not to experience a negative outcome

30

Terror Management Theory

Theory about how people respond to knowledge of their own mortality

31

Mortality-Salience Hypothesis

Prediction that people who are reminded of their own mortality will work to reinforce their worldviews