Ch.12 Personality Flashcards Preview

Introduction to Psychology > Ch.12 Personality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.12 Personality Deck (28):
1

Personality

Individual characteristic style of behaving, thinking and feeling

2

Self-Report

Method in which people provide subjective info about their own thoughts, feelings or behaviors

3

Minnesota Multi-phasic Personality Inventory

Well-researched clinical questionnaire used to assess personality and psychological problems

4

Projective Tests

Tests designed to reveal inner aspects of individuals' personalities by analysis of their responses to a standard series of ambiguous stimuli

5

Rorschach Inkblot Test

Projective technique in which respondents' inner thoughts and feelings are believed to be revealed by analysis of their responses to a set of unstructured inkblots

6

Thematic Apperception Test

Projective technique in which respondents' underlying motives, concerns and the way they see the social world are believed to be revealed through analysis of the stories they make up about ambiguous pictures of people

7

Trait

Relatively stable disposition to behave in a particular and consistent way

8

Big Five

Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism

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Psychodynamic Approach

Regards personality as formed by needs, strivings and desires largely operating outside of awareness

10

Psychosexual Stages

Distinct early life stages through which personality is formed as children experience sexual pleasures from specific body areas and caregivers redirect or interfere with those pleasures

11

Fixation Stage

Pleasure-seeking drives become stuck or arrested

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Oral Stage

Experience centers on the pleasures and frustrations associated with the mouth

13

Anal Stage

Centered on anus

14

Phallic Stage

Centered on genital region and powerful feelings (Oedipus conflict

15

Latency Stage

Focus on skills

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Genital Stage

Coming together of the mature adult personality

17

Self-actualizing Tendency

Human motive toward realizing inner potential

18

Existential Approach

Personality as governed by an individual's ongoing choices and decisions in the context of the realities of life and death

19

Social Cognitive Approach

How person thinks about situations encountered in daily life and behaves in response to them

20

Person-Situation Controversy

Question of whether behavior is caused more by personality or by situational factors

21

Personal Constructs

Dimensions people use in making sense of their experiences

22

Outcome Expectancies

Person's assumptions about the likely consequences of a future behavior

23

Locus of Control

Tendency to perceive the control of rewards as internal to the self or external in the environment

24

Self-Concept

A person's explicit knowledge of his or her own behaviors, traits and other personal characteristics

25

Self-Verification

Tendency to seek evidence to confirm the self-concept

26

Self-Esteem

Extent to which an individual likes, values and accepts the self

27

Self-Serving Bias

People tend to take credit for their successes but downplay responsibility for their failures

28

Narcissim

Grandiose view of the self combined with a tendency to seek admiration from and exploit others