Chapter 1 Psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Psychology Deck (39):
1

Mind

Private inner experience of perceptions, thoughts, memories, feelings

2

Behaviour

Observable actions

3

Structuralism

Break mind into basic components

4

Functionalism

How mental abilities allow people to adapt to environments

5

Plato

Favoured nativism, certain knowledge is inborn

6

Aristotle

Favoured philosophical empiricism, knowledge is acquired through experience

7

Rene Descartes

Mind and body are different things

8

Thomas Hobbes

Mind and body are not different at all

9

Franz Joseph Gall

Phrenology

10

Jean Marie Piere Flourens

Removed parts of the brain of animals

11

Paul Broca

Damage to a part of the brain impaired a specific mental function

12

Hermann von Hemholtz

Stimulus and recorded reaction time

13

Wilhelm Wundt

Analyzing consciousness through introspection as well as reaction time techniques

14

Edward Titchener

An Outline of Psychology

15

William James

Trying to isolate particular moments of consciousness distorted its nature

16

Charles Darwin

Natural selection

17

Charcot & Janet

Hysteria, temporary loss of cognitive and motor functions from emotionally upsetting experiences

18

Sigmund Freud

Psychoanalytic theory, emphasizes the importance of the unconscious mind in shaping feelings, thoughts and behaviours

19

Maslow & Rogers

Humanistic psychology, understadnign human nature that emphasizes positive potential

20

Behaviourism

Restrict to observable behaviour

21

John B. Watson

Goal of psychology is to predict and control behaviours in ways that benefit society; Little Albert case

22

Margaret Washburn

Conscious mental experiences of animals

23

Burrhus Skinner

Reinforcement

24

Max Wertheimer

Study of illusions, errors of perceptions, memory or judgement in which subjective experience differs from objective reality

25

Gestalt Psychology

Approach that emphasizes that we perceive the whole rather than the sum of parts

26

Frederic Bartlett

Memory

27

Jean Piaget

Perceptual and cognitive errors in children

28

Kurt Lewin

Person's behaviour could be predicted by understanding person's subjective experience of the world

29

Cognitive Psychology

Study of mental processes, including perception, thought, memory and reasoning

30

Donald Broadbent

Pay attention to several things at once

31

Noam Chomsky

Language relies on mental rules

32

Ulric Neisser

Book on cognitive psychology

33

Karl Lashley

Precise spot where learning occurred

34

Behavioural Neuroscience

Approach that links psychological processes to activities in the nervous system

35

Cognitive Neuroscience

Understand the links between cognitive processes and the brain

36

Evolutionary Psychology

Mind and behaviour in terms of adaptive value of abilities that are preserved over time by natural selection

37

Social Psychology

Causes and consequences of sociality

38

Gordon Allport

Stereotyping, prejudice and racism

39

Cultural Psychology

How cultures reflect and shape the psychological processes of members