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Flashcards in Ch_23A_Lower_Plants Deck (88)
1

1rst land plant in fossil record

Liverworts

2

Do liverworts have phlome or xylem for transport of H2O/sugar

no

3

How do liverworts prevent dehydration

cuticle

4

Liverworts have a dominant sporo/gameto phyte generation

gametophyte

5

_ anchor liverwort plants

Rhizoids

6

where do Liverwort swimming sperm form

Antheridia

7

Where do eggs form in Liverworts

Archegonia

8

Where do Liverwort spores from

sporophyte capsule

9

Gemmae Cup

used by liverworts to reproduce asexually

10

Gemmae cups are produced by mitosis/meiosis

mitosis

11

what hits the gemmae cup to cause clone to fall out

rain

12

nonvascular land plant

mosses

13

do mosses have xylem or phloem?

no

14

mosses have a dominant _ generation

gametophyte

15

what do mosses use to reproduce

spores

16

do moss have swimming sperm

yes

17

where are moss swimming sperm produced

antheridia

18

where are moss eggs formed

archegonia

19

where do moss spores from

sporophyte capsule

20

what grows from moss spores

protonema

21

Mnium type

moss

22

Marchantia type

liverwort

23

1st vascular plants

Phylum Rhyniophyta - Cooksonia

24

Rhyniophyta other term

Cooksonia

25

Liverwort phylum

Bryophyta

26

Moss phylum

Bryophyta

27

Cooksonia phylum

Rhyniophyta

28

Cooksonia sporophyte/gametophyte dominant

sporophyte

29

when did Cooksonia flourish

400 million years ago

30

Is Rhyniophyta extinct?

yes

31

how tall was Cooksonia?

6.5 cm

32

did Cooksonia have leaves or roots

no

33

how did nutrients get to ground stem on cooksonia

Mycorrhiza

34

Cooksonia rhizome

ground stem

35

Phlyum Lycophyta common term

Club Moss

36

Lycophyta is Sporo/Gameto phyte dominant

Gametophyte

37

Why was Lychophyta named

large strobilus

38

Epiphyte

plant that grows off other plant but does not hurt it - commensualism

39

Strobilus

spore bearing structure

40

1st vascular plant with roots and leaves

Lycophyta

41

Many species of Lycophytes are _ _

tropical epiphytes

42

Lycopodium common word

Ground Pine

43

How does Lycophyta have vegetative growth

stems/rhizomes

44

Saliginella common word

Resurrection Plant

45

Saliginella phylum

Lycophyta

46

Phylum Pteridophyta groups

Whisk Ferns, Horsetails

47

does Pteridophyta have leaves or roots

no

48

what do Rhizomes have to gain nutrient

mycorrhiza symbiosis

49

Most species of Pteridophyta are _

epiphytes

50

Pteridophyta are Gametophyte/Sporophyte dominant

Sporophyte

51

Pteridophyta sperm _

swim

52

Pteridophyta reproduce with _ and not with _

spores, seeds

53

Pteridophyta common term

Horsetails

54

what tissue are used by Pteridophyta to photosynthesize

epidermal tissue

55

Psilotum example of

Whisk Ferns

56

Trees in ancient forests (dinosaur era)

Horsetails

57

Horsetails phylum

Pteridophyta

58

Horsetails have _ that is hard for defense and support

Silica

59

Scouring Rushes

named from Silica in Horsetails

60

where are leaves located on Horsetails

stem joints aka nodes

61

Where is the Strobilus on Horsetails

top

62

only living genus of Horsetails

Equisetum

63

True Ferns phylum

Pteridophyta

64

True ferns have leafy _

fronds

65

Most common spore bearing plant in terms of number of species and shear numbers

True Ferns

66

Sori

structures that are clusters of sporangia on True Ferns

67

Where are Sori located?

under the fronds of True Ferns

68

Where do spores develop on True Ferns

in sporangia

69

What shape is the gametophyte of True Ferns

heart

70

heart shaped gametophyte of True Fernms

prothallus

71

where do True Fern spores grow

ground

72

Fiddle heads are a type of _

True Fern

73

How do Fiddle Heads have vegetative growth

from rhizomes

74

Ferns are _ plants and prefer _ and _

swamp, warmth, moisture

75

Where do True Ferns occupy and why

lower canopy, prefer low to medium light

76

What percent of water is absorbed for True Ferns through fronds

50

77

Lower Plants very distinguishing charecterstic

Spore Bearers

78

Liverworts time start

500 mya

79

Hornworts time start

470 mya

80

Mosses time start

440 mya

81

Lycohphytes time start

420 mya

82

Pterophytes time start

390 mya

83

Gymnosperms time start

305 mya

84

Angiosperms time start

305 mya

85

Liverwort thallus structure shape

leaf-like

86

3 Members of Bryophyta

liverworts, mosses, hornworts

87

Member of Lycophyta

club moss

88

3 members of Pteridophyta aka fern family

Whisk ferns, True ferns, Horsetails