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Flashcards in Ch_22_Fungi Deck (92)
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1

Mycology

The study of fungi

2

Number of Fungi Species

80,000

3

Are yeasts unicellular or multicellular

unicellular

4

Do Fungi photosynthesize

no

5

What are Fungi cell walls made of

chitin

6

How do Fungi store energy

glycogen

7

How do fungi obtain nutrition

secrete digestive enzymes, molecules brokendown and absorbed

8

Saprotrophic decomposers

break down wastes/remains of plants/animals

9

Most fungi are _ decomposers

saprotrophic

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mycelium

whole fungus

11

_ grow from spores and form the mycelium

hyphae filaments

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Fairy Ring

fungal mycelia growing outward in a circle

13

cell wall partitions

septa

14

septa

cell wall partitions

15

nonseptate fungi

lack septa in hyphae

16

how do cytoplasm and organelles pass in septate fungi cytoplasm

pores

17

in fungus reproduction, a specific portion of the _ becomes a reproductive structure supported by rest of mycelium

mycelium

18

This Fungus Phylum has flagellated spores

Chytridiomycota

19

Another word for Phylum Chytridiomycota

water molds

20

May resemble first fungi to have evolved

Chytridiomycota

21

Aquatic fungi with flagellated zoospores

Chytrids

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Most Chytrids are a, but some are b

decomposers, parasitic

23

linked to the decline of frog populations

Chytridiomycota

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Rhizopus

common bread mold, belongs to phylum Zygomycota

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Does Rhizopus produce asexual or sexual spores

both

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Prudoced as Zygomycota fungus begins to grow and spread

asexual sporangia

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_spores form as food is depleted

Zygo

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How is a Zygomycota zygote formed

hyphae from different strains (+ & -) fuse

29

Zygomycota spores are covered with _ for protection

protein

30

how long can the Zygomocata spores live for

months