Ch_22_Fungi Flashcards Preview

Bio 2 > Ch_22_Fungi > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch_22_Fungi Deck (92)
1

Mycology

The study of fungi

2

Number of Fungi Species

80,000

3

Are yeasts unicellular or multicellular

unicellular

4

Do Fungi photosynthesize

no

5

What are Fungi cell walls made of

chitin

6

How do Fungi store energy

glycogen

7

How do fungi obtain nutrition

secrete digestive enzymes, molecules brokendown and absorbed

8

Saprotrophic decomposers

break down wastes/remains of plants/animals

9

Most fungi are _ decomposers

saprotrophic

10

mycelium

whole fungus

11

_ grow from spores and form the mycelium

hyphae filaments

12

Fairy Ring

fungal mycelia growing outward in a circle

13

cell wall partitions

septa

14

septa

cell wall partitions

15

nonseptate fungi

lack septa in hyphae

16

how do cytoplasm and organelles pass in septate fungi cytoplasm

pores

17

in fungus reproduction, a specific portion of the _ becomes a reproductive structure supported by rest of mycelium

mycelium

18

This Fungus Phylum has flagellated spores

Chytridiomycota

19

Another word for Phylum Chytridiomycota

water molds

20

May resemble first fungi to have evolved

Chytridiomycota

21

Aquatic fungi with flagellated zoospores

Chytrids

22

Most Chytrids are a, but some are b

decomposers, parasitic

23

linked to the decline of frog populations

Chytridiomycota

24

Rhizopus

common bread mold, belongs to phylum Zygomycota

25

Does Rhizopus produce asexual or sexual spores

both

26

Prudoced as Zygomycota fungus begins to grow and spread

asexual sporangia

27

_spores form as food is depleted

Zygo

28

How is a Zygomycota zygote formed

hyphae from different strains (+ & -) fuse

29

Zygomycota spores are covered with _ for protection

protein

30

how long can the Zygomocata spores live for

months

31

Dung Mold

Pilobolus

32

Pilobolus Phylum

Zygomycota

33

Cow won't eat grass near dung, how does Pilobolus get cows to eat spores

spore cap on water sac grows, water heats up and shoots out spore

34

Ring of Repugnance

area of grass where cows won't eat

35

Phylum Ascomycota

the sac fungi

36

Morel Phylum

Ascomycota

37

Yeasts Phylum

Ascomycota

38

Penicillum Phylum

Ascomycota

39

Peziza Phylum

Ascomycota

40

Contain 75% of known fungi species

Asycomycota

41

Ascocarp

structure on Ascomycota species that holds asci sacs and associated ascospore

42

Where do sexual ascospores form in Ascomycota species

asci sacs

43

Asexual reproduction in Ascomycota species

asexual conidiospores form in conidia

44

conidia

pod-like structures supported by conidiophores

45

where are conidiophores found

end of hyphae filaments

46

when was Penicillin discovered

1928

47

Who discovered Penicillin

Alexander Fleming

48

how does Penicillin work as an antibiotic

digestive enzymes kill/deter bacterial growth

49

Fungus Roquefort blue cheese is made from

Penicillium roquefortii

50

Truffle grow underground on plant roots, how do they disperse spores

emit smell that attracts animals to ingest and spread them

51

Truffle Phylum

Ascomycota

52

How do yeast reproduce asexually

budding

53

How do yeast reproduce sexually

cell fusion and karyogamy in ascus

54

yeast ferment _ to produce alcohol and CO2

sugars

55

human uses for yeast

brewing, baking

56

all yeast are not parasitic T/F

F

57

Cause of yeast infections in adult males/females

Candida

58

Ascomycota genus that causes Toenail Fungus

Trichophyton

59

Ascomycota species that causes Foot Fungus

Trichophyton rubrum

60

Lichen

mutualism between ascomycota fungi and green algea/cyanobacteria

61

What does Fungi receive from algae in Lichen

sugars

62

What does Algae receive form Fungi in lichen

water and nutrients

63

Lichens can live in adverse conditions T/F

T

64

Lichens are robust to air pollution

F

65

Soredia

little sacs emitted from lichens that contain fungal hyphae and at least one algal cell

66

The Club Fungi

Phylum Basidiomycota

67

Mushroom Phylum

Basidiomycota

68

Shelf fungi Phylum

Basidiomycota

69

Puffball Phylum

Basidiomycota

70

_ consist of gill/pores cap with a stem

mushrooms

71

Mushroom spores produced on the _ on the gills

basidia

72

Spores on mushrooms produced on basidia by _

meiosis

73

Where do mushroom spores fuse

in the soil

74

Are mushroom spores haploid or diploid

haploid

75

Amanita mushrooms are toxic T/F

T

76

Psilocybes can cause _

hallucinations

77

When puffball fungus puff spores

wind gusts or animal movements

78

where do spores puff from on puffball fungus

fruiting bodies

79

Phylum Glomeromycota main trait

asexual plant symbionts

80

Glomeromycota are _ _ _

obligate mutualistic symbiosis

81

Where do Glomeromycota grow

tips of tree roots

82

What percent of plant families found to have relationship with Glomeromycota

90

83

Plants gain _ from glomeromycota

nutrients from soil

84

glomeromycota receive _ from plant root

sugar

85

glomeromycotae necessary when transplanting trees T/F

T

86

Arbuscular Mycorrhizae phylum

Glomeromycota

87

_% of known plant species have relationship with Arbascular mycorrhizae

70

88

Arbascular mycorrhizae hyphae _ plant root cells and _ into the soil

penetrate, extend

89

Arbascular mycorrhizae charecterstics

aseptate, asexual reproduction, enable plants to colonize land

90

This Glomeromycota genus is found in many species of forest trees

Ectomycorrhiza

91

tree examples with Ectomycorrhiza

Pine, Oak, Willow, and Birch

92

Ectomycorrhiza hyphae _ and _ penetrate the plant root

surrond, do not