Chap 11 Resp System Flashcards Preview

Cohen Medical Terminology > Chap 11 Resp System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 11 Resp System Deck (90):
1

ROOT
nas/o

ROOT FOR
nose

2

ROOT
rhin/o

ROOT FOR
nose

3

ROOT
pharyng/o

ROOT FOR
pharynx

4

ROOT
laryng/o

ROOT FOR
larynx

5

ROOT
trache/o

ROOT FOR
trachea

6

ROOT
bronch/o,
bronch/i

ROOT FOR
bronchus

7

ROOT
bronchiol

ROOT FOR
bronchiole

8

ROOT
phren/o

ROOT FOR
diaphragm

9

ROOT
phrenic/o

ROOT FOR
phrenic nerve

10

ROOT
pleur/o

ROOT FOR
pleura

11

ROOT
pulm/o,
pulmon/o

ROOT FOR
lung

12

ROOT
pneumon/o

ROOT FOR
lung

13

ROOT
pneum/o,
pneumat/o

ROOT FOR
air, gas; also respiration, lung

14

ROOT
spir/o

ROOT FOR
breathing

15

SUFFIX
-pnea

SUFFIX FOR
breathing

16

SUFFIX
-oxia

SUFFIX FOR
level of oxygen

17

SUFFIX
-capnia

SUFFIX FOR
level of carbon dioxide

18

SUFFIX
-phonia

SUFFIX FOR
voice

19

SUFFIX FOR
level of O2 or CO2 IN THE BLOOD


SUFFIX
-emia

20

adenoids

Lymphoid tissue located in the nasopharynx; the pharyngeal tonsils

21

alveoli

The tiny air sacs in the lungs through which gases are exchanged between the atmosphere and the blood in respiration

22

bronchiole

One of the smaller subdivisions of the bronchial tubes

23

bronchus

One of the larger air passageways in the lungs.

24

carbon dioxide (CO2)

A gas produced by energy metabolism in cells and eliminated through the lungs

25

carbonic acid

An acid formed by carbon dioxide when it dissolves in water; H2CO3

26

compliance

A measure of how easily the lungs expand under pressure.

27

diaphragm

The dome-shaped muscle under the lungs that flattens during inspiration

28

epiglottis

A leaf-shaped cartilage that covers the larynx during swallowing to prevent food from entering the trachea

29

expectoration

The act of coughing up material from the respiratory tract; also the material thus released; sputum

30

expiration

The act of breathing out or expelling air from the lungs; exhalation

31

glottis

The opening between the vocal cords

32

hemoglobin

The iron-containing pigment in red blood cells that transports oxygen

33

inspiration

The act of drawing air into the lungs; inhalation

34

larynx

The enlarged upper end of the trachea that contains the vocal cords

35

lung

A cone-shaped spongy organ of respiration contained within the thorax

36

mediastinum

The space between the lungs together with the organs contained in this space

37

nose

The organ of the face used for breathing and for housing receptors for the sense of smell; includes an external portion and an internal nasal cavity

38

oxygen (O2)

The gas needed by cells to release energy from food during metabolism

39

palatine tonsils

The paired masses of lymphoid tissue located on either side of the oropharynx; usually meant when the term tonsils is used alone

40

pharynx

The throat; a common passageway for food entering the esophagus and air entering the larynx

41

phrenic nerve

The nerve that activates the diaphragm

42

pleura

A double-layered membrane that lines the thoracic cavity (parietal) and covers the lungs (visceral)

43

pleural space

The thin, fluid-filled space between the two layers of the pleura

44

pulmonary ventilation

The movement of air into and out of the lungs

45

sinus

A cavity or channel

46

sputum

The substance released by coughing or clearing the throat; expectoration.

47

surfactant

A substance that decreases surface tension within the alveoli and eases lung expansion.

48

trachea

The air passageway that extends from the larynx to the bronchi

49

turbinate bones

The bony projections in the nasal cavity that contain receptors for the sense of smell. Also called conchae

50

vocal cords

Membranous folds on either side of the larynx that are important in speech production.

51

acidosis

Abnormal acidity of body fluids. Respiratory acidosis is caused by abnormally high levels of carbon dioxide in the body

52

acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

Pulmonary edema that can lead rapidly to fatal respiratory failure; causes include trauma, aspiration into the lungs, viral pneumonia, and drug reactions; shock lung

53

acute rhinitis

Inflammation of the nasal mucosa with sneezing, tearing, and profuse secretion of watery mucus, as seen in the common cold

54

alkalosis

Abnormal alkalinity of body fluids. Respiratory alkalosis is caused by abnormally low levels of carbon dioxide in the body

55

aspiration

The accidental inhalation of food or other foreign material into the lungs. Also means the withdrawal of fluid from a cavity by suction

56

asthma

A disease characterized by dyspnea and wheezing caused by spasm of the bronchial tubes or swelling of their mucous membranes

57

atelectasis

Incomplete expansion of a lung or part of a lung; lung collapse. May be present at birth (as in respiratory distress syndrome) or be caused by bronchial obstruction or compression of lung tissue (prefix atel/o means “imperfect”)

58

bronchiectasis

Chronic dilatation of a bronchus or bronchi

59

bronchitis

Inflammation of a bronchus

60

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Any of a group of chronic, progressive, and debilitating respiratory diseases, which includes emphysema, asthma, bronchitis, and bronchiectasis

61

cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin caused by lack of oxygen in the blood

62

cystic fibrosis (CF)

An inherited disease that affects the pancreas, respiratory system, and sweat glands. Characterized by mucus accumulation in the bronchi causing obstruction and leading to infection

63

diphtheria

Acute infectious disease, usually limited to the upper respiratory tract, characterized by the formation of a surface pseudomembrane composed of cells and coagulated material

64

dyspnea

Difficult or labored breathing, sometimes with pain; “air hunger”

65

emphysema

A chronic pulmonary disease characterized by enlargement and destruction of the alveoli

66

empyema

Accumulation of pus in a body cavity, especially the pleural space; pyothorax

67

hemoptysis

The spitting of blood from the mouth or respiratory tract

68

hemothorax

Presence of blood in the pleural space

69

hydrothorax

Presence of fluid in the pleural space

70

hyperventilation

Increased rate and depth of breathing; increase in the amount of air entering the alveoli

71

influenza

An acute, contagious respiratory infection causing fever, chills, headache, and muscle pain; “flu”

72

pertussis

An acute, infectious disease characterized by a cough ending in a whooping inspiration; whooping cough

73

pleural effusion

Accumulation of fluid in the pleural space. The fluid may contain blood (hemothorax) or pus (pyothorax or empyema)

74

pleurisy

Inflammation of the pleura; pleuritis. A symptom of pleurisy is sharp pain on breathing

75

pneumoconiosis

Disease of the respiratory tract caused by inhalation of dust particles. Named more specifically by the type of dust inhaled, such as silicosis, anthracosis, asbestosis

76

pneumonia

Inflammation of the lungs generally caused by infection. May involve the bronchioles and alveoli (bronchopneumonia) or one or more lobes of the lung (lobar pneumonia)

77

pneumonitis

Inflammation of the lungs; may follow infection or be caused by asthma, allergy, or inhalation of irritants

78

pneumothorax

Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space. May result from injury or disease or may be produced artificially to collapse a lung

79

pyothorax

Accumulation of pus in the pleural space; empyema

80

respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)

A respiratory disorder that affects premature infants born without enough surfactant in the lungs. It is treated with respiratory support and surfactant administration

81

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

The sudden and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant; crib death

82

tuberculosis

An infectious disease caused by the tubercle bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

83

arterial blood gases (ABGs)

The concentrations of gases, specifically oxygen and carbon dioxide, in arterial blood. Reported as the partial pressure (P) of the gas in arterial (a) blood, such as PaO2 or PaCO2. These measurements are important in measuring acid-base balance

84

bronchoscope

An endoscope used to examine the tracheobronchial passageways. Also allows access for biopsy of tissue to removal of a foreign object

85

lung scan

Study based on the accumulation of radioactive isotope in lung tissue. A ventilation scan measures ventilation after inhalation of radioactive material. A perfusion scan measures blood supply to the lungs after injection of radioactive material. Also called a pulmonary scintiscan

86

pulse oximetry

Determination of the oxygen saturation of arterial blood by means of a photoelectric apparatus (oximeter), usually placed on the finger or the ear; reported as SpO2 in percent

87

pulmonary function tests

Tests done to assess breathing, usually by spirometry

88

spirometer

An apparatus used to measure breathing volumes and capacities; record of test is a spirogram

89

thoracentesis

Surgical puncture of the chest for removal of air or fluids, such as may accumulate after surgery or as a result of injury, infection, or cardiovascular problems. Also called thoracocentesis

90

tuberculin test

A skin test for tuberculosis. Tuberculin (PPD), the test material made from products of the tuberculosis organism, is injected below the skin.