Chap 8 Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 8 Drugs Deck (168):
1

abbrev for microgram

dosage/direction mcg

2

SUFFIX -mimetic

SUFFIX MEANING mimicking, simulating

3

abbrev for as needed (Latin, pro re nata)

dosage/direction prn

4

dosage/direction SA

abbrev for sustained action

5

USP

abbrev for United States Pharmacopeia

6

ASA

abbrev for Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)

7

NSAID(s)

abbrev for nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug(s)

8

dosage/direction qid

abbrev for four times a day (Latin, quater in die)

9

ROOT MEANING stupor

ROOT narc/o

10

abbrev for sublingual(ly)

dosage/direction SL

11

dosage/direction q ____ h

abbrev for every ____ hours

12

potentiation

Increased potency created by two drugs acting together

13

PREFIX contra-

PREFIX MEANING against, oppose

14

abbrev for every morning (Latin, quaque ante meridiem)

dosage/direction qam

15

elix

abbrev for elixir

16

abbrev for after meals (Latin, post cibum)

dosage/direction pc

17

abbrev for elixir

elix

18

abbrev for intravenous(ly)

dosage/direction IV

19

abbrev for tincture

tinct

20

abbrev for milligram

dosage/direction mg

21

dosage/direction SR

abbrev for sustained release

22

ROOT pharm, pharmac/o

ROOT MEANING drug, medicine

23

ROOT hypn/o

ROOT MEANING sleep

24

abbrev for every hour (Latin, quaque hora)

dosage/direction qh

25

withdrawal

A condition that results from cessation or reduction of a drug that has been used regularly

26

A substance that alters body function

drug

27

abbrev for suppository

supp

28

abbrev for sustained release

dosage/direction SR

29

prescription (Rx)

Written and signed order for a drug with directions for its administration

30

dosage/direction ad lib

abbrev for as desired (Latin, ad libitum)

31

abbrev for four times a day (Latin, quater in die)

dosage/direction qid

32

brand name

The trade or proprietary name of a drug, a registered trademark of the manufacturer; written with an initial capital letter

33

abbrev for Office of Dietary Supplements

ODS

34

abbrev for times

dosage/direction x

35

dosage/direction mcg

abbrev for microgram

36

abbrev for long-acting

dosage/direction LA

37

abbrev for American Society of Health System Pharmacists

ASHP

38

dosage/direction c

abbrev for with (Latin, cum)

39

A substance that interferes with or opposes the action of a drug

antagonist

40

abbrev for medicine(s), medication(s)

MED(s)

41

abbrev for drop(s) (Latin, gutta)

dosage/direction gt(t)

42

PREFIX MEANING opposite, against

PREFIX counter-

43

abbrev for postprandial (after a meal)

dosage/direction pp

44

abbrev for twice a day (Latin, bis in die)

dosage/direction bid

45

abbrev for tablet

tab

46

ROOT chem/o

ROOT MEANING chemical

47

dosage/direction LA

abbrev for long-acting

48

ROOT vas/o

ROOT MEANING vessel

49

ASHP

abbrev for American Society of Health System Pharmacists

50

ROOT MEANING vessel

ROOT vas/o

51

abbrev for three times per day (Latin, ter in die)

dosage/direction tid

52

SUFFIX MEANING mimicking, simulating

SUFFIX -mimetic

53

dosage/direction aq

abbrev for water (Latin, aqua)

54

dosage/direction mg

abbrev for milligram

55

abbrev for ointment

ung

56

abbrev for subcutaneous(ly)

dosage/direction SC, SQ, subcu

57

dosage/direction mL

abbrev for milliliter

58

abbrev for intramuscular(ly)

dosage/direction IM

59

ROOT MEANING poison, toxin

ROOT tox/o, toxic/o

60

abbrev for isoniazid (antituberculosis drug)

INH

61

ROOT pyr/o, pyret/o

ROOT MEANING fever

62

dosage/direction ID

abbrev for intradermal(ly)

63

dosage/direction IU

abbrev for international unit

64

abbrev for without (Latin, sine)

dosage/direction S (with line over top)

65

A condition in which chronic use of a drug results in loss of effectiveness and the dose must be increased to produce the original response

tolerance

66

APAP

abbrev for Acetaminophen

67

dosage/direction qh

abbrev for every hour (Latin, quaque hora)

68

MED(s)

abbrev for medicine(s), medication(s)

69

Written and signed order for a drug with directions for its administration

prescription (Rx)

70

Increased potency created by two drugs acting together

potentiation

71

dosage/direction tid

abbrev for three times per day (Latin, ter in die)

72

SUFFIX -lytic

SUFFIX MEANING dissolving, reducing, loosening

73

abbrev for intradermal(ly)

dosage/direction ID

74

dosage/direction po

abbrev for by mouth (Latin, per os)

75

abbrev for of each (Greek, ana)

dosage/direction āā

76

abbrev for Food and Drug Administration

FDA

77

abbrev for before (Latin, ante)

dosage/direction ā

78

generic name

The nonproprietary name of a drug; that is, a name that is not privately owned or trademarked; usually a simplified version of the chemical name; not capitalized

79

substance dependence

A condition that may result from chronic use of a drug, in which a person has a chronic or compulsive need for a drug regardless of its adverse effects; dependence may be psychological or physical

80

abbrev for suspension

susp

81

side effect

A result of drug therapy or other therapy that is unrelated to or an extension of its intended effect. The term usually applies to an undesirable effect of treatment

82

The nonproprietary name of a drug; that is, a name that is not privately owned or trademarked; usually a simplified version of the chemical name; not capitalized

generic name

83

ROOT MEANING sleep

ROOT hypn/o

84

tinct

abbrev for tincture

85

The trade or proprietary name of a drug, a registered trademark of the manufacturer; written with an initial capital letter

brand name

86

ung

abbrev for ointment

87

abbrev for prescription

Rx

88

SUFFIX MEANING dissolving, reducing, loosening

SUFFIX -lytic

89

abbrev for water (Latin, aqua)

dosage/direction aq

90

dosage/direction S (with line over top)

abbrev for without (Latin, sine)

91

FDA

abbrev for Food and Drug Administration

92

dosage/direction DS

abbrev for double strength

93

phytomedicine

Another name for herbal medicine

94

synergy

Combined action of two or more drugs working together to produce an effect greater than any of the drugs could produce when acting alone; also called synergism (SIN-er-jizm); adj. synergistic (sin-er-JIS-tik)

95

ROOT alg/o, algi/o, algesi/o

ROOT MEANING pain

96

dosage/direction SC, SQ, subcu

abbrev for subcutaneous(ly)

97

Combined action of two or more drugs working together to produce an effect greater than any of the drugs could produce when acting alone; also called synergism (SIN-er-jizm); adj. synergistic (sin-er-JIS-tik)

synergy

98

dosage/direction āā

abbrev for of each (Greek, ana)

99

abbrev for Physicians' Desk Reference

PDR

100

abbrev for at bedtime (Latin, hora somni)

dosage/direction hs

101

abbrev for over-the-counter

OTC

102

dosage/direction qam

abbrev for every morning (Latin, quaque ante meridiem)

103

abbrev for with (Latin, cum)

dosage/direction c

104

abbrev for sustained action

dosage/direction SA

105

abbrev for after, post

dosage/direction p

106

dosage/direction hs

abbrev for at bedtime (Latin, hora somni)

107

dosage/direction ā

abbrev for before (Latin, ante)

108

dosage/direction pc

abbrev for after meals (Latin, post cibum)

109

abbrev for United States Pharmacopeia

USP

110

abbrev for before meals (Latin, ante cibum)

dosage/direction ac

111

drug

A substance that alters body function

112

abbrev for Acetaminophen

APAP

113

Another name for herbal medicine

phytomedicine

114

PREFIX MEANING against, oppose

PREFIX contra-

115

ROOT MEANING fever

ROOT pyr/o, pyret/o

116

dosage/direction D/C, dc

abbrev for discontinue

117

dosage/direction IV

abbrev for intravenous(ly)

118

OTC

abbrev for over-the-counter

119

abbrev for nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug(s)

NSAID(s)

120

Rx

abbrev for prescription

121

tab

abbrev for tablet

122

A condition that results from cessation or reduction of a drug that has been used regularly

withdrawal

123

ROOT MEANING chemical

ROOT chem/o

124

An extreme allergic reaction that can lead to respiratory distress, circulatory collapse, and death

anaphylaxis

125

antagonist

A substance that interferes with or opposes the action of a drug

126

ODS

abbrev for Office of Dietary Supplements

127

PREFIX counter-

PREFIX MEANING opposite, against

128

susp

abbrev for suspension

129

abbrev for international unit

dosage/direction IU

130

ROOT tox/o, toxic/o

ROOT MEANING poison, toxin

131

dosage/direction p

abbrev for after, post

132

contraindication

A factor that makes the use of a drug undesirable or dangerous

133

abbrev for Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)

ASA

134

SUFFIX -tropic

SUFFIX MEANING acting on

135

supp

abbrev for suppository

136

abbrev for milliliter

dosage/direction mL

137

abbrev for by mouth (Latin, per os)

dosage/direction po

138

INH

abbrev for isoniazid (antituberculosis drug)

139

dosage/direction bid

abbrev for twice a day (Latin, bis in die)

140

ROOT MEANING drug, medicine

ROOT pharm, pharmac/o

141

A factor that makes the use of a drug undesirable or dangerous

contraindication

142

dosage/direction pp

abbrev for postprandial (after a meal)

143

abbrev for discontinue

dosage/direction D/C, dc

144

The power to produce a specific result; effectiveness

efficacy

145

dosage/direction gt(t)

abbrev for drop(s) (Latin, gutta)

146

PREFIX MEANING against

PREFIX anti-

147

abbrev for as desired (Latin, ad libitum)

dosage/direction ad lib

148

dosage/direction prn

abbrev for as needed (Latin, pro re nata)

149

abbrev for half (Latin, semis)

dosage/direction SS (with line above)

150

dosage/direction ac

abbrev for before meals (Latin, ante cibum)

151

PDR

abbrev for Physicians' Desk Reference

152

ROOT MEANING pain

ROOT alg/o, algi/o, algesi/o

153

anaphylaxis

An extreme allergic reaction that can lead to respiratory distress, circulatory collapse, and death

154

SUFFIX MEANING acting on

SUFFIX -tropic

155

ROOT narc/o

ROOT MEANING stupor

156

dosage/direction SS (with line above)

abbrev for half (Latin, semis)

157

abbrev for double strength

dosage/direction DS

158

efficacy

The power to produce a specific result; effectiveness

159

A result of drug therapy or other therapy that is unrelated to or an extension of its intended effect. The term usually applies to an undesirable effect of treatment

side effect

160

dosage/direction x

abbrev for times

161

dosage/direction IM

abbrev for intramuscular(ly)

162

abbrev for capsule

cap

163

A condition that may result from chronic use of a drug, in which a person has a chronic or compulsive need for a drug regardless of its adverse effects; dependence may be psychological or physical

substance dependence

164

dosage/direction SL

abbrev for sublingual(ly)

165

cap

abbrev for capsule

166

PREFIX anti-

PREFIX MEANING against

167

tolerance

A condition in which chronic use of a drug results in loss of effectiveness and the dose must be increased to produce the original response

168

abbrev for every ____ hours

dosage/direction q ____ h