Chap 5 Body Structures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 5 Body Structures Deck (67):
1

ROOT
cephal/o

head

2

ROOT
cervic/o

neck

3

ROOT
thorac/o

chest, thorax

4

ROOT
abdomin/o

abdomen

5

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celi/o

abdomen

6

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lapar/o

abdominal wall

7

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lumb/o

lumbar region
lower back

8

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periton, peritone/o

peritoneum

9

ROOT
acro

extremity, end

10

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brachi/o

arm

11

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dactyl/o

finger, toe

12

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ped/o

foot

13

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pod/o

foot

14

Frontal plane

also called coronal plane
Divides into anterior and posterior (front and back)

15

Sagittal plane

Divides into right and left portions

16

Transverse plane

Divides into superior, inferior parts (top and bottom)

17

Which cavities make up the dorsal cavity?

Cranial cavity and spinal cavity

18

What are the parts of the ventral cavity?

Thoracic cavity
Diaphragm
Abdominopelvic cavity

19

What are the parts of the abdominopelvic cavity?

Abdominal cavity
Pelvic cavity
Peritoneum

20

Where is the epigastic region?

Above the stomach

21

Where is the umbilical region?

Umbilicus or navel

22

Where is the hypogastic region?

Below the stomach

23

What are the three midline regions?

Epigastric
Umbilical
Hypogastric

24

What are the lateral regions?

Hypochondriac
Lumbar
Iliac

25

Where are the hypochondriac regions?

Right and left, near the ribs, specifically cartilages (superior lateral regions)

26

Where are the lumbar regions?

Right and left, near the small of the back (lumbar) (middle lateral regions)

27

Where are the iliac regions?

Right and left, near upper hip bone (ilium) (inferior lateral regions)

28

What section is also called the inguinal region?

Iliac region

29

PREFIX
circum-

around

30

PREFIX
peri-

around

31

PREFIX
intra-

in, within

32

PREFIX
epi-

on, over

33

PREFIX
extra-

outside

34

PREFIX
infra-

below
(also indicates degree)

35

PREFIX
sub-

below, under
(also indicates degree)

36

PREFIX
inter-

between

37

PREFIX
juxta-

near, beside

38

PREFIX
para-

near, beside

39

PREFIX
retro-

behind, backwards

40

PREFIX
supra-

above

41

TERM
abdominal cavity

The larger ventral cavity below the diaphragm and above the pelvic cavity

42

TERM
abdominopelvic cavity

The larger ventral cavity between the diaphragm and pelvis that includes the abdominal and pelvic cavity

43

TERM
anatomic position

Standard position for anatomical studies, in which the body is erect and facing forward, the arms are at the sides with palms forward, and the feet are parallel

44

TERM
cranial cavity

The dorsal cavity that contains the brain

45

TERM
diaphragm

The muscle that separate the thoracic from the abdominal cavity

46

TERM
frontal (coronal) plane

Plane of section that separates the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions

47

TERM
pelvic cavity

The ventral cavity that is below the abdominal cavity

48

TERM
peritoneum

The large serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity and cover the organs with it

49

TERM
sagittal plane

Plane that divides the body into right and left portions

50

TERM
spinal cavity (canal)

Dorsal cavity that contains the spinal cord

51

TERM
thoracic cavity

The ventral cavity above the diaphragm; the chest cavity

52

TERM
transverse (horizontal) plane

Plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions

53

TERM
digit

A finger or toe (adjective, digital)

54

TERM
epigastrium

The epigastric region

55

TERM
fundus

The base or body of a hollow organ; the area of an organ farthest from its opening

56

TERM
hypochondrium

The hypochondriac region (left or right)

57

TERM
lumen

The central opening within a tube or hollow organ

58

TERM
meatus

A passage or opening

59

TERM
orifice

The opening of a cavity

60

TERM
os

Mouth; any body opening

61

TERM
septum

A wall dividing two cavities

62

TERM
sinus

A cavity, as within a bone

63

TERM
sphincter

A circular muscle that regulates an opening

64

LLQ

Left lower quadrant

65

LUQ

Left upper quadrant

66

RLQ

Right lower quadrant

67

RUQ

Right upper quadrant