Chap 7 Diagnosis, Treatment, and Surgery Flashcards Preview

Cohen Medical Terminology > Chap 7 Diagnosis, Treatment, and Surgery > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 7 Diagnosis, Treatment, and Surgery Deck (204):
1

ROOT aer/o

air

2

ROOT bar/o

pressure

3

ROOT chrom/o, chromat/o

color, stain

4

ROOT chron/o

time

5

ROOT cry/o

cold

6

ROOT electr/o

electricity

7

ROOT erg/o

work

8

ROOT phon/o

sound, voice

9

ROOT phot/o

light

10

ROOT radi/o

radiation, x-ray

11

ROOT son/o

sound

12

ROOT therm/o

heat, temperature

13

TERM inspection

visual examination

14

TERM palpation

touching body surface with hands, fingers

15

TERM percussion

tapping body and listening to sounds made

16

TERM auscultation

using a stethoscope to listen to body sounds

17

TERM diagnosis

determination of nature and cause of illness

18

TERM systolic

recorded when heart contracting

19

TERM diastolic

recorded when heart relaxing

20

TERM ophthalmoscope

instrument for examining eyes

21

TERM otoscope

instrument for examining eyes

22

TERM hammer

instrument for testing reflexes

23

TERM sphygmomanometer

blood pressure cuff

24

TERM endoscope

examines body cavities

25

TERM biopsy

removal of tissue for microscopic examination

26

TERM radiography

x-ray

27

TERM prognosis

prediction of outcome of disease

28

TERM palliative

therapy to provide relief, not intended as cure

29

TERM excision

removal

30

How is cancer classified?

grading

staging

31

TERM

staging

procedure for seeing how far tumor has spread

32

air

ROOT aer/o

33

pressure

ROOT bar/o

34

color, stain

ROOT chrom/o, chromat/o

35

time

ROOT chron/o

36

cold

ROOT cry/o

37

electricity

ROOT electr/o

38

work

ROOT erg/o

39

sound, voice

ROOT phon/o

40

light

ROOT phot/o

41

radiation, x-ray

ROOT radi/o

42

sound

ROOT son/o

43

heat, temperature

ROOT therm/o

44

visual examination

TERM inspection

45

touching body surface with hands, fingers

TERM palpation

46

tapping body and listening to sounds made

TERM percussion

47

using a stethoscope to listen to body sounds

TERM auscultation

48

determination of nature and cause of illness

TERM diagnosis

49

recorded when heart contracting

TERM systolic

50

recorded when heart relaxing

TERM diastolic

51

instrument for examining eyes

TERM ophthalmoscope

52

instrument for testing reflexes

TERM hammer

53

blood pressure cuff

TERM sphygmomanometer

54

examines body cavities

TERM endoscope

55

removal of tissue for microscopic examination

TERM biopsy

56

x-ray

TERM radiography

57

prediction of outcome of disease

TERM prognosis

58

therapy to provide relief, not intended as cure

TERM palliative

59

removal

TERM excision

60

SUFFIX

-graph

instrument for recording data

61

SUFFIX

-graphy

act of recording data

 

This ending is often used to mean not only the recording of data but also the evaluation and interpretation of the data.

62

SUFFIX

-gram

a record of data

A picture taken simply using x-rays is called a radiograph. When special techniques are used to image an organ or region with x-rays, the ending -gram is used with the root for that area, as in urogram (urinary tract), angiogram (blood vessels), and mammogram (breast).

63

SUFFIX

-meter

instrument for measuring

64

SUFFIX

-metry

measurement of

65

SUFFIX

-scope

instrument for viewing or examining

66

SUFFIX

-scopy

examination of

67

SUFFIX

-centesis

puncture,

tap

68

SUFFIX

-desis

binding, fusion

69

SUFFIX

-ectomy

excision,

surgical removal

70

SUFFIX

-pexy

surgical fixation

71

SUFFIX

-plasty

plastic repair,

plastic surgery,

reconstruction

72

SUFFIX

-rhaphy

surgical repair,

suture

73

SUFFIX

-stomy

surgical creation of an opening

74

SUFFIX

-tome

instrument for incising (cutting)

75

SUFFIX

-tomy

incision, cutting

76

SUFFIX

-tripsy

crushing

77

78

anesthesia

Loss of the ability to feel pain, as by administration of a drug

79

auscultation 

Listening for sounds within the body, usually within the chest or abdomen 

80

biopsy 

Removal of a small amount of tissue for microscopic examination

81

cautery

Destruction of tissue by a damaging agent, such as a harmful chemical, heat, or electric current (electrocautery); cauterization

82

chemotherapy 

Use of chemicals to treat disease. The term is often applied specifically to the treatment of cancer with chemicals

83

endoscope 

An instrument for examining the inside of an organ or cavity through a body opening or small incision; most endoscopes use fiberoptics for viewing

84

excision 

Removal by cutting (suffix: -ectomy)

85

fixation 

Holding or fastening a structure in a fixed position (suffix: -pexy)

86

immunotherapy

Treatment that involves stimulation or suppression of the immune system, either specifically or nonspecifically

87

incision

A cut, as for surgery; also the act of cutting (suffix: -tomy)

88

laser

A device that transforms light into a beam of intense heat and power; used for surgery and diagnosis

89

sign

Objective evidence of disease that can be observed or tested; examples are fever, rash, high blood pressure, and blood or urine abnormalities; an objective symptom

90

surgery

A method for treating disease or injury by manual operations

91

suture

To unite parts by stitching them together; also the thread or other material used in that process or the seam formed by surgical stitching (suffix: -rhaphy)

92

symptom

Any evidence of disease; sometimes limited to subjective evidence of disease, as experienced by the individual, such as pain, dizziness, and weakness

93

vital signs

Measurements that reflect basic functions necessary to maintain life

94

clubbing

Enlargement of the ends of the fingers and toes because of soft-tissue growth of the nails; seen in a variety of diseases, especially lung and heart diseases 

95

colic

Acute abdominal pain associated with smooth-muscle spasms

96

cyanosis 

Bluish discoloration of the skin due to lack of oxygen

97

diaphoresis 

Profuse sweating

98

malaise 

A feeling of discomfort or uneasiness, often indicative of infection

99

pallor 

Paleness; lack of color

100

prodrome 

A symptom indicating an approaching disease

101

sequela 

A lasting effect of a disease (plural, sequelae)

102

syncope 

A temporary loss of consciousness because of inadequate blood flow to the brain; fainting

103

alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) 

A fetal protein that appears in the blood of adults with certain types of cancer

104

bruit 

A sound, usually abnormal, heard in auscultation

105

facies 

The expression or appearance of the face

106

febrile 

Pertaining to fever

107

nuclear medicine

The branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances (radionuclides) for diagnosis, therapy, and research

108

radiology 

The branch of medicine that uses radiation, such as x-rays, in the diagnosis and treatment of disease; a specialist in this field is a radiologist

109

radionuclide 

A substance that gives off radiation; used for diagnosis and treatment; also called radioisotope or radiopharmaceutical

110

speculum 

An instrument for examining a canal 

111

syndrome 

A group of signs and symptoms that together characterize a disease condition

112

catheter

A thin tube that can be passed into the body; used to remove fluids from or introduce fluids into a body cavity 

113

clysis

The introduction of fluid into the body, other than orally, as into the rectum or abdominal cavity; also refers to the solution thus used

114

irrigation

Flushing of a tube, cavity, or area with a fluid 

115

lavage

The washing out of a cavity; irrigation

116

normal saline solution (NS)

A salt (NaCl) solution compatible with living cells; also called physiologic saline solution (PSS)

117

paracentesis

Puncture of a cavity for removal of fluid

118

prophylaxis

Prevention of disease

119

drain 

Device for allowing matter to escape from a wound or cavity; common types include Penrose (cigarette), T-tube, Jackson-Pratt (J-P), and Hemovac

120

ligature 

A tie or bandage; the process of binding or tying (also called ligation)

121

resection 

Partial excision of a structure

122

stapling 

In surgery, the joining of tissue by using wire staples that are pushed through the tissue and then bent

123

surgeon 

One who specializes in surgery

124

ADL

Activities of daily living

125

BP

Blood pressure

126

bpm

Beats per minute

127

C

Celsius (centigrade)

128

CC

Chief complaint

129

c/o

Complains of

130

EOMI

Extraocular muscles intact

131

ETOH

Alcohol (ethyl alcohol)

132

F

Fahrenheit

133

HEENT

Head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat

134

HIPAA

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

135

h/o

History of

136

H & P

History and physical

137

HPI

History of present illness

138

HR

Heart rate

139

Hx

History

140

I & O

Intake and output

141

IPPA

Inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation

142

IVDA

Intravenous drug abuse

143

NAD

No apparent distress

144

NKDA

No known drug allergies

145

P

Pulse

146

PE

Physical examination

147

PE(R)RLA

Pupils equal (regular) react to light and accommodation

148

PMH

Past medical history

149

pt

Patient

150

R

Respiration

151

R/O

Rule out

152

ROS

Review of systems

153

T

Temperature

154

TPR

Temperature, pulse, respiration

155

VS

Vital signs

156

WD

Well developed

157

WNL

Within normal limits

158

w/o

Without

159

YO, y/o

Years old, year-old

160

ABC

Aspiration biopsy cytology

161

AFP

Alpha-fetoprotein

162

BS

Bowel sounds

163

bx

Biopsy

164

CAM

Complementary and alternative medicine

165

Ci

Curie (unit of radioactivity)

166

C & S

Culture and (drug) sensitivity (of bacteria)

167

CT

Computed tomography

168

D/C, dc

Discontinue, discharge

169

Dx

Diagnosis

170

EBL

Estimated blood loss

171

ICU

Intensive care unit

172

I & D

Incision and drainage

173

MET

Metastasis

174

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

175

NCCAM

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

176

NS, N/S

Normal saline

177

PCA

Patient-controlled analgesia

178

PET

Positron emission tomography

179

PICC

Peripherally inserted central catheter

180

postop

Postoperative

181

preop

Preoperative

182

PSS

Physiologic saline solution

183

RATx

Radiation therapy

184

Rx

Drug, prescription, therapy

185

SPECT

Single-photon emission-computed tomography

186

TNM

(Primary) tumor, (regional lymph) nodes, (distant) metastases

187

UV

Ultraviolet

188

AP

Anteroposterior

189

LL

Left lateral

190

PA

Posteroanterior

191

RL

Right lateral

192

AMA

Against medical advice

193

NPO

Nothing by mouth (Latin, non per os)

194

AMB

Ambulatory

195

OOB

Out of bed

196

BRP

Bathroom privileges

197

QNS

Quantity not sufficient

198

CBR

Complete bed rest

199

QS

Quantity sufficient

200

DNR

Do not resuscitate

201

STAT

Immediately

202

KVO

Keep vein open

203

TKO

To keep open

204