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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (18):
1

Determinism

universe is a lawful and orderly place in which all phenomena occur as a result of other events

2

Functional Relation

a verbal statement summarizing the results of an experiment, that describes the occurrence of the phenomena under study as a function of the operation of specific and controlled variables in which a specific change can be produced by manipulating another event.

3

empiricism

the practice of objective observation of the phenomena of interest

4

Experiment

carefully conducted comparison of some of the phenomenon of the DV and IV

5

experimental analysis of behavior

Skinner recorded the rate at which a single subject emitted a given behavior in a controlled and standardized experimental chamber.

6

Explanatory fiction

a fictitious variable that often is simply another name for the observed behavior that contributes nothing to an understanding of variables that develop or maintain behavior.

7

Behaviorism

The philosophy of the science of behavior. various forms-methodological and radical

8

Hypothetical construct

a presumed but unobserved process or entity (e.g. Frued's ego, id, and super ego

9

Mentalism

an approach to the study of behavior which assumes that a mental or "inner" dimension exist that differs from a behavioral dimension.

10

Methodological behaviorism

these early behaviorist either denied the existence of "inner variables" or considered them outside the realm of scientific account

11

parsomony

all simple, logical explanations be ruled out experimentally or conceptually before more complex explanations be considered.

12

Philosophic Doubt

requires that scientists continually question the truthfulness of what is required as fact

13

Radical behaviorism

includes and seeks to understand all human behavior, including private events

14

replication

repeating of experiments

15

science

the pursuit of knowledge that is carried but according to general methodological precepts and expectations.

16

List the defining characteristics of ABA

Applied, Behavioral, analytic, technological, conceptually systematic, Effective, Generalty

17

Applied Behavior analysis

the science in which tactics derived from the principles of behavior are applied to improve socially significant behavior and experimentation is used to identify the variables responsible for the improvement of behavior.

18

Purpose of science

description- systematic observation
Prediction- 2 events consistency covary
control