Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (20):
1

discriminative stimulus

SDp

2

discriminative stimulus

SDp

3

punisher

stimulus change that immediately follows the occurrence of a BX and reduces the future frequency of that type of BX.

4

unconditioned punisher

a stimulus whose presentation functions as punishment without having been paired with any other punisher

5

conditioned punisher

a stimulus change that functions as punishment as a result of a persons conditioning history

6

generalized conditioned punisher

stimulus change that has been paired with numerous forms of unconditioned and conditioned punishers

7

behavior contrast

refers to the phenonemon in which a change in one component of multiple schedule that increases or decreases the rate of responding on that component is accompanied by a change in the response rate in the opposite direction of the other component

8

response blocking

physically intervening as soon as the person begins to emit the problem BX to prevent or block the completion of the response

9

overcorrection

a BX reduction reduction tactic in which contingent on each occurrence of the problem behavior, the learner is required to engage in effortful behavior that is directly or logically related to the problem

10

restitutional overcorrection

contingent on the problem the learner is required to repair the damage caused by the problem bx by returning the enviornment to its original state and then engage in additional bx that brings the environment to better condition.

11

positive practice restitution

learner is required to repeatedly perform a correct form of the bx, or a specific duration of time or number of responses.

12

punisher

stimulus change that immediately follows the occurrence of a BX and reduces the future frequency of that type of BX.

13

unconditioned punisher

a stimulus whose presentation functions as punishment without having been paired with any other punisher

14

conditioned punisher

a stimulus change that functions as punishment as a result of a persons conditioning history

15

generalized conditioned punisher

stimulus change that has been paired with numerous forms of unconditioned and conditioned punishers

16

behavior contrast

refers to the phenonemon in which a change in one component of multiple schedule that increases or decreases the rate of responding on that component is accompanied by a change in the response rate in the opposite direction of the other component

17

response blocking

physically intervening as soon as the person begins to emit the problem BX to prevent or block the completion of the response

18

overcorrection

a BX reduction reduction tactic in which contingent on each occurrence of the problem behavior, the learner is required to engage in effortful behavior that is directly or logically related to the problem

19

restitutional overcorrection

contingent on the problem the learner is required to repair the damage caused by the problem bx by returning the enviornment to its original state and then engage in additional bx that brings the environment to better condition.

20

positive practice restitution

learner is required to repeatedly perform a correct form of the bx, or a specific duration of time or number of responses.