Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (21):
Stable state responding
a pattern of responding that exhibits relatively little variation in its measured dimensional quantities over a period of time.
steady state strategy
repeatedly exposing a subject to a given condition while trying to eliminate or control any extraneous variables on the BX, and obtaining a stable pattern of responding before introducing the next condition.
control condition and does not necessarily mean the absence of instruction or treatment.
data show no evidence of an upward or downward trend and all of the measures fall within a small range of values.
data points do not consistently fall within a narrow range of values
the anticipated outcome of a unknown or future measurement.
affirmation of the consequent
the predictive power of a steady state responding enables the BX analyst to employ a kind of inductive logic
improvements in performance resulting from repeated opportunities to emit the BX.
accomplished by demonstrating that prior level of baseline responding would have remained unchanged had the IV not been introduced
repeating independent variable manipulations conducted previously in the study and obtaining similar outcomes.
the degree in which a study's findings have generality to other subjects, settings and/or behavior.
a 2 phase experimental design consisting a pre-treatment baseline condition (A) followed by a treatment condition (B)
achieved when a predictable change in BX can be reliably produced by the systematic manipulation of some person's environment
experiments that show convincingly that changes in BX area function of the independent variable and are not the result of uncontrolled or unknown variables.
uncontrolled variables known or suspected to exert and influence on the dependent variable
a brief but specific statement of what the researcher thats to learn from conducting the experiment
single subject design
experimental logical or reasoning for analyzing BX changes often employs the subject as her own control
aspect of the environment that the experimenter must control
particular arrangement of conditions in a study so that meaningful comparisons of the effects of the presence, absence of different values of the IV can be made
seeks to discover the differential effects of range of values of the independent variable