Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

Applied Behavior Analysis > Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (21):
1

Stable state responding

a pattern of responding that exhibits relatively little variation in its measured dimensional quantities over a period of time.

2

steady state strategy

repeatedly exposing a subject to a given condition while trying to eliminate or control any extraneous variables on the BX, and obtaining a stable pattern of responding before introducing the next condition.

3

Baseline

control condition and does not necessarily mean the absence of instruction or treatment.

4

stable baseline

data show no evidence of an upward or downward trend and all of the measures fall within a small range of values.

5

variable baseline

data points do not consistently fall within a narrow range of values

6

prediction

the anticipated outcome of a unknown or future measurement.

7

affirmation of the consequent

the predictive power of a steady state responding enables the BX analyst to employ a kind of inductive logic

8

practice effects

improvements in performance resulting from repeated opportunities to emit the BX.

9

verification

accomplished by demonstrating that prior level of baseline responding would have remained unchanged had the IV not been introduced

10

replication

repeating independent variable manipulations conducted previously in the study and obtaining similar outcomes.

11

external validity

the degree in which a study's findings have generality to other subjects, settings and/or behavior.

12

A-B design

a 2 phase experimental design consisting a pre-treatment baseline condition (A) followed by a treatment condition (B)

13

experimental control

achieved when a predictable change in BX can be reliably produced by the systematic manipulation of some person's environment

14

internal validity

experiments that show convincingly that changes in BX area function of the independent variable and are not the result of uncontrolled or unknown variables.

15

confounding variables

uncontrolled variables known or suspected to exert and influence on the dependent variable

16

experimental question

a brief but specific statement of what the researcher thats to learn from conducting the experiment

17

single subject design

experimental logical or reasoning for analyzing BX changes often employs the subject as her own control

18

extraneous variables

aspect of the environment that the experimenter must control

19

experimental design

particular arrangement of conditions in a study so that meaningful comparisons of the effects of the presence, absence of different values of the IV can be made

20

parametric analysis

seeks to discover the differential effects of range of values of the independent variable

21

baseline logice

entails three elements- prediction, verification, replication