Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (14):
occurs when a response is followed immediately by the presentation of a stimulus and as a result, similar responses occur more frequently in the future.
behavior produces own reinforcement independent of the mediation of others
stimulus change that functions as reinforcement even though the learner has had no particular learning history
previously neutral stimulus change that has acquired the capability to function as a reinforcer through stimulus-stimulus pairing
generalized conditioned reinforcer
a conditioned reinforcer that as a result of having been paired with many unconditioned and conditioned reinforcers does not depend on an EO
concurrent schedule of reinforcement
2 or more contingencies of reinforcement operate independently and simultaneously for 2 or more behaviors
progressive-ratio schedule of reinforcement
the response requirement for reinforcement are increased systematically over time independent of the participants behavior
multiple schedule of reinforcement
2 or more component schedules of reinforcement for a single response with only one component schedule in effect. an SD signals that presence of each schedule.
making the opportunity to engage in a BX that occurs at a relatively high free operant rate contingent on the occurrence of a low frequency BX.
response deprivation hypothesis
a model for predicting whether access to one BX will function as reinforcement for another BX based on the relative baseline rates at which each BX occurs
stimulus preference assessment
variety of procedures used to determine:
the stimuli that a person prefers
the relative preference value of those stimuli
the conditions under which those preference values change
free operant observation
contrived- researcher palnts possible reinforcer around area
naturalistic- everyday environment.
trial based methods
single stimulus- stimulus presented, persons reaction is noted
paired stimuli- (forced choices) records which of 2 choices person chooses
multiple stimuli- person chooses from an array of 3 or more stimuli