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1

Hello; Goodbye (Formal)

สวัสดี Sà-wùd-dee

 

 

[Exclamation] Hello; Goodbye goodbye formally)

(used to greet someone and to say 

2

I ; me (M)

ผม Pŏ’m 

 

[Pronoun] I ; me (polite word, used by males) 

3

I ; me (F)

ฉัน Ch

 

[Pronoun] I ; me (polite word, used by females) 

4

You

คุณ Koon 

 

[Pronoun] you (used to address any gender) 

5

be in a good condition ; be comfortable ; be cozy ; be relaxed

สบาย Sà-baay 

 

[Feeling verb] be in a good condition ; be comfortable ; be cozy ; be relaxed 

6

be good ; be nice

ดี Dee 

 

[State modifier] be good ; be nice 

7

be well ; be fine

สบายดี Sà-baay~Dee 

 

[Feeling verb] be well ; be fine (a compound word of Sà-baay (to be in a good condition) and Dee (good) 

8

a question word (+ve or -ve)

ไหม Măi? 

 

[Question] a question word, used at the end of a sentence when you want to know a ‘positive’ or ‘negative’ answer 

9

Polite particle used by males

ครับ Krb  

 

Polite particle used by males

10

Polite particle used by females (formal)

ค่ะ Kâ 

 

Polite particle used by females

11

Thank ; Thank you ; Thank for you kindness

ขอบคุณ Kòrb~Koon 

 

[Verb] Thank ; Thank you ; Thank for you kindness

12

Already / and /and then

แล้ว Láew 

 

[Tense] already (used at the end of a statement, which indicates past tense) [Time modifier] and then ; then (used at the beginning of a statement or a question sentence) 

13

word usually used with Láew 

ล่ะ Lâ 

 

showing the mood of commanding, upsetting, disturbing, discomposing, bothering, flustering or entreaty 

ล่ะ doesn’t mean anything. We just use it to refer to what we just talk about, usually used in the sentence that has ‘แล้ว : Láew’ at the beginning of a sentence. 

14

Hello 

Sà-wd-dee Kâ

 

Hello 

 

15

Are you well? / Are you fine? 

(Koon) Sà-baay~Dee Măi? Ká

 

(Koon)  Sà-baay~Dee      Măi?          Ká

you         be well            are you?    particle

16

I am well. / I am fine. 

Pŏ’m  Sà-baay~Dee Kr

17

And you? / How about you? 

(Láew) Koon Lâ? Krb

 

(Láew)                 Koon        Lâ?          Krb

and/and then      you       particle     particle

18

Hi ; Bye (Informal)

หวัดดี Wùd-dee 

 

[Exclamation] Hi ; Bye (used to greet someone and to say bye informally) 

19

be well ; be fine

บายดี Baay~Dee 

 

[Feeling verb] be well ; be fine (a short and informal word of Sà-baay~Dee) 

20

nother pronunciation of the question word
ไหม : Măi? 

ม้ย Mắi? 

 

[Question] another pronunciation of the question word ไหม : Măi? (used in informal conversations. This word is between high tone and rising tone. your teacher can show you the pronunciation) 

21

to be; is/am/are

เป็น Bpe’n

 

(State verb) to be; is/am/are (status)

Note: The word เป็น : Bpe’n can be used in many contexts. The context/meaning of the [State verb] be ; is/am/are (status) be in the sate of having ...(illness or condition of something)..

e.g. Pŏ’m Bpe’n Kâi~Wùd = I am in the state of having a cold. / I have a cold. 

22

How? (formal)

           (common)

           (Informal)

อย่างไร Yàang-rai? (Formal)

ยังไง Yung-ngai? (common)

ไง Ngai? (informal)

 

[Question word] How? 

23

some ; any ; one or more

บ้าง Bâang 

 

[Quantity modifier] some ; any ; one or more (used to indicate unspecified amount or number of someone/something.) 

24

Polite particle (Informal) (M)

(F)

คับ Kúb (M)

จ้ะ Jâ (F)

 

Particle] used when finishing a sentence to show politeness or speak politely in informally conversation. 

25

How are you? / How are you doing? 

 Bpe’n (Yung)-ngai? (Bâang)

 

   Bpe’n           (Yung)-ngai?    (Bâang)

   be,is,am,        How               some,any,

                  are                                        one or more

26

How are things with you? 

How are you? / How are you doing? 

How’re ya? 

 Bpe’n Yung ngai? Bâang

 Bpe’n Yung ngai?

 Bpe’n  ngai?

27

to eat ; to consume 

กิน Gin 

 

[action verb] to eat ; to consume 

28

rice / food

ข้าว Kâaw 

 

[Noun] rice / food

29

no ; not ; don’t ; doesn’t

ไม่ Mâi 

 

[Negative modifier] no ; not ; don’t ; doesn’t (used in front of any word, except nouns, in order to change that word to a negative form 

30

question word equivalent to ไหม : Măi? 

หรือ Rŭee (Formal)

เหรอ Rĕr / Lĕr (Informal)

 

[Question] Rŭee is a question word equivalent to ไหม : Măi?.