Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

Suetonius, Caligula vocabulary > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (111):
1

Introduction

The intention with this "stack" of "cards" is to give an entry for each word in a chapter of Suetonius encountered for the first time.  I.e. it is assumed that the words in one chapter will be learned (more or less) before the student proceeds to the next chapter.  

An rough indication of the frequency of a word in Latin (according to the Dickinson College Core list) is given by asterisks: five for the 100 most common words, four for the second most common 100 words etc; one asterisk meanns that a word is somewhere between 400 and 1000 on the list.

Students are urged to pay particular attention to any word with one or more asterisks, and to learn the principal parts for any verb with an asterisk.

The chapter by chapter listing of words is made possible by Haverford College's Bridge Program, created by Prof. Bret Mulligan.

For corrections etc. please contact wturpin1@swarthmore.edu

2

ā ab abs *****

(away) from; by (agency) + abl.

3

ad *****

toward, to; for the purpose of (+ acc.)

4

aetās aetātis f. **

age; lifetime; time

5

agō agere ēgī āctus *****

to drive; do; spend, conduct; concern (oneself with a thing); make a proposal (about)

6

an ***

introduces an alternative question, or; introduces an Indirect Question, whether, if

7

annus annī m. ****

year

8

ante ****

before, earlier, previously; in front of (+ acc.)

9

Antiochīa –ae f.

Antioch, esp. Antioch on the Orontes, capital of Syria

10

Antōnia –ae f.

Antonia (a name)

11

Armenia –ae

Armenia, a country of Asia

12

atque/ac *****

and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed; freq.; even; (in comparisons) as; than; repeated, atque — atque, both — and

13

Augustus –ī m.

Augustus, a surname of Octavius Caesar

14

Caesar Caesaris m. *****

Caesar; often Julius Caesar or Augustus Caesar

15

Cappadocia –ae f.

Cappadocia, a country of Asia Minor

16

compescō –pescere –pescuī —

to confine, hold in check, repress, curb, restrain

17

compōnō compōnere composuī compōsitus *

to compare; place/put/add/collect together, collate; match (up); store/hoard; calm; construct, build; arrange, compile, compose, make up; organize, order; settle

18

cōnficiō cōnficere cōnfēcī cōnfectus **

to accomplish, complete; finish off, kill

19

cōnstantia cōnstantiae f.

firmness, perseverance

20

cōnsul cōnsulis m. ***

consul

21

cōnsulātus cōnsulātūs m.

consulship

22

cor cordis n. *

heart; mind/soul/spirit; intellect/judgment; sweetheart; souls/persons (pl.)

23

corpus corporis n. *****

body

24

cremō cremāre cremāvī cremātus

to burn

25

creō creāre creāvī creātus *

to create, produce

26

cum *****

when; since; although

27

dēferō dēferre dētulī dēlātus *

to carry/bring/sink/fall down/off; convey/deliver/transfer; reduce/slope (down to)flow/carry/run down (to sea); pay/remit; deposit/record/register; bear/produce;bring/lodge information (about), report; indict, accuse, denounce; defer (to);offer

28

deinde or dein ***

then/next/afterward; thereon/henceforth/from there/then; in next position/place

29

dēvincō –ere –vīcī –victus

to conquer completely, to vanquish; wage successfully

30

diūturnus –a –um

long–lasting

31

Drūsus –ī m.

Drusus, the family name of several distinguished Romans

32

et *****

and

33

excessus –ūs m.

departure; death

34

exercitus exercitūs m. ****

army

35

exīstimō exīstimāre exīstimāvī exīstimātus

to value/esteem; form/hold opinion/view; think/suppose; estimate; judge/consider

36

expellō expellere expulī expulsus

to propel; drive out, expel, banish; disown, reject

37

fīlius fīliī m. **

son

38

fluō fluere flūxī fluxus

to flow, stream; emanate, proceed from; fall gradually; droop, wane; be relaxed

39

fōrma fōrmae f. *

form, figure, appearance; beauty; mold, pattern

40

Gāius –iī m. **

Gaius

41

Germānia –ae f.

Germany

42

Germānicus –ī m.

Germanicus

43

gerō gerere gessī gestus **

to bear; manage, conduct; perform

44

honor or honos honōris m. ***

honor, respect, glory; (political) office, post

45

hostis hostis m. *****

(public) enemy

46

ignis ignis m. ***

fire

47

imperātor imperātōris m. *

commander, general

48

in *****

in, on (+ abl.); into, onto; against (+ acc.)

49

incertum –ī n.

an uncertainty; it being uncertain

50

incorruptus –a –um

unspoiled, uninjured, uncorrupted

51

ineō inīre iniī/inīvī initus *

to enter

52

inter *****

between, among; during (+ acc.)

53

is ea id *****

this, that; these

54

iterum *

again; a second time; for the second time

55

legiō legiōnis f. ****

legion

56

lēx lēgis f. **

law

57

licet licēre licuit/licitum est *

it is permitted

58

līvor –ōris m.

bluish discoloration, bruising; envy

59

māgnus –a –um *****

large, big; great; vast/huge; much; powerful; tall/long/broad; extensive/spacious; great (achievement); mighty; distinguished; skilled; bold/confident; proud; full/complete/utter/pure; intense; loud; at high price; notable/famous; old

60

mittō mittere mīsī missus *****

to send; release, let go

61

morbus morbī m.

sickness, illness, weakness; disease; distemper; distress; vice

62

mox **

soon; then

63

nam *****

for

64

nātūra nātūrae f. **

nature

65

nequeō nequīre nequiī/nequīvī nequitum

to be unable

66

nōn *****

not

67

nūntiō nuntiāre nuntiāvī nuntiātus *

to announce, report, bring word, give warning; convey message or greeting

68

obeō obīre obiī/obīvī obitum

to go to, meet, die; visit (so as to watch); survey

69

optō –optāre

to take by choice, select, choose, adopt

70

Oriēns –entis m.

the rising; morning, morn; the east; the rising sun

71

ōs ōris n. ****

mouth; face

72

os ossis n.

bone

73

P.

abbreviation for populus, or publicus, or the praenomen Publius

74

parvus –a –um minor –or –us minimus –a –um ****

small, little, cheap; unimportant

75

pater patris m. *****

father

76

patruus patruī m.

uncle

77

per *****

through (+ acc.)

78

pertināx –ācis

persevering, unyielding, obstinate, pertinacious, stubborn

79

pietās pietātis f.

responsibility, sense of duty; loyalty; tenderness, goodness; pity; piety

80

post *****

after(ward), later; behind (+ acc.)

81

praeter *

beyond; except (+ acc.)

82

priusquam or prius quam

before; until; sooner than

83

prōvincia prōvinciae f. ***

province

84

quaestūra –ae f.

quaestorship, treasurer

85

quam *****

than; as, how; (+ superlative) as…as possible

86

quattuor; quārtus –a –um

4; 4th

87

quī quae quod *****

some, any; what…, which...; who, which, that

88

quinquennium –(i)ī n.

a period of five years

89

quoque ****

also, too

90

recūsō recūsāre recūsāvī recūsātus

to refuse, reject

91

redigō redigere redēgī redāctum

to drive back, reduce

92

reperiō reperīre repperī repertus *

to discover, learn; light on; find/obtain/get; find out/to be, get to know; invent

93

rēs reī f. *****

thing; property; matter, affair; activity; situation

94

rēx rēgis m. *****

king

95

sine ****

without (+ abl.)

96

spūma –ae f.

froth, foam, spray; pl., spray (> spuo, spit)

97

statim **

at once, immediately

98

status statūs m.

position, situation, condition; rank; standing, status

99

suī sibi sē sē *****

himself, herself, itself (reflexive)

100

sum esse fuī futūrus *****

to be; exist; (also used to form verb perfect passive tenses) (+ nom. perfect participle)

101

summa summae f.

peak, summit; sum (of money), sum-total

102

suspīciō suspiciōnis f.

suspicion; mistrust

103

Tiberius –iī m.

Tiberius

104

tingō tingere tinxī tinctum

to wet, moisten; dye, color

105

tōtus –a –um *****

whole

106

trīgintā; trīcēsimus or trīcēnsimus –a –um

30; 30th

107

triumphō triumphāre triumphāvī triumphātus

to triumph, have a triumph

108

ūniversus –a –um

entire, all

109

ut or utī *****

in order that (introduces Purpose clause); as; when; ; introduces Indirect Command) that; (introduces negative Fear clause) that…not

110

venēnum venēnī n.

poison; drug

111

–que *****

and; both…and