Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

Suetonius, Caligula vocabulary > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (115):
1

accidō accidere accidī –––

to fall, befall, happen

2

adeō

such a point; precisely, exactly; thus far; indeed, truly; even

3

adeō adīre adīvī/adiī aditus

to approach; attack; visit, address; undertake; take possession (inheritance)

4

adgredior or aggredior aggredī aggressus sum

to approach, advance; attack, assail; undertake, seize (opportunity), attempt

5

amīcitia amīcitiae f. ***

friendship

6

amor amōris m. ****

love

7

animus animī m. *****

(rational) soul, mind; spirit; pl., strong feelings

8

assiduus –a –um

established, steady

9

benevolentia benevolentiae f.

goodwill, benevolence

10

caedō caedere cecīdī caesus

to chop, hew, cut out/down/to pieces; strike, smite, murder; slaughter; sodomize

11

causa causae f. *****

reason, cause; case; lawsuit

12

cēterus –a –um; often pl. cēterī –ae –a ***

the other, remainder, rest (of), remaining part (of); pl. the rest, the others

13

cibus cibī m.

food

14

cīvīlis cīvīlis cīvīle

of/affecting fellow citizens; civil; legal; public; political; unassuming

15

clādēs clādis f.

disaster, destruction

16

clārus –a –um **

bright, clear; famous, distinguished

17

clientēla –ae f.

clientship, patronage, protection, the relation of a client to his patron

18

cognōscō cognōscere cognōvī cognitus ****

to come to know, learn, recognize; in perfect, know; conduct an inquiry or trial

19

colligō colligere collēgī collēctus *

to collect, assemble, bring/gather/hold/keep together; combine; harvest; pick up;obtain/acquire, amass; rally; recover; sum up; deduce, infer; compute, add up

20

comminus

hand to hand; immediately; near at hand. (> com– and manus)

21

cōmoedia –ae f.

comedy

22

comperiō comperīre comperī compertus

to learn, discover, find (by investigation); verify, know for certain; find guilty

23

comportō comportāre comportāvī comportātus

to bring together, carry away

24

conciliō conciliāre conciliāvī conciliātus

to advise, bring together, unite, reconcile, make friendly, win over, conciliate

25

congruō –gruere –gruī —

to coincide, agree; be suited to

26

cōnstat

it is evident

27

contingō contingere contigī contāctus *

to touch; reach (to); border on, be connected with; affect, hit; take hold, seize; color/stain; lay hands on, appropriate; smite; affect emotionally, move/touch; happen, befall, turn out, come to pass, be granted to one; be produced

28

crūs –ūris n.

shin, leg

29

dē *****

down from, about, concerning; starting at (a point in time)

30

dēcrētum dēcrētī n.

decision, decree

31

dēvōtiō –ōnis f.

a consecrating; allegiance, devotedness; (in Christian authors) piety, devotion, worship.

32

dispergō –ere –spersī –spersus

to sprinkle, shower around; disperse, scatter; diffuse, dissolve (> dis– and spargo)

33

dīvexō –āre

to drag about; ravage; harass

34

dō dare dedī datus *****

to give; dedicate; sell; pay; grant/bestow/impart/offer/lend; devote; allow; make; surrender/give over; send to die; ascribe/attribute; give birth/produce; utter

35

doctrīna –ae f.

teaching, doctrine, learning

36

dōmesticus –ī m. (usually plural)

member of a household

37

domus domī f. ****

house, home

38

efficāx –ācis

effectual, powerful, efficient

39

ēgregius –a –um *

singular; distinguished; exceptional; extraordinary; eminent; excellent

40

ēloquentia –ae f.

eloquence

41

equus equī m. ****

horse; steed

42

foederātus –a –um

federated, bound by treaty (to Rome)

43

forīs

out of doors, outside, abroad

44

fortitūdō fortitūdinis f.

bravery

45

genus generis n. ****

descent, origin; race, stock; kind, sort

46

gracilitās –ātis f.

slenderness, thinness

47

Graecus –a –um *

Greek

48

grātia grātiae f. **

favor, kindness; gratitude, thanks

49

homō hominis m. *****

human being, man; in pl., people

50

humō humāre humāvī humātus

to lay earth on anything; inhume, inter, bury (> humus)

51

impugnō –pugnāre

to fight against, attack, assail

52

indūcō inducere indūxī inductus

to lead in, bring in (performers); induce, influence; introduce

53

īnferiae īnferiārum f.

sacrifices/rites in honor of the dead

54

ingenium ingeniī n. *

ability, talent; disposition

55

innoxius –a –um

harmless, innocent

56

lēnis –e

gentle, kind, mild

57

līber lībera līberum *

free (man); unimpeded; void of; independent, outspoken/frank; free from tribute; unconstrained, unrestrained, unencumbered; licentious; idle; w/abandon

58

līctor –ōris m.

a lictor, official attendant upon a magistrate

59

maiōrēs maiōrum m. pl.

ancestors

60

mandō mandāre mandāvī mandātus *

to entrust, commit to one's charge, deliver over; commission; order, command

61

Mānēs –ium m.

the deities of the lower world, gods or powers below, the spirits or souls of the dead in Hades, ghosts, shades, Manes, penalties of the lower world, punishments, expiations, purgatory, abode of the dead

62

manus manūs f. *****

hand; band, troop; in manibus: in hands, i.e. published

63

minus

less; not so well; not quite

64

mīrus –a –um *

wonderful, strange, remarkable, amazing, surprising, extraordinary

65

monumentum monumentī n.

reminder; memorial, monument, tomb; record, literary work, history, book

66

mōs mōris m. ****

custom, practice, habit; mood, manner, fashion; character (pl.), behavior, morals

67

nancīscor nancīscī nanctus or nactus sum

to obtain, get; find, meet with, receive, stumble on, light on

68

nē *****

(introduces negative purpose clause) in order that…not; (introduces negative indirect command) that…not; (introduces positive fear clause) that

69

nēmō nēminis m. or f. ***

no one

70

obtrectātor –ōris m.

malicious critic, detractor

71

omnis omne *****

every; all

72

oppidum oppidī n. *

town

73

orō orāre orāvī orātus

to pray (for), beg (for)

74

paulātim

little by little, by degrees, gradually; a small amount at a time, bit by bit

75

percutiō percutere percussī percussum

to hit, strike; kill, put to death

76

praecellō –ere — —

to surpass, excel

77

prīmus –a –um *****

first, foremost, best, chief, principal; nearest, next; [in primus = especially]

78

prius

earlier, preceding, before; in preference, to, rather

79

prōgredior prōgredī prōgressus sum

to go, come forth, go forward, march forward; advance, proceed, make progress

80

prōmereō –merēre –meruī –meritum

to deserve, be deserving of, merit, in a good or bad sense

81

quāliscumque quālecumque

whatever kind, whatever sort

82

quantus –a –um ***

how great; how much/many; of what size/amount/degree/number/worth/price

83

quantuscumque quantacumque quantumcumque

how great soever. of whatever size

84

quidem ****

moreover, certainly (emphasizing one statement with reference to another)

85

quis quid after si nisi ne or num ****

anyone, anything, someone, something

86

quisquam quicquam ***

someone, something; anyone, anything

87

relinquō relinquere relīquī relictus ****

to leave (behind), abandon

88

reliquiae –ārum f. pl.

relics, remains

89

renūntiō renūntiāre renūntiāvī renūntiātus

to report, renounce

90

repleō –ēre –plēvī –plētus

to fill again; fill up, fill

91

rescindō –ere –scidī –scissus

to tear off or away; cancel, rescind; rase, tear down; lay open

92

saepe ****

often

93

satis or sat (comp. satius) ***

enough, sufficiently

94

sed *****

but

95

sepulcrum sepulcrī n.

place of burial, tomb, grave

96

sī *****

if, freq.; causal, if, indeed, since; equivalent to cum; whether

97

sīcubi

if anywhere

98

singulāris singulāris singulāre

alone, unique; single, one by one; singular, remarkable, unusual

99

studium studiī n. **

zeal, enthusiasm; pursuit, study; enthusiastic support

100

suscēnseō suscēnsēre suscēnsuī —

to be angry, be indignant, be enraged, be provoked

101

suum –ī n. or sua –ōrum n.

one's property

102

suus –a –um *****

his (own), her (own), its (own); their (own)

103

triumphālis –e

of or be longing to a triumph, triumphall

104

tum or tunc

then, at that time; then, thereupon, afterwards (> tum–ce)

105

tumulus tumulī m.

mound

106

ultiō –ōnis f.

act of vengeance

107

ultrā

beyond, further (adv. and prep. +acc.)

108

ūnus –a –um *****

1, alone

109

uterque utraque utrumque **

which (of two), whichever, no matter which; one, either, one or other; (w/que) each/either (of two); both (separately); each side (pl.), each set

110

Vāriānus –a –um

of Varus, relating to P. Quintilius Varus, defeated by Arminius in 9 CE

111

vectātiō –ōnis f.

a carrying or being carried, a riding 

112

venēficium –iī n.

sorcery; poisoning; poison

113

vetus veteris *

old

114

vir virī m. *****

man; husband

115

virtūs virtūtis f. ****

manliness, courage; excellence, virtue