Chapter 1 Introduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Introduction Deck (22):
1

Combining Form (CF)

Created when a word root is combined with a vowel.
Combining vowels: mostly "o" sometimes "i" "e"
Ex: arthr+o=arthro
Gastr+o=gastro

**links with a suffix beginning with a consonant.

2

-itis

Inflammation

3

-ectomy

Excision, removal

4

-centesis

Surgical puncture

5

-pathy

Disease

6

Mast

Breast

7

Prefix

Word element attached to the beginning of a word or root word. Not all medical terms have a prefix. Usually indicates a *number *time *position *direction *negation

Ex: pre- post-

8

Nat

Birth

9

-al

Pertaining to

10

Pre-

Before

11

Post-

After

12

3 rules for building medical words

#1-word roots link a suffix that begins with a vowel.
#2-a combining form (root+o) links a suffix that begins with a consonant.
#3-a combining form (root+o) links to another root to form a compound word.

13

-scope

Instrument to view or examine

14

Oste/o

Bone

15

Mast/o

Breast

16

Gastr/o

Stomach

17

Enter/o

Intestine (usually small)

18

Col/o, colon/o

Colon

19

Arthr/o

Joint

20

Append/o

Appendix

21

Word Roots (WR)

Foundation of medical term & contains its primary meaning.
Ex: tonsill= tonsils
Col= colon

22

-scope

Instrument to view or examine

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