Chapter 5 (Cardiovascular) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 (Cardiovascular) Deck (13):
1

Arteries

Large blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart.

2

Capillaries

Microscopic blood vessels joining arterioles and venules

3

Congenital

Pertaining to presence of a disorder at the time of birth, which may result from genetic or environmental causes

4

Metabolism

Sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place within an organism

5

Veins

Vessels that return deoxygenated blood to the heart.

6

Cardiology

Medical, surgical, and therapeutic treatments of heart diseases. Generally consists of 3 types of specialists: Cardiologists, pediatric cardiologists, and cardiac surgeons.

7

Cardiologist

Specializes in treating adults with cardiovascular diseases

8

Pediatric cardiologist

Specializes in treating infants, children, and adolescents with cardiovascular diseases.

9

Cardiac surgeon

Surgeon specialized in cardiovascular disease surgeries such as coronary artery bypass, angioplasty, pacemaker insertion, valve replacement/repair, heart transplants, and repairs of congenital heart diseases.

10

Cardiovascular (CV) System

Heart, extensive network of blood vessels [arteries, capillaries, veins]. Aka "Circulatory system": deliver oxygen, nutrients, and other essential substances to body cells and remove waste products of cellular metabolism.

11

Systole

Contraction of the heart (top number of blood pressure)

12

Diastole

Resting period between contractions when the heart fills with blood. (Bottom number of blood pressure)

13

Angioplasty

Surgical procedure that opens a blocked artery by inflating a small balloon within a catheter to widen and restore blood flow in the artery.
[angi/o=vessel; -plasty=surgical repair]

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