Chapter 8 Urinary System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Urinary System Deck (11):
1

Electrolytes

Solutions that conduct electricity, such as acids, bases, and salts (sodium, potassium)

2

Metabolism

Sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place within an organism

3

PH

Symbol for degree of acidity or alkalinity of a substance (pH)

4

Urologist

Physician who specialize in diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the female and the male urinary systems. Also may treat male reproductive disorders because of structures in male anatomy, such as bladder cancer, infertility, sexual dysfunctions, and impotence. Also performs surgery and treats problems such as incontinence or obstructions such as tumors, stones, or other.

5

Urogynecologist

Specialist in treating urinary problems involving the female reproductive system

6

Pediatric urologist

Specialist in diagnosing and treating urinary problems in children

7

Nephrology

Medical specialty that is a subspecialty or branch of internal medicine. (Kidneys)

8

Nephrologist

Physician who specializes in the care of patients with diseases and conditions that affect the kidneys. They commonly treat chronic kidney disease (CKD), policy's tic kidney disease (PKD), acute renal failure, kidney stones, and high blood pressure. Also educated on all aspects of kidney transplantation and dialysis. Responsibilities include prescribing and coordinating dialysis treatment that are tailored to the needs of the individual patient, many of whom have been diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

9

Urinary system

Primary function is to remove waste products of metabolism from the blood by excreting them in the urine. Organs include: kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Formation of urine is performed by kidneys.

10

Kidneys

Forms urine, regulating the body's tissue fluid and maintaining a balance of electrolytes and an acid-base balance (pH) in the blood.

11

Dialysis

Mechanical filtering process used to remove metabolic waste products from blood, draw off excess fluids, and regulate body chemistry when kidneys fail to function properly
[dia-=through, across; -lysis=separation, destruction, loosening]

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